Secrets of Skateboarding

of 145/145
-1- ________________________________________________________________________ The Secrets of Skateboarding By Tony Waters Secrets of Skateboarding © 2008
  • date post

    27-Oct-2014
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    590
  • download

    136

Embed Size (px)

description

The Secrets of SkateboardingBy Tony Waters

Transcript of Secrets of Skateboarding

-1________________________________________________________________________

The Secrets of Skateboarding

By Tony Waters

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-2________________________________________________________________________

DISCLAIMERPlease note that the author and publisher of this book are NOT RESPONSIBLE in any manner whatsoever for any injury that may result from practicing the techniques and/or following the instructions given within. Since the physical activities described herein may be too strenuous in nature for some readers to engage in safely, it is essential that a physician be consulted prior skateboarding. First published in 2008 by Secrets of Skateboarding Inc. 2008 by Secrets of Skateboarding Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without prior written permission from Secrets of Skateboarding, Inc. Distributed by: Secrets of Skateboarding, Inc. First edition Printed in the United States of America

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-3________________________________________________________________________

Table of ContentsPart I: Comprehensive Trick Guide Introduction Beginners Guide Q& A Stance Terminology Flatground Tricks The Ollie Troubleshooting How to Ollie Higher Pop Shove-it Backside Pop Shove-it Frontside Pop Shove-it Troubleshooting 180 Ollie Backside 180 Ollie Frontside 180 Ollie Kickflip Troubleshooting Heelflip Troubleshooting Varial Flip Troubleshooting Backside Flip Troubleshooting Frontside Flip Troubleshooting 15 19 21 24 25 27 29 31 32 34 36 40 44 47 49 53 54 58 59 63 5 7 7 11 12

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-4________________________________________________________________________ 360 Flip Troubleshooting Hardflip Troubleshooting Backside Heelflip Troubleshooting Grinds 50-50 Grind 5-0 Grind Board Slide Nose Grind Crooked Grind Nose Slide Smith Grind Tail Slide 5 Most Common Mistakes Getting your Tricks Higher Part II: Skating for Success 79 81 83 85 98 90 92 94 96 99 100 65 68 70 74 75 78

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-5________________________________________________________________________

Introduction: How to Make the Most of this Book

Dear Reader, Congrats on taking the first step to becoming a better skateboarder! You are about to uncover some of the most valuable secrets of skateboarding. The methods and techniques you are about to learn will not only dramatically slash the time it takes for you to learn a new trick, but can also be applied to any other area of life to achieve success. Applying these techniques to directly to skateboarding will significantly improve your skateboarding skills. Applying these techniques to other parts of your life will yield financial abundance, lasting relationships, and a fit body. Again, I want to congratulate you on making a decision that may carry you to your skateboarding goals. The reason I say may is that there is only so much I can do to guide to you. The rest is entirely up to you. If youre the type of person to carefully read this guide, actively take notes, and most

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-6________________________________________________________________________

importantly, take action, then you are about to reach a level of success you can hardly imagine. Whether you skate for fun or aspire to skate for a living, this guide will help you reach your goals. Part I of this guide explains how to properly execute the tricks. Park II is about goal setting and how to truly make this program work for you. It is crucial that you study this information carefully, since it is the foundation of this course. You may be tempted to quickly dive into Part I and learn the tricks, but the real secret to success at skateboarding lies in your attitudes, beliefs and habits. Part 1 of this guide will teach you how to condition your brain in order to reach your goals as quickly, efficiently and effortlessly as possible. Most importantly, have fun when skating. Skateboarding is a privilege and having a good time is what skateboarding is all about! Do not become so frustrated or upset when you meet an obstacle that you forget the purpose of skateboarding. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said, Nothing great in the world has ever been accomplished without passion. Love skateboarding. Sincerely, Tony Waters

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-7________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 1- Beginning Skateboarding Beginners Q & AQ. Whats a good board for beginners? A. Anything but a Wal-mart deck. If you are seriously striving to become a good skateboarder, you need a good deck to practice on. A $19.99 K-Mart board definitely wont cut it! I recommend starting out with a blank complete. Blank decks are cheap and are constructed very well, so they last a long time- theyre great for beginners. As you get better and better, you may want to start looking into brand name decks. CCS.com offers great blank completes starting at $69.99! Q. Does it matter which end of the board I use? A. Not really- Most use the shorter and lower end as the tail. The higher and wider end is the nose. However, its all a matter of personal preference. For example, some find that the tail has better pop but the nose is easier to scoop. Q. Do shoes matter? A. Obviously, you dont want to be skating in sandals or dress shoes, so I strongly recommend getting a pair of skate shoes. They are a great investment because they provide comfort and can withstand the stresses of skateboarding.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-8________________________________________________________________________

Skate shoes have a larger surface area to allow more balance, and many come with ankle support to prevent yourself from rolling your ankles. Q. How should I push? A. You always want your front foot on the board and push off the ground with your back foot. The opposite is called pushing mongo. Make sure you develop the habit of pushing your board the right way- pushing mongo makes it more difficult to set your feet up for tricks. Q. How do I turn? A. To turn, you simply lean in the direction you want to turn into. Just bend your knees and place more weight on your heels or toes, depending on the direction you want to turn into. For a tighter turn, do a quick manual by placing more weight on the tail, lifting the front wheels off the ground and turning in the direction you want to go in. Q. How do I stop? A. To stop you can simply put your weight on the tail, and drag your tail on the ground. This is called a tailstop and can wear away your tail. You can use an alternative method and use your pushing foot to slow yourself down. Q. When can I start learning tricks?

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-9________________________________________________________________________

A. Before learning any trick, you must be comfortable standing and riding a skateboard. If you cant even stand on the board without falling, there is no way youre ready to learn the Ollie. Practice riding around everyday until you can easily push, turn and stop. Then, you know you are ready to learn the Ollie. Q. Why is your method so much better than tutorial videos? A. You see, most trick tip videos give so little information that its almost impossible to get a good idea of all the details of the trick. If you have lots of free time to explore and mess around with learning a new trick, then a traditional video tutorial might be a good place to start. But if you want to learn new tricks in the fastest, most effective way possible, then most likely, video trick tutorials wont do much to help you. Even if the video gave you the instructions in detail, youll still have trouble remember exactly what to do. Thats why a written guide is so important. However, a visual can still be very helpful. Thats why I encourage you to watch a few videos on how a trick is supposed to be executed so you have a clear image of what to do. Q. What can I do to ensure I learn these tricks quickly and effortlessly?

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-10________________________________________________________________________

A. Have fun when skating! Read the trick tips thoroughly, watch videos of pros, ask questions on discussion boards but most importantly, practice, practice and practice

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-11________________________________________________________________________

Finding your StanceWalk up to your skateboard and stand with one foot in the middle and the other foot on the tail. Which foot is in front? If your left foot is forward you are regular. If your right foot is forward you are goofy. If you still have trouble deciding which foot goes where try this. With out giving it too much thought, walk up to a soccer ball and kick it. The foot you used to kick it will most likely be your back foot, since you want the balancing foot in front and the kicking foot in the back. The stance you choose is entirely up to you. One stance is not better than the other. Its all personal preference and you should stick to whichever feels more comfortable.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-12________________________________________________________________________

TerminologyHow many times have you been given ambiguous skate tips such as, just move your front foot up a little as you Ollie. What does up mean? Toward the nose of your skateboard? Toward the direction of your toes? Up in the air? It is very difficult describing 3 dimensional movements in words. For this purpose of this guide, we will be using the north/south/front/back system to refer to a particular direction.

This may seem strange at first. Saying front, forward, up, down, back, and behind seem perfectly fine. However, these words become ambiguous (i.e. when we use words like back, do we really mean back or south?) so its better to have an absolute system when describing direction.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-13________________________________________________________________________

Throughout this guide, north will refer to the direction you point your toes. South will be the direction your heels are facing. Front is the direction the nose of your board is facing and back is the direction your tail is facing. Up will refer to straight up in the air and down will be towards the ground.

On flatland, backside refers to rotating in the direction you are facing, and frontside is rotating in the opposite direction you are facing. When grinding, they are reversed. Backside refers to the rotating toward the skaters back and frontside refers to rotating in the direction the skater is facing. Now that we covered the basics lets begin!

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-14________________________________________________________________________

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-15________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 2- The Ollie

Ah, the Ollie. If skateboarding tricks were represented as a tree, the Ollie would be the trunk of the tree. Terrible analogy, I know, but the Ollie is truly the foundation of almost all flatland skateboarding tricks and is usually the first trick a beginner learns. Once you master the Ollie, you can begin exploring more advanced tricks such as the Kickflip or Heelflip, or you can take your Ollies to the next level and jump off/over/onto obstacles! Requirements for the Ollie Before learning the Ollie, you want to be comfortable riding around on your skateboard.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-16________________________________________________________________________

Ollie Foot Placement Place your back foot, with the ball of the foot on the middle of the tail. Place your front foot an inch or two behind the front bolts, in the center of the board. Generally, the farther back (toward the tail) your front foot is, the higher you will Ollie. When beginning, its a good idea to have you front foot a little farther back to get a feeling of the dragging motion. Balance You want to stay over your board as you Ollie, keeping your weight in the center. Make sure you have all four wheels on the ground and you are not leaning towards one side. Pop As you get ready to Ollie, bend your knees. Experiment with how far down you bend. The more you bend your knees, the higher your Ollie will be. However, it can be easy to lose your balance when bending down too much.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-17________________________________________________________________________

Slam down on the tail with your back foot. Give a quick, hard, clean slam. Slam straight down; do not scoop the tail as you pop As you slam, youll also want to jump into the air off of your back foot and pull your foot up. This part of the Ollie requires some practice to get the timing down. Drag The dragging motion of the front foot is what actually gets the board up in the air. Timing the drag along with the pop and jump is by far the most difficult part of learning the Ollie. Take your time with this step As you pop and jump, drag your front foot along the griptape up towards the bolts. This dragging motion pulls the skateboard higher off the ground. Youll want to lean forward as you drag. If you have youre the majority of your weight on the tail, your board will pop up crooked and will not level out. As you reach the end of your drag, youll want to suck up your knees, bringing them as high as you can. Focus on hitting your chest with your knees. As long as youre not leaning too forward to too backwards, the board will flatten out by itself.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-18________________________________________________________________________

Landing If you maintained your balance through out the whole trick, your feet should land on the bolts. Bend your knees to absorb the shock of the landing and ride away! Learning the Ollie Many skaters learn the Ollie by practicing stationary on the grass or carpet. This keeps the board in place, so you dont have to worry as much about your balance and your body can focus more on the actual motions involved in this trick. However, learning tricks stationary can cause bad habits to form. For this reason, I strongly recommend learning the Ollie both moving and stationary. Start on the carpet or grass. When your Ollies begin to look somewhat decent, start practicing moving at a slow speed. As you get higher and more comfortable with Ollies, completely abandon practicing them stationary and do them at faster speeds. After you are able to Ollie while rolling, take your Ollies to the next level by Ollying off of curbs, ledges, and stairs. Youll be in the air for a longer time now, so landing becomes more important. It is vital that you remain balanced over the center of your board, and bend your knees to absorb the landing.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-19________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the OllieProblem: I land one footed Solution: One footed landings are caused by lack of commitment. Usually, its your front foot that lands on the board and the back foot that lands on the ground to catch yourself. To fix this, just focus on keeping the foot that comes off on the board. You may want to try Ollying lower so, you will land more balanced. Problem: My board slides out in midair Solution: Losing your board in mid air is usually caused by kicking the board out instead of staying over the board and dragging. Remain balanced as you pop, leaning slightly forward as you drag and you will have no problem keeping the board directly under you. Problem: My Ollies are too low Solution: Low Ollies are caused by not getting enough pop before your Ollie. It is easy to fix this problem- simple crouch lower and move your front foot back a little, so it has more room to drag. When youre in the air, remember to suck up your knees! Read the Ollie Higher section for a more detailed explanation on how to get more height. Problem: My landings are sketchy

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-20________________________________________________________________________

Solution: If you land unbalanced, with your back wheels hitting the ground first, you are not keeping your shoulders level in the air. Focus on keeping your shoulders stationary in the air and use only the sucking up motion of your legs to control the board.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-21________________________________________________________________________

How to Ollie Higher

Danny Wainwright sets the world record for the highest Ollie with an amazing jump of 44.5! Low Ollies are quite common for beginner skaters. There is a lot to take in when first learning the Ollie so the timing of the trick can be difficult. However, once you learn how to get your board at least a little bit off the ground, you wont have any trouble learning how to get your Ollies higher and higher.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-22________________________________________________________________________

Low Ollies almost always result from not picking up your feet high enough. However, you need to be perfectly balanced in order to be able to suck up your legs. While preparing for the Ollie, have your shoulders centered, and your weight over the center of the board. As you pop your tail, suck up your legs and pull your feet into the air! Aim for hitting your chest with your knees. When practice getting your Ollies higher, it is not important that you land your Ollies. Just focus on getting the board up into the air. Dont worry about your front foot; it might slide off the board a few times, but for now, dont think about it. Concentrate on popping up, dragging your lead foot up all the way, and sucking up your legs. I can not stress how important the sucking up motion is. A great way to practice Ollying higher is to pop the tail to begin an Ollie, take off your back foot and plant it on the ground, but continue to drag your front foot and slam down on the board. Basically, you are doing an Ollie with only the front foot. If you can get the board pretty high in the air, you are doing it right. This practice method will instantly help you feel the appropriate dragging motion of the front foot.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-23________________________________________________________________________

Right now, take a break from reading and go skate for a while. Anyone, including pro skaters, can benefit from practicing getting their Ollies higher. Practice the techniques I described and focus on get that Ollie high. Happy Ollying!

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-24________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 5- The Pop Shove-it

Pop Shove-its are not difficult to learn. It is very easy to rotate the board 180 degrees, but the landing can be a bit tricky. When starting out, it is a good idea to learn backside shove-its before frontside shove-its, since they are easier and give you a feel of the trick. Requirements for Pop Shove-its You should be able to consistently pop Ollies before learning Pop Shove-its.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-25________________________________________________________________________

Backside Pop Shove-itFoot Placement Set up your foot as you would for an Ollie, with your front foot a little higher up, about 1-2 inches away from the front bolts. You also want to move your back foot up more, with your toes higher up. This allows you to scoop the board, causing the spinning motion. Pop You dont need much pop for this trick. A slight knee bend will be adequate to get the board in the air. Spin As you pop, you want to scoop the back foot south towards you. At the same time, push your front foot up and north. Your feet should be doing sort of a scissors kick. As the board is spinning under you, you want to completely stay over it. The board will most likely spin if front of you (towards your toes) so you will have to compensate for that by jumping forward a little. Landing Stay over your board as you land and keep your feet spread apart. A common problem is landing with the feet close together

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-26________________________________________________________________________

and losing your balance. After the board spins the 180, catch it, bend your knees and land!

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-27________________________________________________________________________

Frontside Pop-Shove-itFoot Placement For the Frontside Pop Shove-it, have your front foot in the middle of the board about 1-2 inches away from the front bolts. You want your back toes a little lower on the tail, so you can scoop forward to get the board rotating Frontside. Pop As with the backside Pop Shove-it, you dont need much pop for this trick. Just bend your knees. Spin As you pop, you want to kick your back foot north. At the same time, bring your front foot toward you (south), guiding the board to rotate 180 degrees. Stay over the board through out the spin and jump backwards a little, since these tend to go south of you. Landing The board will probably go south of you, so jump back a little as you land. Also, keep your feet spread apart and aim for the bolts. Learning the Pop Shove-it Initially, this trick may be pretty scary, since you might land on the tail and have the board shoot out. Regardless, you should

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-28________________________________________________________________________

learn the Pop Shove-it while moving since its a completely different feeling landing these stationary and moving.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-29________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the Pop Shove-itProblem: Landing one footed Solution: One footed landings are due to one of two thingshaving the board stray from you in the air or lack of commitment. This trick may feel scary at first, but you need to commit to the landing. Practice these moving slowly, focusing on landing with both feet. Then, take them to higher and higher speeds. Problem: Board flips while rotating Solution: Landing this trick while the board is flipping can lead to a nasty spill. Flipping the board (in a backside pop-Shove-it) is caused by the front heel hitting the edge of the board, causing it to flip in the Heelflip direction. Simply fix this by kicking out your front foot and scooping with your back foot at the same time. If you scoop first, and then kick, the board will hit your heel and naturally flip. If the board flips in a frontside shove-it, you are hitting the edge of the board with your toes, sending it into a Kickflip. Simply adjust by kicking both legs at the same time. Problem: Board flies out from underneath me

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-30________________________________________________________________________

Solution: Usually, the board will end up in north of you if youre doing this trick backside and south you if youre doing a Frontside Pop Shove-it. To have the board stay under you the whole time, just jump slightly forward or backwards depending on which direction you rotate it. Generally, just lean and jump in the direction the board flies out in. It seems overly simple, but youd be surprised how consistent your Pop Shove-its are after doing so.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-31________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 6- The 180 Ollie

The 180 Ollie is a simple trick that is a lot harder than it looks. It is a basic flatland trick that sets the foundation for more advanced tricks such as Backside or Frontside Flip. Like all rotation tricks, the 180 Ollie can be done backside or frontside. Requirements for Learning the 180 Ollie The Ollie. Knowing pop shove-its would definitely help, but they are not absolutely necessary.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-32________________________________________________________________________

Backside 180 OllieIn the backside 180 Ollie, the skater spins 180 degrees in the direction he is facing. In other words, a goofy skater would spin to his left, and a regular skater would spin to his right. Foot Placement Your back foot should be set up in the middle of the tail, in an Ollie position. Your front foot should be a little closer to the front bolts than in a regular Ollie. You want to have your feet a little wider, so you have more control over your board. Pop Before you pop, have the majority of your weight on your back foot. You also want to have your shoulder wound up already. As you pop, start rotating in the backside direction. When you reach the apex of your Ollie, your board should have already rotated 90 degrees. Rotation You should remain centered as you rotate. To complete the 180 Ollie, just quickly twist your legs.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-33________________________________________________________________________

You want to turn your head around so you are facing forward again- doing so will help you regain balance quicker. Landing It is especially important to bend your knees after you land. When doing the Backside 180 Ollie, you weight shifts from your back foot to your (now) front foot so there is a tendency to fall off when landing. You can regain your balance by bending your knees- a little more than usual.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-34________________________________________________________________________

Frontside 180 OllieFoot Placement Your back foot should be set up in the middle of the tail, in an Ollie position. Your front foot should be a little closer to the front bolts than in a regular Ollie. You want to have your feet a little wider, so you have more control over your board. Pop Before you pop, you want to have your shoulder wound up already, with your arm across your stomach. As you pop, scoop your foot forwards, unwind and start rotating in the frontside direction. As you reach the apex of your Ollie, your board should have already rotated 90 degrees. Rotation As with the backside 180 Ollie, remain centered when you rotate. You dont want to be moving all over the place- you just want your legs and the board to rotate 180 degrees.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-35________________________________________________________________________

After you reach the height of your Ollie, quickly twist your legs, bringing your back foot forward, to complete the turning motion. Landing Landing the frontside 180 Ollie is easier since you are facing forward the entire time and you get to see where you land. However, there is still a tendency to land with too much weight on your font foot and having the board shoot out from under you. Fix this by remaining centered and staying over your board while bending your knees as you land. Learning the 180 Ollie With both the frontside and backside 180 Ollie, you want to practice while rolling at a slow, comfortable speed. It is very difficult to learn this trick stationary because you need some momentum to turn the whole 180 degrees. Practice this trick moving at a slow speed at first, then do them at faster and faster speeds, and you will find that the board will rotate better the faster you do them.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-36________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 3- The Kickflip

One of the most difficult tricks to learn as a beginner, the Killer Kickflip is also one of the most rewarding. Once learned, the Kickflip can be performed along with spin tricks to create an almost endless possibility of tricks. The Kickflip is the trick that separates beginner and intermediate skaters. After you learn the Kickflip youll find that other, more advanced flip tricks that are variations of the Kickflip (such as the Varial Flip and Backside Flip) become much easier to learn. A Kickflip should be done like the Ollie. You pop up the tail and slide your front foot up the board, flicking out your ankle at the concave, causing the board to flip. Youll want to stay over the board as it flips and land with your feet on the bolts.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-37________________________________________________________________________

Lets take a more in-depth look at the Kickflip: Requirements for Learning Kickflips Before learning Kickflips, youll need to be able to Ollie while rolling. A measly 6 Ollie wont cut it. You need to be able to Ollie at least 2 decks (about a foot) consistently before attempting Kickflips. Kickflip Foot Placement Place your back foot straight across your tail, with your toes in the middle of the tail. Some would say to place the ball of your back foot on the tail, but this decreases your stability and results in the board rotating backside. Place your front foot about an inch or two behind the front set of bolts. You want about half of your front foot on the board, with your toes slightly facing the nose. Balance You want to have the majority of your weight on your front foot, so you stay over your board throughout the trick. Bend your knees to prepare for the pop, keeping your back straight. Pop Pop the board hard with your back foot.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-38________________________________________________________________________

Give a strong, solid pop on the tail, but make sure your not scooping the tail at all. Just slam straight down. The Kickflip should start out feeling like an Ollie. Flip As your front foot drags up, flick it out and down toward the corner of the board, where the board starts to bend upward. You simply want a nice little flick with your ankle, just enough to spin the board. As soon as you flick, suck up your legs to give the board some room to spin and prepare for the landing. A common problem with the Kickflip is flicking with the entire leg rather than just the foot. This results in kicking the board in front of you or a rocket flip, which well discuss later on in the troubleshooting section. Landing The landing of this trick is all instinct. When you start, the board will probably flip low and you will land as the board hits the ground. However, as you get comfortable with the flip, you will start to catch the board while its still in the air. As you land, aim

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-39________________________________________________________________________

to place your feet on the bolts and give a slight knee bend was you land. Learning the Kickflip The Kickflip is perhaps the most frustrating trick to learn, so have patience when learning it! When first learning this trick, your goal is to get the board flipping. After that, focus on staying over the board while its flipping. This is key to learning the Kickflip and what most beginners tend to ignore. Most people focus on the flip, but if you focus on staying over the board, the flip will come naturally and the Kickflip will come much faster. When you land your first Kickflip, chances are its going to look no where as clean as Andrew Reynolds. Itll probably pop up only a few inches, bounce off the ground, and youll catch it in a manual. Dont worry though! Congratulate yourself for landing it! As you continue to practice, focus popping harder and sucking up your legs more to get them higher and cleaner. Youll soon begin to see how easy and effortless Kickflips can be.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-40________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the KickflipProblem: The board does a rocket flip Solution: In a rocket flip, the board flips while tilted on the tail. To fix this problem all you have to do is pop a few Ollies before hand and then do a Kickflip, feeling the dragging motion of the Ollie. This helps you concentrate on dragging your front foot UP and out. Another reason why the board is flipping on the tail is that you are kicking with your entire leg. Remember, all you need is a nice, gentle ankle flick to get the board spinning. Problem: The board doesnt flip Solution: First of all, make sure you have your Ollies down. Some people move on to the Kickflip before being able to land clean Ollies and wonder why they cant get the board to flip. As you drag your front foot up, flick your front foot out in front of the bolts, where the nose begins to form. Many try to kick their foot back in attempts to flip the board, but this does not cause the board to spin. Problem: Board does a nose dive Solution: If the board is tilting toward the nose, you are flicking down too much. Focus on flicking UP and SOUTH FRONT. When

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-41________________________________________________________________________

starting out, it is very easy to want to flick directly down to cause the board to spin. Again, the Kickflip should feel like an Ollie- you want to drag your front foot UP and let it leave the board around the bolts, giving it a little flick. Problem: My board only flips half way. Solution: This is a very common problem, caused by not flicking enough. The farther north you place your front foot, the slower the board will flip. To adjust, all you have do is adjust your front foot more north or south, finding the spot which will cause the board to spin exactly once in the air. Problem: Board turns backside Solution: The most common reason for the board turning backside and going into a varial is not having shoulders parallel to the board. You want to keep your shoulders square with your board as you pop up. Another possibility is having your foot too much off the board, and scooping the tail as you pop. Fix this by placing your back foot straight across your tail, with your toes in the middle of the tail. Problem: The board lands towards in the back or in front of me

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-42________________________________________________________________________

Solution: All of the landing problems are caused by being off balance when popping. If the board lands behind you, you are leaning too forward. Make sure your head is aligned with the rest of your body and your back is straight. If the board lands in front of you, you are not staying over it while you flip. Imagine the Kickflip as an Ollie- have your weight of your front foot and stay over the board the whole way through. Do not shift your weight onto your back foot and lean back when you pop- this will cause you to kick out too much, causing the board to flip out in front of you. If you are still having trouble, this tip will definitely help you out: simply jump forward a little- you will easily stay over your board. Problem: Board lands to the north or south of me Solution: A common problem with the Kickflip is landing with only toes the board. Simply fix this by keeping your weight centered and not leaning towards your heels when you pop. Lean a bit towards your toes if you have to, keeping the board directly under you at all times. If the board lands south, you are out off jumping the board. Although this problem is rare, it is easy to fix. Just focus on popping the board moving forward (toward your front foot) and not sideways (towards your toes and heels).

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-43________________________________________________________________________

Problem: I land with one foot Solution: If the board flips fine, but you are still landing one footed, its a matter of commitment. When starting out, many skaters have landed Kickflips into manuals, have the board shoot out, sliding off onto their butts, making them terrified of Kickflips for the rest of their lives. As with any trick, you need to stay committed to landing the trick in order to get it down. If you are landing one footed because the board is not under you, then you need to check out another troubleshooting tip to see what exactly the problem is. Problem: Board flips and lands before I do Solution: Remember the Ollie? Well, the Kickflip should feel like one. I think thats only mentioned that about 200 times in this chapter. Remember to flick UP and out, as you are dragging your lead foot up. As you flick, suck up your legs as you would in an Ollie, allowing the board to stick with you rather than flip and fall down before you do. Sucking up your legs allows the board to stay underneath you.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-44________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 4- The Heelflip

Some argue that the Heelflip is much easier than the Kickflip, but I personally feel that its a tough trick to learn, and should be treated like a difficult trick. Pay attention to the details of the trick to build a good foundation to work with. Requirements for Learning Heelflips The only requirement for Heelfips is a solid Ollie. This trick will come to you easier if you can already Kickflip, but it is certainly not a prerequisite. Foot Placement There are many ways to position the front foot. The front foot should be placed 1-2 inches behind the front bolts. Generally, skaters will have personal preferences when it comes to how much toe should hang off, but his is entirely up to you.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-45________________________________________________________________________

Because everyone is different, experiment with your front foot positioning until you can find a comfortable spot for your foot. You will probably find that having 2 inches of your toe hanging off will feel right. The back foot should be set up like an Ollie. Here is a general rule of thumb- the farther north your have your toes of your front foot off the board, the farther south you should place your back foot. This is to maintain good balance during the Heelflip. Pop Give the board a clean, hard pop! Like the Kickflip, the Heelflip should start out feeling like an Ollie. As your front foot drags up, flick it out toward the northfront corner of the board, where the board starts to bend upward. Flip You want to slide your front foot diagonally off the board while Ollying. Its an up and out motion. I cannot stress this enough. Most Many beginner skaters kick down or north with their front foot when attempting to Heelflip. Sliding it off diagonally will make the board flip much smoother.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-46________________________________________________________________________

But this trick is essentially the same as an Ollie- you drag up with your front foot, but you drag towards the north front corner and give a little flick. Remember to suck up your legs after you flick. Landing With the Heelflip, it is common to catch the board with with both feet simultaneously. As long as you suck up your legs as you flick, the board will naturally find its way to your feet in the air. As soon as you catch the board, stomp down and ride away. Learning the Heelflip I recommend to start learning the Heelflip by practicing stationary on carpet or grass. As you get comfortable with the board flipping underneath you, begin to do Heelflips while moving at a slow, comfortable speed. Its important that do not practice all the time standing still. This will cause bad habits that will be hard to fix when you start doing them while moving.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-47________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the HeelflipProblem: The board flips vertically Solution: You are kicking out too much with your front foot and/or leaning back. Remember that this trick is just like an Ollie, so remain completely centered over your board. Also, focus your weight on your front heel- this will help you stay centered and balanced as you pop.

Problem: Board goes south of me Solution: This is perhaps the most common problem when learning Heelflips. Because your front foot is hanging off the front edge of the board, there is a tendency to hunch over and lean north. When you Ollie, you will jump north, but your board will flip in place and end up south of you. To overcome this, focus on leaning south and have your weight overtop of the board when popping up. Doing so will keep the board underneath your body through out the trick. Problem: Landing with the back foot only Solution: One footed landings are caused by lack of balance. If you are landing with your back foot on the board, and your front foot on the ground, you are still leaning forward too much.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-48________________________________________________________________________

Stay centered of the board, or even lean back just a bit and imagine doing and Ollie. Your front foot should drag, flick, and immediately come back on top of the board.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-49________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 7- The Varial Flip (180 Varial Kickflip)

Varial Flips are a lot easier than they look. They are one of the best looking flatland tricks, while also one of the easiest to master. Requirements for Learning the Varial Flip Backside Pop-Shove-it is definitely a must-know. You want to able to land reasonably high Pop Shove-its. The Kickflip, however, is optional. Although Varial Flips will come to you quicker if you can already land Kickflips, they are certainly not a requirement to learning Varial Flips.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-50________________________________________________________________________

Many skaters Ive worked with skaters who have learned Varial Flips before Kickflips! While you dont need to be able to land Kickflips with both feet, you should know how to flip the board well. Foot Positioning: Your front foot should be set up in the Kickflip position, but with a more exaggerated angle and farther south. Set up your back foot flat on the tail, as you would for a backside Pop Shove-it. You may want to move your toes more north to get more scoop and pop. Pop Pop the tail and pull south with your back foot in a scooping motion to start the spin. You don't need a huge scoop to get the spin, just enough to get 180 degrees. You want to pop hard, getting the board up in the air; otherwise the board will spin a pitiful Varial Flip on the ground. Flip

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-51________________________________________________________________________

After board has popped up and is slightly angled backside, then flick your front foot off the side of the board causing it to flip and spin at the same time. As you flick, you also want to give a tiny backside shove with your front foot, to help the board rotate. Its important that you dont pop and flick at the same time. Doing so will cause the board to stay and flip on the ground resulting in an ugly looking Varial Flip. Remember, the secret to this trick is popping first, then giving a shove to get it spinning and flipping. This will allow the board to flip and spin smoother and higher. The board will now spin and flip in a smooth motion. Experiment with the positioning of your front foot, since where your front foot is determines how the board will flip. The more angled or further south and back your front foot is, the faster the board will flip. After you flick, remember to lift your back foot up and suck up your legs, so the board may spin and flip freely. You will find that sucking up will cause the board pop up higher and stick to your feet as you land.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-52________________________________________________________________________

Landing Your front foot, after flicking out, will naturally find its way back to the board, so you do not have to worry about bringing your front foot back. Just focus on staying over your board during the flip. At first, you may have to jump forward a little to land on top of the board. After landing a few, youll find that you can make the board stay underneath you by giving the proper amount of scoop and flick. Spread your leg as you catch the board to keep balance, bend your knees and ride away. Learning the Varial Flip As I mentioned earlier, the Varial Flip can be learned at the same time as Kickflips, but youll unlock them much quicker if you can already Kickflip. When starting out, practice them rolling at a slow speed. This is another trick that youll need momentum for, so doing them stationary isnt going to cut it.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-53________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the Varial FlipProblem: Landing on the board upside down Solution: You are focusing more on the pop shove it than the Kickflip. You can fix this several ways. 1. Angle your front foot more to get a faster flip 2. Pop harder, letting the board get more air and having more time to flip 3. Suck up more to give the board more room to flip Problem: I land with one foot Solution: You're not committing. The landing feels just like a Pop Shove-it. If you can land Pop Shove-its, there is no reason you cannot land Varial Flips. As always, be as balanced as possible. Staying centered over your board will place you in the optimum position to land on the board with both feet. Problem: My board only flips half way Solution: One possible reason for a half flip is having too much of your front foot on the board as you flick. Fix this by moving your front foot south, letting more of your heel hang off the board.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-54________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 8- The Backside Flip (Backside 180 Kickflip)

The Backside Flip is something every skater should have in his bag of tricks. Watch any skaters part in any skate video and you will see some Backside Flips. It is one of the most stylish tricks out there and looks awesome down stairs and gaps. Requirements for Learning the Backside Flip You need to get your Varial Flips and backside 180s down before attempting Backside Flips. When you are able to 180 Ollie over about 2 skateboards, you are definitely ready to learn Backside Flips.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-55________________________________________________________________________

Foot Positioning Foot positioning is vital in pulling off a clean Backside Flip. Your front foot should be set up like a Kickflip- set up your front foot a couple inches behind the front bolts and angle it 45 degrees, with the heel just hanging off the board. Your back foot should be set up just like a Kickflip. You want the ball of your back foot on the center of the tail. This is crucial! Pop Give the board a good amount of pop, as you would for an 180 Ollie. Start turning your body in the backside direction as soon as you pop. You dont need much scoop for this trick since its mainly the front foot that guides the board, but you still want to get a good amount to get the full 180. Flip When you have turned about 30-40 degrees, you want to start the flick. Like the Varial Flip, you are going to slide your foot diagonally (front-south) off the board to start it flipping.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-56________________________________________________________________________

Because the board is rotating backside, away from you, you do not need a powerful flick to get the board spinning. But you do want to push your front foot a little north, to help the board rotate. Remember, you are doing this while your body is rotating backside, so its important to remain in control and over your board. The timing of the flick is tough and varies from person to person. Experiment with this step until you find a comfortable time to flick Landing The Backside Flip is caught at about 160-170 degrees, unlike the Frontside Flip, which is caught at 90 degrees and brought around. Because of this extended rotation, the catching the board will be extremely scary at first. Commit to this trick and jump with your board. As soon as you catch the board, square your shoulders to keep your balance. You need to remain centered and balanced when landing, otherwise the board will shoot out from under you and youll be served some lovely concrete for dinner.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-57________________________________________________________________________

You can keep your balance by shifting your weight to your (now) back foot as soon as you land. As you catch, stomp on the board to prevent it from flipping further. And as always, bend your knees and ride away smiling. Learning the Backside Flip Practice these on flatground first, moving at a slow speed. You will land some backside 90 degree flips at first. Dont worry, as you get more and more comfortable with the timing and rotation of the trick, you will start throwing down some clean looking Backside Flips!

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-58________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the Backside FlipProblem: The board wont spin all the way. Solution: Pop higher and get more scoop with your back foot. Problem: The board does not flip properly Solution: The flip is all due to the front foot. So you need to focus on sliding the front foot down diagonally. If the board is over flipping, adjust by moving your front foot north, and just give a nice sharp flick. If the board is only flipping half way or barely flipping at all, move your front foot south or angle it more. Problem: The board hits my legs Solution: You are not giving the board enough room to rotate and flip. Fix this by sucking up your legs.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-59________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 9- The Frontside Flip (Frontside 180 Kickflip)

When you think of Frontside Flip, a name immediately jumps to mind: Andrew Reynolds. Reynolds has the one of cleanest and best look Frontside Flips and he makes landing Frontside Flips down huge stair sets and monster gaps look effortless. Taking careful notice on the execution of this trick and practicing Frontside Flips regularly will help yours look just like Andrews! Requirements for learning the Frontside Flip: Obviously, you want to be able to frontside 180 Ollie and Kickflip. You want to get your 180s higher, since the board needs room to flip.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-60________________________________________________________________________

Foot Positioning Pay close attention to the foot positioning of this trick. It is one of the most vital aspects of the Frontside Flip and it is a good idea to focus on where you place your feet and develop good habits. Put your back foot with the ball of your foot on the southern edge of tip of the tail. This is crucial! You need the back foot to get enough scoop to rotate the entire 180, so you want a lot of heel hanging off. Place your front foot in the Kickflip position You want your front foot slightly angled (about 30-45 degrees) and a few inches behind the front bolts. Be careful that your front toes are not too close to the southern edge of the board. Because the front foot is responsible for both flipping AND rotating the board, it is important that you have most of your front foot on the board. Pop Your back foot plays a major role in this trick. You need to pop hard with your back foot, but at the same time, scoop around so you get the board to rotate 180. This scooping motion should feel the same way as the Frontside 180 Ollie. It may take a while to get used to, but stick with it and youll develop a feel for it.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-61________________________________________________________________________

Flick With your front foot, you want to slide it off diagonally (front-south direction) to start the flip. Unlike the Kickflip, in which you give a nice little flick at the end, you will need to kick out hard in order to get the board flipping properly. The front foot must be timed precisely to flip the board as it spins and rotates at the same time. There isnt much else to say about the flick. The Frontside Flip, along with other more advanced tricks, requires you to experiment around before they stick. Because this trick is done frontside, you do not have to turn your body much to complete the 180 rotation. Before popping though, turn your upper body 90 degrees frontside to prepare for the trick. Just have your torso facing forward instead of north when you start the trick. The hardest thing about this trick is getting your back foot to scoop and come around properly. The Frontside Flip is done with mostly legs and lower body. Your upper body just faces forward the whole time. Landing The Frontside Flip is caught in the air after the board rotates 90 degrees. Basically, the board flips, spins 90 degrees, you catch it,

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-62________________________________________________________________________

and bring it around the rest of the way. You need both of your feet to catch the board at the same time. Otherwise, you will have a fun time doing Ffrontside 180 splits. After you catch, shift your weight over your back foot, and stomp the board to the ground to prevent it from over flipping.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-63________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the Frontside Flip:Problem: I can't get the full 180. Solution: Get more scoop! Move your back toes more south, have only the very tip of your back foot hanging on the tail. Youll need to get lots of scoop for this trick. Keeping this tip in mind will save you hours of practice! If you position your back foot like a Kickflip, youll just land sideways. Move your toes back so you can get that extra scoop. Problem: The board hits my leg. Solution: You are not catching early enough. Aim to catch the board at 90 degrees so that you can bring it around with your legs already on it. You can fix this flicking harder. Problem: The board always lands upside down Solution: You are not flipping hard enough. To correct this problem you should move your front foot (flipping foot) further south, so less of your foot is one the board. This will help give a quicker, more efficient flip to complete the trick.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-64________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 10- The 360 Flip (Tre Flip/ 3 Flip)

Invented by Rodney Mullen in the 1970s, the 360 Flip has become the king of flatland tricks and is an instant crowd pleaser. Watch any skate video and youll see footage of Tre Flips down stairs and gaps. The trick is actually a lot easier to learn than it seems. While practicing, the main thing to focus on is the scoop. You will hear me mention that a million times in this guide, but it truly is the most important technical part of the trick! I will go into much more details later, but you want a clean, hard scoop that gets the board spinning. Add a light ankle flip and you got a stylish 360 flip! Requirements for Learning the 360 Flip

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-65________________________________________________________________________

Kickflips and Backside Pop Shove-its are must knows for learning the 360 flip. One very common misconception is you have to be able to 360 Shove-it or Varial Flip. In fact, using 360 Shove-its or Varial Flips as templates for the 360 Flip may hinder your learning of the since they each spin differently. The only real requirement is being comfortable rotating and flipping the board before attempting 360 Flips. Foot Positioning Place your front foot as you would for a Kickflip, but at a sharper angle. The exact positioning of the front foot is not that important since the front foot only flips the board and guides the rotation. The back foot is mainly responsible for the 360 degree rotation of the board. The ball of your foot should be in the northern edge of the tail, along the curvature. You may even want to hang your toe off. The reason you have your foot so far up in the top right corner is that you need a lot of scoop in order to get the board rotating 360 degrees. Pop

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-66________________________________________________________________________

With your back foot, pop hard (get the board as vertical as possible) and pull back with in a sweeping motion to get the full 360 degree rotation. This scoop is the most important part of the entire trick. Scoop the hell out of that board! You want to scoop in such a way that it feels like the board is spinning behind you. You do not want the board to spin in front of you. After popping and scooping immediately lift your back foot up so the board has room to rotate. Your back foot is what powers this trick- if you have a good amount of scoop youre all set. Flick With the front foot, just give a gentle forward flick towards the corner where the concave is to get the board flipping. Do not give a little backside shove with the front foot as you would with the Varial Flip. The front foot simply gets in the way and causes the board to flip. You do not need to worry much about exactly how to flick; just focus on the back foot scooping.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-67________________________________________________________________________

Experiment with the timing of the front foot flick with the back foot scoop until the board flips and spins smoothly. Landing Landing is the most difficult part of the 360 Flip. Everyone lands them differently so you need to discover your own style of flipping and landing. Youll want to stay over your board through out the entire trick, so lean forward a little to keep your board under you. When first learning these, notice which way the board tends to go and jump in that direction. For example, if the board lands north and back, you need to jump in that direction in order to catch the board. As you catch the board and land, you will most likely have a tendency to fall over forward. Overcome this by bending your knees and leaning back slightly. Learning the 360 Flip Though it is possible to do these stationary, its best to learn the moving. Start practicing at a slow speed until you feel completely comfortable executing the trick while rolling. At first, the board will land away from you, but just practice jumping with the board and pretty soon, youll get the flip down and can naturally stay over the board.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-68________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the 360 FlipProblem: Im always landing on the nose Solution: You need to put more power into the spin. Scoop the living daylights out of the board and make the effort to get the tail to go in front of you. Pop the board harder and try to get it vertical to get a more powerful spin. Problem: The board hits my shin Solution: You need to focus on jumping higher and sucking up after you start the trick. Make sure to lift you back foot up as soon as you scoop. Problem: The board lands away from me Solution: It will be hard to stay completely over your board when you first start learning these. Your body will soon adjust with practice, but to help you land it quicker, you can do two things: 1. Give the board more pop before you start the scoop. This means you try to get the board as vertical as you can with the pop. This motion carries the board into the air along with you, as opposed to scooping it right away and having it spin away from you. 2. Jump in the direction the board lands. This technique never fails- just jump with the board. Your landing may be a little sloppy, but at least youre close to landing it. As I

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-69________________________________________________________________________

mentioned before, over time, you no longer need to focus on jumping forward as your body will naturally adapt to the trick and keep the board under you. Problem: I land primo Solution: Landing primo means the board is either over flipping or under flipping. If the board is over flipping, you need to ease off the front foot. The front foot gives a gentle flick- not a violent kick. If the board under flips, angle it more or move it back so it provides a more efficient flick. Also be sure to suck up your legs, giving the board more room to spin and flick, so you manage to catch the board in the air. Problem: I cant get the full 360 degree rotation Solution: Since the rotation is all in the back foot there is only one way to fix this- scoop harder! Your front foot may be interfering with the spin- be sure to give nothing more than a gentle kick forward with the front foot. Remember: its all in the scoop!

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-70________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 11- The Hardflip

Hardflips are almost always every skaters goal trick. Your flatground bag of tricks wont be complete until the Hardflip is added to your arsenal. They are extremely stylish and look nice in every situation, whether you do them on flatground, down stairs or over gaps. Requirements for Learning the Hardflip Know the Frontside Shove-it, Kickflip, and Frontside Flip before learning the Hardflip. Although the Hardflip is a combination of the frontside Pop Shove-it and Kickflip, knowing the Frontside Flip will accelerate your learning of the Hardflip. Foot Placement

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-71________________________________________________________________________

Like many advanced flip tricks, your foot positioning is extremely vital to pulling off a clean Hardflip. You want to set your back foot at a 30 degree angle on the middle of the tail. Moving your back foot a little more south can help you get the board spinning the full 180. Your front foot should be 3-4 inches behind the front bolts, turned at a 50 degree angle. You want about half of your foot hanging off the board. Pop The pop of the Hardflip is the toughest part of the trick. The board will flip vertically and go through your legs. At first, it will be very scary committing to this trick, so you may want to practice on a mini deck to build your confidence. As you prepare to pop, turn your upper body to face the nose. With your back foot, you are going to scoop, not pop, the tail in a Frontside Pop Shove-it motion. This will get the board rotating frontside. Make sure you give a powerful scoop so the board completes the full spin. After scooping, lift your back foot north and up so the board has room to spin freely. Remember to jump high and suck

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-72________________________________________________________________________

up your legs, since the board needs a lot of room to flip and spin. Flick To get the board flipping, use your front foot and slide it diagonally off the board when the board has popped up about 45 degrees. Since the board is already rotating in the frontside direction, you only need a slight flick to get the board flipping. However, you need to kick your front foot out to give the board room to spin and flip. Landing Catching and landing are the toughest parts of this trick. After the board completes the flip and spin, focus on catching the board with your front foot first, to stop further flipping and spin. Then, bring down your back foot and stomp it to the ground. I have seen some skaters catch the board with their back feet first, but you need to be careful when doing this, since the board will tend to shoot out. Finally, land with your knees bent and a huge grin on your face. Learning the Hardflip

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-73________________________________________________________________________

It is best to learn the Hardflip rolling at a moderate speed. You might want to practice with a mini deck, if youre worried about popsicling yourself. Many skaters dont commit to the Hardflip since they fear getting hurt, so a smaller deck will help you overcome that.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-74________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the HardflipProblem: The board always hits my front leg Solution: The board is hitting your front leg because you are not providing enough room for it to spin and flip. Make sure you kick out your front farther. Problem: I have trouble flipping the board Solution: By this time, you should know what causes the board to flip too much or too little. Simply adjust by flicking harder or softer, or adjust your foot position. Problem: The board goes in front or behind me. Solution: If the board shoots out in front of you, you need to lean forward. Similarly, if the board ends up in back of you, you are leaning forward too much and you need to lean back more. Problem: I get popsicled when I Hardflip Solution: Ouch! First, check to make sure youre not bleeding. Then make sure you give enough scoop on your subsequent Hardflips. Not enough scoop causes the board to stop vertically in the air, putting you in a very unhealthy position. Also, jump higher and suck up your legs more to ensure the board has enough room to flip.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-75________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 12 The Backside Heelflip

There isnt really much to say about backside 180 Heelflips. They are just a combination between backside 180 Ollies and Heelflips. It requires much practice to get these down, but they are one of the best looking tricks around. Requirements for Learning Backside 180 Heelflips Obviously, youll want to know Backside 180s and Heelfips pretty well. Get your backside 180s pretty high, since you need a lot of room for the board to spin. Knowing Backside 180 Kickflips isnt crucial, but it can definitely facilitate the learning process. Foot Placement Place your front foot a little further back than you would for a normal Heelflip, and set up your back foot as you would for an

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-76________________________________________________________________________

Ollie. You may even want your back foot a little further south on the tail so it doesnt get in the way of the board flipping. Pop Give a good, hard pop to get some decent height. Because this trick spins a little slower, youll need a bigger pop. As you pop, start turning your body backside, just like a backside 180. Flick Put some weight on the heel of your front foot before you start the trick. After you pop, give a good, clean flick with your heel by dragging it towards the front northern edge of your board. The motion will feel pretty natural. Landing Catch the board after you have rotated about 90-100 degrees. Catch with your back foot first and bring the board the rest of the way with your leg. You can also give a little pivot if you cant get the full 180. The motion of this trick is remarkable similar to the Frontside Flip, since it is a mirror image of the Frontside Flip. Reread the landing tips for the Frontside Flip and apply them to this trick.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-77________________________________________________________________________

Learning the Backside 180 Heelflip Learn this trick moving at a slow speed. There is almost no way you can spin the full 180 if youre doing it stationary.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-78________________________________________________________________________

Troubleshooting the Backside 180 HeelflipProblem: I can't flip the board all the way. Solution: As always, experiment with your foot positions and try to place your feet in different places. Focus your weight on your heels, and give a quick, sharp, flick. Problem: I land one footed Solution: Either youre not committed enough to the trick, or you do not have your weight even distributed. While you want to have your weight on your heels, you dont want to be leaning forward. Stay centered over your board and keep it under you at all times.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-79________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 13- The 50-50 Grind

The 50-50 is the most basic of grinds. 50-50s set the foundations for the other grinds, and once you have them mastered, other, more advanced grinds will come to you naturally. Technique Come up to the target at a slight angle. When you get close enough, Ollie up onto the target, letting both trucks hit at the same time. Slight bend your knee as you land to keep your balance and ride out the grind.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-80________________________________________________________________________

During your grind, its important to stay centered over your board to keep your balance. If youre leaning too forward or backwards, the board can easily shoot out from you. To get off of the grind, you can do one of two things. You can simple lean back a little and lift up your nose to finish the grind. OR, if you have time, pop an Ollie to get off of the grind. Practice When first starting out, a great way to practice 50-50s is to lay down a small pole or hockey stick and practice Ollying on to that. You dont necessarily have to grind it; just get comfortable getting in the 50-50 position on top of it from different angles. Practice from both the right and left side, getting used to backside and Frontside 50-50s. Once you master that, find a nice, waxed curb to practice your 50-50s on. You need to be rolling at a moderately fast speed so you have enough momentum to grind properly, otherwise, you will just suddenly stop. When youre comfortable with curbs, you can now take your 5050s onto higher surfaces such as ledges, rails, and eventually handrails!

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-81________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 13- The 5-0 Grind

Technique Ride parallel to your target as you would for a 50-50 grind. Ollie on to the target and shift your weight on your back foot. Get into the grind with your back foot pressing on the tail, but still leaning forward so you dont slip out.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-82________________________________________________________________________

To get out of the grind, simply shift your weight back onto your front foot. Just simply pivot out of the grind and ride away. Practice Practice the 5-0 grind by rolling up to your target at a slow, comfortable speed. Pop an Ollie, shifting your weight onto your back foot as you land on top of your obstacle. Repeat this until you become comfortable Ollying into the 5-0 position. Next, roll up and 5-0 at a faster speed, but not too fast. You want to gradually increase your speed so you get a good feel for how much you should lean as you are grinding. Theres not much else to say about this trick; just practice until you can stay balanced throughout the grind.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-83________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 15- the Board Slide

Technique This is another basic trick, but unlike grinds, you will be sliding much faster. For the Frontside Board Slide, youll need to know how to Ollie in the Frontside direction. Likewise, you need to be comfortable with backside Ollies for backside Board Slides. Begin by riding toward your target a comfortable speed. Depending on whether you want to do a backside or frontside Board Slide, Ollie up 90 degrees frontside or backside. A key aspect of the Board Slide is to land into the slide balanced so the board doesnt shoot out from underneath

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-84________________________________________________________________________

you. You can accomplish this by a slight knee bend. If you are leaning back, even the slightest bit, be prepared slip! During the slide, you just need to keep your weight centered and your shoulders parallel with the board. This will be extremely easy if you land into the slide balanced. To complete the slide, do a quick 90 degree turn, either frontside or backside to get out of the slide. Practice A great way to practice Board Slides is to do them on parking blocks. When first practicing, just get comfortable with going into the slide without falling. Parking blocks are at a low height, and are very smooth, reducing the risk of injury. It is best to start off practicing on low blocks rather than rails so you wont be scared of falling and can focus on balancing your body throughout the slide. As you start to get a feel for the slide, focus on getting out of the slide until you can slide out smoothly.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-85________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 16- The Nose Grind

. The Nose Grind is another basic grind that looks great down handrails or across ledges. The toughest part of learning the Nose Grind is figuring out how to balance yourself over your front trucks as you grind. Before trying the Nose Grind, it is important to be comfortable with the 50-50 grind and the nose manual. Technique: Approach the target at a moderate speed, depending on the length of the target. The faster you go, the longer you will be able to grind for. Since the Nose Grind relies on only the front trucks, it is important to find a smooth target. You will find it extremely

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-86________________________________________________________________________

difficult to Nose Grind a ledge or curb with many cracks and gaps. Ride parallel to the object and prepare for the grind by setting your feet as you would for an Ollie. Give a good, clean pop to the tail and Ollie up. As you come down on your Ollie, you want the nose pointed down towards the target, as you would for a nose manual. Hold this position by keeping your front leg straight and bending your back leg. Put a moderate amount of pressure on your back foot to keep the board straight and prevent it from turning sideways. You want enough weight on the nose so you are locked into the grind, but you dont want the nose to drag and cause you to lose momentum. In other words, it is best if you grind solely on your front trucks, but having the nose touch a little is okay. You want your weight on the front nose, but you dont want to be leaning forward. This is where many skaters have trouble. Leaning forward will cause the board to shoot backwards and throw you forward. Instead, you want your body to be centered over your board, keeping extra pressure on the nose with your front foot. To complete the grind, simply do a small Nollie and land back on the ground.

Practice

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-87________________________________________________________________________

One of the best ways to practice the Nose Grind is to practice the nose manual, since the nose grind is basically a nose manual performed on a rail, coping, or ledge. Practice Ollying into nose manuals and holding them for at least five to ten seconds.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-88________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 17- The Crooked Grind

The Crooked Grind is an extremely good looking grind. However, before learning the Crooked Grind, you should be able to Nose Grind. Technique: Crooked Grinds are very much like nose grinds. Come up parallel to your target, with your front foot a little closer to the nose. Pop your tail and Ollie onto the target. Putting your weight on your font foot, straighten out your front foot while keeping your back leg a little bent. When your front trucks lock onto your target, push your back foot so the tail out at an angle (so that its crooked)

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-89________________________________________________________________________

Push your nose all the way down and keep your weight centered over your front trucks as youre grinding. It will take some time to learn the correct balance, but experiment with different foot placements after you get a feel for the grind. Remember you have to press the nose completely down on the target, so they are easier to balance than Nose Grinds. To get out of the grind, youll want shift your weight off the nose. Then pop a semi-Nollie out and ride away! Practice You must be rolling at a moderately fast speed in order to grind smoothly. For this reason, its a good idea to learn the Nose Grind first so you can start trying this trick moving at a quick speed.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-90________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 18- The Nose Slide

The Nose Slide is a clean looking trick thats pretty easy to learn. Before learning this trick, you should be able to frontside or backside 180 Ollie in the direction you want to Nose Slide in. Technique: Ride parallel to the target at a good, comfortable speed. When starting out, it is a good idea to try these on ledges and curbs rather than rails, since with rails, there is the possibility of leaning too much and falling over to the other side. As you approach your target, you want to set up your feet in 180 position. Have your front foot a little closer to the nose, so it can reach and press down on the nose quicker.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-91________________________________________________________________________

Pop an Ollie and shift your weight over your front foot, which should now be over your nose. Lock your nose onto the target and stay balanced throughout the slide. A good tip for balancing the Nose Slide is keeping your arms parallel to the target rather than your board. To get out of the slide, simply press down with your front foot and give a slight scoop to turn the nose of the board off of the target. Land on all four wheels and ride away. Practice A great way to practice Nose Slides is to practice olleing into nose stalls on a curb or ledge. Once you get good nose stalls by approaching straight on, practice olleing into nose stalls riding by parallel to the obstacle, so youll have to do a quick 90 degree turn. Dont worry if lose youre leaning over too much after getting into the nose stall- the important thing to focus on is shifting your weight over the nose and locking it in place.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-92________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 19- The Smith Grind

The Smith Grind is definitely a tough trick to learn. The most frustrating part of this trick is figuring out the right amount of pressure on the tail. However, once you experiment and get that down, you will be able to pull off one of the nicest looking grinds ever! Technique: Before learning the Smith Grind, it is important to be familiar with 50-50s and Lipslides as well. Knowing the 5-0 grind is not a must, but will definitely accelerate the learning of this trick. Approach your target a good speed. The faster you go, the longer youll be able to grind for. Set up your feet as you

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-93________________________________________________________________________

would for an Ollie. Some like to set up their front foot a little more toward the front. This will help you balance the grind better, since your legs are further apart. Pop up your tail and Ollie, bringing your tail towards the object, sort of like a Lipslide. Lock your back trucks onto the target, and push down with your front foot, so the middle on the deck is also touching and your front trucks are hanging below the target. Be sure to stay centered over your back truck; if youre leaning forward too much, your board just stick and youll quickly fall out of the grind. To complete the grind, simple give the tail a slight pop and land your wheels. Practice This is a hard trick to learn and will take much practice before mastering it. Start out by practice on grind rails rather than curbs or ledges. Grind rails can be scary to learn on, but its a good idea to start out by practicing on them because its much easier to learn the correct balance on them, since your board wont be as tilted as they would if you were using a ledge.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-94________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 20- The Tail Slide

The Tail Slide is a little harder than the Nose Slide, since the tail is slightly shorter, so you have a smaller sliding surface. Before learning this trick, you should be able to frontside or backside180 Ollie in the direction you want to Tail Slide in. Technique: Ride parallel to your target at a confortable speed. Like the Nose Slide, it is best to try this trick on a ledge or curb first since theyre easier to balance on. Set up as you would for a backside or frontside 180 Ollie. Pop your tail and do a quick 90 degree Ollie to get your tail locked onto the obstacle. Apply pressure to your tail and shift most of your weight over it. Again, keep your arms parallel to the obstacle so you remain balanced throughout the slide.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-95________________________________________________________________________

As you near the end of the slide, shift your weight evenly to both legs. Give a quick press with your front foot and turn out of the slide. Land on the ground and ride away! Practice Like the Nose Slide, a good way to practice the tail slide is Ollie into tail stalls. Do this by rolling parallel along a curb or ledge at a moderately slow speed. Pop an Ollie and turn 90 degrees away from the curb, locking your tail onto the curb. Be sure to shift your weight to your back foot so you remain locked onto the ledge or curb.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-96________________________________________________________________________

The 5 Most Common Skateboarding Mistakes1. Not Popping Hard Enough- This may sound like common sense, but youd be surprised how many skaters do no pop hard enough. This is because were not really consciously aware of our movements- they have become completely habituated. Strive to slam down on the tail hard as you can every single time you pop. Whether youre doing a flatground Kickflip or Ollying a 7 set, aim to pop as hard as you can every single time. Over time, your body will develop a habit of popping hard, and your tricks will be naturally higher. This is one of the most overlooked parts of skateboarding. 2. Leaning Over your Board- As you bend down to prepare for the pop, be sure to squat- do not lean over the edge of your board. This throws off your balance and leaves you with less control over your board and body. The only exception to this is when youre learning a new trick and the board is going away from you. Leaning in the opposite direction when you first learn the trick will help keep the board under your feet. As you become more and more comfortable with doing the trick, your body will naturally stop leaning and the board will stay under you without you adjusting. 3. Bending Down Too Much or Too Little- This is something I have discovered recently. I found out that bending

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-97________________________________________________________________________

down too much slows down the popping motion and, as a result, you lose height on tricks. Bending down too little doesnt give you enough power for a good clean pop. This is like bending your knees before jumping. If you bend them all the way so your butt is practically touching the ground, you wont jump very high because itll takes longer for your legs to extend, and you lose a lot of the force. If you dont bend enough, you wont be able to generate enough force to jump as high as you can. The trick is to bend the optimal amount- somewhere in the middle. Personally, I like to bend slightly more for gaps and stairs and not as much for flatground. 4. Letting a Bad Day Affect You- Everyone has bad dayseven professionals. The key is seeing past them and not letting them affect you. Skateboarding is a wonderful journey with many ups and downs. After you land a huge gap or learn a new trick, you feel like youve conquered the world. But when you have days when you get hurt or cant land anything, youll think about giving up. If youre having a bad day, make the most out of it. Read some motivational quotes if you have to. Just remember that the harder you work, the greater your rewards. 5. Skating without a Goal- In section one, we learned about the importance of goal setting and how it gives us a purpose and direction. Many skateboarders skate without really thinking about why theyre doing it and what they want to get out of it. Think about why you started skateboarding. Was it

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-98________________________________________________________________________

because your friends did it? Was it because skating is the cool thing to do? Well whatever the reason may have been, Im sure they have changed by now. You probably want to skate because it creates a sense of freedom, creativity, and thrill. Make sure you know why youre skateboarding. If youre doing it to be cool or to fit in I can bet you wont last long. Also, think about what you want to get out of skateboarding. Set goals and think about where you would like to be in 6 months, 1 year, and 5 years. Maybe you want to go pro. Maybe you want to skate a famous spot. Maybe you just want to skate for the sake of having fun. Whatever, you want, just be sure to write it down and remember it every time you skate. Of course, your goals can change over time and you are encouraged to stop every once in a while and reflect upon what you really want.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-99________________________________________________________________________

How to Get Your Tricks HigherThe main problem with executing tricks low is not enough pop. Simply put, all you have to do is pop harder. However, there are others factors that influence how much air you get. Here are some additional ways to increase the height of your tricks Sucking up- Sucking up your legs will give the board more time to stay in the air. As you drag your front foot up after you pop, the board naturally follows. Thus, if you suck in your legs, the board will have a tendency to go higher. Moving your front foot back- Moving your front foot back gives your front foot more room to drag, which naturally brings the board closer up to your body. Using more of your toe to pop- Using the toes of your back foot to pop allows you to give a sharp, quick snap, which in turns gets the board moving up faster. Having some of your heel on there gives you more balance, but at the same time, slows you down. Experiment with the back foot placement until you get a good, high pop, but still keeping balance.

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-100________________________________________________________________________

Part II: Skating to Success

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-101________________________________________________________________________

Table of ContentsSetting up for Success Making Sure you Stay Committed and Get Results How to Set your Skate Goals Goal Outline Page Success Enhancers Skate Card Visualization Success Questions Skate Progress Planner How to Defeat Frustration Closing 102 103 104 114 117 117 120 132 136 144 145

Secrets of Skateboarding 2008

-102________________________________________________________________________

Chapter 1: Setting up for SuccessGoal Setting: Guaranteeing Success Groannn! The concept of goal setting seems somewhat clich and seems totally unrelated to skateboarding. However, its hard to argue against once you consider it carefully. Strongly enough, virtually everyone agrees that goals are important, yet less than 5% of the population has one Goals give us purpose in life. They direct us in all areas of lifepersonal, career, spiritual, and material. Goals give us a reason to wake up early and go to bed late at night. They drive us to do the things we do allow us to avoid the things we do not want. In essence, goals put drive and passion in our lives. What if we dont have any goals? Then we are driving across the country without a map. We will wander around aimlessly, without any purpose or direction. Not having goals is why some skaters quit after they learn all the flatland tricks. They become disappointed