Present simple vs present continuous

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Transcript of Present simple vs present continuous

  • 1. PRESENT SIMPLE VS PRESENT CONTINUOUS Compare the present simple and continuous. 3

2. A ROUTINE VS MOMENT OFSPEAKING

  • Jamesworks for an investment magazine. Every month hewritesarticles about new investment opportunities.
  • (we are talking about something that James does as a routine)
  • Take these figures to James. He needs them for an articlehe's wrting .
  • ( we are talking about something he is doing at the moment of speaking)

3. B GENERAL ACTIVITIES VSCURRENT PROJECTS

  • 1.lwork for'Teletraining'.We maketraining videos.
  • (we are talking about a general activity)
  • At the moment we 're makinga training video for British Telecom..
  • ( we are talking about a specific current project )

4. C PERMANENT VS TEMPORARY SITUATIONS

  • 1. Peterdealswith enquiries about our carfleet sales . (this is seen as permanently true )
  • Iam dealingwith enquiries about fleet sales while Peter is away on holiday . (this is seen as a temporary situation )

5. DFACTS VS SLOW CHANGES

  • As a rule, cheap importsleadto greater competition.
  • ( we are making a statement about a general fact that is always true )
  • Cheap importsare leadingto the closure of a number of inefficient factores.
  • (we are talking about a change that is taking place at the moment )

6. STATIVE VERBS

  • There are a number of verbs which describestatesrather than actions. They are not normally used in the continuous form.

I'm sorry, I don'tunderstandwhatyou mean. 7. STATIVE VERBS

  • Verbs of thinking: believe, doubt, guess, imagine, know, realize,
  • suppose, understand
  • Verbs of the senses : hear, smell, sound, taste
  • Verbs of possession : belong to, have(meaningpossess), own, possess

They are not normally used in the continuous form These are usually found in thesimple formbecause they do not refer to actions 8. STATIVE VERBS

  • Verbs of emotion: dislike, hate, like, love, prefer, regret, want, wish
  • Verbs of appearance: appear, seem
  • Others: contain, depend on, include, involve, mean, measure, weigh, require

They are not normally used in the continuous form These are usually found in thesimpleformbecause they do not refer to actions 9. EXERCISE 4 FACTS VS SLOW CHANGES

  • A
  • Political parties cannot last for ever. Normally they(1)enjoy (enjov) a period of great popularity in their early years; then they(2)_____ (go) through a period of stability and (3) _____ (put) their ideas into practice. After that,they(4) ______(run) out of ideas, and the opposition (5) ______(take)power.
  • Now the present government(6) _____(become) old and tired.It (7)________(make) mistakes and it(8)________ (lose) popularity, and the opposition party (9)_________ (start) to look like a possible alternative .

go put run takes Is becoming Is making s losingis starting 10. B FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH THE VERBS IN THE BOX, USING THEPRESENT SIMPLE OR PRESENT CONTINUOUS .

  • In many ways, the economic outlook is good. Unemployment(1)is falling and is now down to 8% from 14%. The economy(2) _______ at a rate of 2.5%. However, the real danger is that inflation (3) _____ to rise. This is dangerous because every time that inflation (4) _____ up, people always ________ higher wages, and this in turn (6) _____ the problem worse

Is growingIs beginning togoesdemandMakesFallgrowbegingodemandmake 11. EXERCISE 5 STATIVE VERBSP UT ONE OF THE VERBS INTO THE PRESENT SIMPLEAND THE OTHER INTO THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS

  • Weare interviewing (interview) people from outside the company for the new post in the export department, but Ithink(think) we ought to give the job to Mr Jackson.
  • At the moment we ________(carry) out a survey to fnd out what sort of after-sales service our customers ________ (want).

are carrying want 12. EXERCISE 5 STATIVE VERBS

  • We've got a competition on at work to do with our new range of cosmetics. The marketing people_____ (try) to fnd a brand name that_____(sound) natural and sophisticated.
  • _____(you/know) what Mrs Ericson _____ (do)? She's not in her office and nobody has seen her since lunch.

are trying sounds Do you Know is doing 13. EXERCISE 5 STATIVE VERBS

  • Could you help me? I _____ (try) to translate this letter from aSpanish client and I don't know what this word _____ (mean).
  • I _____ (apply) for a transfer to our London office, but I dont know ifI'll be successful. It all _____ (depend) on whether or not they have any vacancies.
  • Their new 'Own brand' instant coffee _____ (taste) very good, so itsnot surprising that it _____ (become) more and more popular.

m trying means. m applying depends tastes s becoming 14. MAKE UP SENTENCES USING THE FOLLOWING PROMPTS. THEFIRST VERBSHOULD BE IN THEPRESENT SIMPLE , AND THESECONDVERB IN THEPRESENT CONTINUOS

  • 1. come from/but/live
  • I come from Austria, but at the moment
  • I'm living in Switzerland.
  • 2.speak/and/learn

IspeakSpanish and Frend andat the momentIm learningEnglish . 15. 3. NORMALLY/LIKE MY WORK/BUT/NOT ENJOY

  • 4. go on a lot of training courses/and/do a course in CAD

I normallylikemy work, butIm not enjoying it at the moment. Igoon a lot of training courses, and atthe momentIm doinga course in CAD. 16. 5.WORK FROM 9 TO 5/BUT/STAY LATE

  • 6travel alot/and/visit Australia

I usuallyworkfrom 9 to 5, butat the moment Im stayinglate. My bosstravelsa lot, and at the moment he is visiting Australia. 17.

  • HAVE SEVERAL SUBSIDIARIES INEUROPE AND/SET UP ANOTHER ONE IN BRUSSELS .
  • 8. normally/export a lot to Greece/but/not get many orders

Wehaveseveral subsidiaries in Europe, and At the moment weare settingup another oneIn Brussels. We normallyexporta lot to Greece, but we arent gettingmany orders at the moment. 18. MAKE QUESTIONS TO GO WITH THE ANSWERS. USE EITHER THE PRESENT SIMPLE ORCONTINUOUS

  • 1Where do you come from?
  • I come from a little town called Zug, near Zurich.
  • 2______________________________________
  • I'm writing to Markson's to ask for an up-to-date catalogue.
  • 3 ____________________________________
  • I think he's a consultant.

Who are you writing to? What does he do? 19. MAKE QUESTIONS TO GO WITH THE ANSWERS. USE EITHER THE PRESENT SIMPLE ORCONTINUOUS

  • 4______________
  • I usuallycycle in , but sometimes Ibringthe car.
  • 5____________________________
  • OurSalesDirectorgoesabroad about three or four times a year.
  • 6_________________________________
  • No, not at all well. In fact, the factory is doing a three-day week.

How do you get to work? How often does your Sales Director go abroad? Is business going well? 20. MAKE QUESTIONS TO GO WITH THE ANSWERS. USE EITHER THE PRESENT SIMPLE ORCONTINUOUS

  • 7._______________________
  • Yes, very well. We met in 1998.
  • 8.
  • No, not at the moment. But well start taking on new staff again in May .

Do you Know each other? Are you taking on any new staff at the moment?