Simple Tense, Continous Tense & Perfect Tense

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Transcript of Simple Tense, Continous Tense & Perfect Tense

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    ARE YOU READY??

    ENTER

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    AFIAH

    HAFIZU HAZWAN

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    TENSES

    SIMPLE

    CONTINUOUS

    PERFECT

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    CONTINUOUS TENSE

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    Indicates continuing action, something

    going on now.

    This tense is formed with the helping

    verb-to-be, in the present tense, plus

    the present participle of the verb (with

    an -ingending)

    Please state the be- verb, and

    example of past participle.

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    Examples :

    1) He is singing.

    2) She is listening.

    3) They are sleeping.

    4) I am going home.

    The present continuous can suggest that

    an action is going to happen in the future,especially with verbs that convey the idea

    of a plan or of movement from one place

    or condition to another.

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    Examples :

    1) The team is arriving in two hours.2) He is moving to Portland this

    summer.

    since the present progressive can

    suggest either the present or the

    future, it is usually modified by

    adverbs of time.

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    The past progressive is used to talkabout an activity that was in progress

    at a specific point of time in the past.

    The emphasis/focus is on the durationof the activity in the past.

    This tense is formed with the helping

    verb-to-be, in the past tense, plus thepast participle of the verb (with an -ing

    ending)

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    Examples :

    1) He was singing.

    2) She was listening.3) They were sleeping.

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    Uses of Past Continuous

    Tense1. Actions in progress in the past Examples:

    - He was playingfootball.

    - We were skiing.

    2. Actions in progress at the specific timein the past

    Examples:- He was sleepingall night long.

    - What were you doing at 3.00?

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    3. Two actions happening at the same

    time (in the past)

    Use the past progressive with whileto talkabout two actions.

    Examples:

    - While she was preparingdinner, he waswashingthe dishes.

    - While I was answeringthe phone, my

    wife was cooking dinner.

    - I was reading while he was skiing.

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    4. To focus on the duration of an action,

    not its completion.

    Examples:- Khairi was reading a book last night. (we

    dont know if he finished the book)

    - Shafiq was playing games yesterday.

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    Is used to talk about actions which willbe in progress at a time in the future.

    Examples:

    1) I suppose it will be raining when we

    start.

    2) This time tomorrow I will be sittingon the beach in Kelantan

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    is also used to talk about actions in

    the future which are already planned

    or which are expected to happen inthe normal course of things.

    examples:1) The usrah will be held next week.

    2) I will be staying in hostel during

    the holiday.3) The postman will be coming soon.

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    Be tois used with base form to talk

    about official plans and arrangements.

    Examples:

    - The Prime Ministeris to visit

    America next month.- The conference is to discuss

    Nuclear Tests

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    Exercise

    1. Oh dear! I ______ (will sneeze, amgoing to sneeze)

    2. I _____ (see, will be seeing) you one

    of these days, I expect.3. I ____ passing your house this

    afternoon. (will be passing, ampassing)

    4. The plane ____ at 3.30. (arrives, willarrive)

    5. When I get home, my cat ___ at the

    door waiting for me. ( sits, will be

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    References

    Rao, P.N.D.V. (2008). High SchoolEnglish Grammar &

    Composition.(Pg64-

    73).Malaysia:Crescent News (K.L.)Sdn Bhd

    Fuchs, M. , Bonner, M. & Westheimer,

    M. (2006). FOCUS ON GRAMMAR:AN INTEGRATED SKILLS

    APPROACH. 3RD edition. NY: Pearson

    Education