Pres. simple vs. continous; past simple

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  • 1. Simple Present vs. Present Continuous When do we use each tense?

2.

  • Use thesimple presentfor:
  • 1) ROUTINES: action that happens repeatedly (habitual action)
  • 2) general or permanent situations
  • 3) facts
  • Use thepresent continuousfor:
  • Something that is happening now or close to the time of speaking
  • 2) A temporary situation

Examples . . . 3. PRESENT SIMPLE Routines 4.

  • Simple Present (Examples)
  • 1) Routines:
  • Tomgoesfishing every week.
  • I usuallyworkuntil 2:00 p.m.
  • My familycomesto visit me every year.

5. Frequency adverbs 6.

  • On Mondays, on Saturdays
  • At weekends
  • Everyday, year, night, morning, weekend, century
  • Once / twice / three times a week/a month / a year

7.

  • Simple Present (More Examples)
  • 2) General or Permanent Situations:
  • Carmenlivesin Palma.
  • Jackdoesnt workon Saturday.
  • Beth and Toanworkat ECC.
  • 3) Facts:
  • The Earthisround.
  • Waterboilsat 100 degrees Celsius.
  • The Eiffel Towerisin Paris.

8.

  • Present Continuous (Examples)
  • 1) Action happening now or close to time of speaking:
  • Wheres Tom? He s playingsoccer.
  • Dont bother the kids. Theyare doingtheir homework.
  • 2) Temporary situations:
  • Martha and her husbandare travellingaround Europe for two weeks.
  • Lisais livingwith friends until she finds an apartment.

9.

  • Present Continuous . . . Time expressions
  • Now
  • Right now
  • We are reviewing the present continous at the moment
  • At the moment
  • Today, tonight

10.

  • Grammar Structure:
  • Here are some reminders about how tomakethe simple present and present continuous:

11. Simple Present :

  • The most important thing to remember about this tense is . . .
  • 3 rdperson singular (he, she, it)
  • We say :
  • I
  • You
  • We
  • They

work 12. Simple Present:

  • But for 3 rdperson singular, we say . . .
  • He
  • She
  • It

work s 13. Simple Present (Negative)

  • For all verbs, use:

doesn't don't simple form of VERB + Examples . . . 14.

  • 1) Sara works on Sunday. Saradoesnt workon Sunday. 2) They have a big house. Theydont havea big house. 3) Sam takes classes at night. Samdoesnt takeclasses at night. 4) I have a lot of free time. Idont havea lot of free time.

15. Simple Present (Interrogative?)

  • For all verbs, use:
  • DoSubject
  • Does
  • Ex. Do you study English? Yes, I do.

simple form of VERB + + 16. Present Continuous:

  • Dont forget that VERB BE is part of this structure.
  • IAM
  • You, We, They ARE
  • He, She, It IS

verb -ING + 17.

  • Examples:
  • Everyoneis studyinghard.
  • Theyare celebratingtheir 40 thanniversary today.
  • Iam cleaningmy house this week.

18.

  • Present Continuous(Negative)
  • For this tense, simply ADD the wordNOTafter the verb BE.
  • They are working today.
  • They areNOTworking today.(arent)
  • She is taking a Math class.
  • She isNOTtaking a Math class.(isnt)

19. Present Continuous(Interrogative ?)

  • Am
  • IsSubjectV. -ing
  • Are
  • Are you playing football right now? No, Im not.

+ + 20.

  • Important Note about
  • Present Continuous!
  • Some verbs are NOT typically used in the present continuous tense.Instead, we prefer to use these verbs in the simple present.
  • These verbs are calledSTATIVE(or non-action) verbs. Here are some examples:
  • want like love hate
  • know need see hear
  • believe understand have (possession)
  • forget remember belong

21.

  • Examples:
  • IlikeRome.
  • NOT: I am liking Rome.
  • Shehasa big house.
  • NOT: She is having a big house.
  • Ipreferto have coffee.
  • NOT: I am preferring to have coffee.

_____________ _____________ _____________ 22.

  • Practice!
  • Do these exercises with your class.
  • Choose the simple present or present continuous and discusswhyeach is correct.
  • 1. On Tuesdays, I ________ (go) to the gym.
  • 2. Karen ________ (paint) her apartment this week.
  • 3. This room __________ (be) very large.
  • 4. He _________ (have) a headache right now.
  • 5. It ________ (rain) really hard right now.
  • 6. Where is John? He _______ (work).
  • 7. I ________ (meet) my friend in a few minutes.
  • 8. My family ________ (come) to San Diego often.

23.

  • Answers!
  • 1.On Tuesdays , Igoto the gym.
  • 2. Karenis paintingher apartmentthis week .
  • 3. This roomisvery large.(fact)
  • 4. Hehasa headache right now.(stative)
  • 5. Itis rainingreally hardright now .
  • 6. Where is John? Heis working .(right now)
  • 7. Iam meetingmy friendin a few minutes .
  • 8. My familycomesto San Diegooften .

24. PAST SIMPLE TENSE 25. AFFIRMATIVE FORM

  • Verbs can be:
  • REGULARor

26.

  • Irregular!
  • (IRREGULAR VERBS LIST AT THE BACK OF YOUR BOOK)

27. Affirmative of Regular Verbs

  • All Persons add EDto the Base Form:
  • I play ed
  • You laugh ed
  • He listen ed
  • She watch ed
  • We wait ed
  • They rememeber ed

28. SPELLING the ED ending

  • Regular verbs ending in :
  • 1. E: Add D :
  • I lived , you decided , he liked,
  • 2. Consonant+Y : IED:
  • I studied, He tidied, (vs: I pl ayed )
  • 3. CVC: 1consonant+ 1Vowel+ 1consonant: Double the consonant:
  • She planned , they stopped,

29. Pronouncing the ED:

  • Three possibilities:
  • /d/as incleaned
  • /t/as inkicked
  • /id/as indecided
  • Plenty of pronunciation practice:
  • http://englishteachermargarita.blogspot.com/2009/10/pronouncing-ed-2009-10.html

30. Affirmative of Irregular Verbs

  • You mustlearn them by heart:
  • A List:
  • http://www.mansioningles.com/gram53.htm
  • AnIrregular Verbs in GroupsList:
  • http://safasexto.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/irregularverbsingroups1.pdf
  • I went
  • You read
  • He spoke
  • We heard
  • They came
  • All Personsare the same
  • - as in Regular Verbs.