Present Tenses Present Simple Present Continuous.

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Transcript of Present Tenses Present Simple Present Continuous.

Headway Unit 1

Present Tenses Present Simple Present Continuous

1 A] Present Simple

1. Form:We add -s to the third person singular! All other forms stay the same in the Present Simple:

I like we like you like you like he/she/it likes they like

Irregular forms: do/does, go/goes, have/has, can/can2For negations and questions we add do or does + infinitive:

+ I like football. + He likes football.

- I dont like football.- She doesnt like football.

?Do you like football??Does she like football?

? -Dont you like football?? -Doesnt she like football?

3Short answers are formed as follows:

Do you like football? +Yes, I do. -No, I dont.

Does he play tennis?

- No, he doesnt.+ Yes, he does.Do they eat meat?+ Yes, they do.- No, they dont.Do we have any money left?+ Yes, we do. - No, we dont.42. Spelling:After sibilants (Zischlaute) we add -es for the third person singular:

watch he watches kiss she kisses

y after a consonant forms ies in the third person singular:

try she tries cryshe cries BUT: pay she pays

Ex.: Form the third person singular of these verbs!to stopto carryto haveto seeto doto runto go

he stops she carries he has she sees he does she runs he goes

63. Use:

The Present Simple refers to

- Facts that are always true: Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.- Habits (Gewohnheiten): British people drink a lot of tea.

- States (Zustnde): I dont like gangster movies. 7Ex.: Translate!Ich spiele gerne Fussball.I like to play football.

Eis beginnt bei 1 Grad Celsius zu schmelzen (= to melt).Ice starts to melt at 1 degree Celsius.

Ich gehe montags immer ins Kino.I always go to the cinema on Mondays.

8B] Present Continuous

1. Form:

to be + verb in ing form

+I am working. -You arent swimming. ?Is she sleeping?

9Short answers:

+ Yes, she is. - No, she isnt.Is she sleeping?Are they coming?+ Yes, they are.- No, they arent.Are you listening?+ Yes, I am. - No, I am not.102. Spelling:

If the infinitive ends in a silent -e, the final -e is dropped:

hope hopingmake making

BUT: be beingsee seeing

If the infinitive ends in -ie, the ending is -ying:

die dyinglie lyingIf the infinitive ends in a stressed consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC) combination, we double the last consonant:

stop stoppingbegin beginningsit sittingswim swimming

BUT:remember rememberingvisit visiting

3. Use

The Present Continuous usually refers to unfinished actions / actions which are in progress at the moment

These can be temporary:

Im staying in a hotel until I find a flat.

They can be actually in progress:

The dog is sleeping on our bed!

Or they can be generally in progress but not actually happening at the moment:

Im learning to drive. Im studying English. 13Some verbs can not be used in the Present Continuous because they typically express habits or states.

Ex.:

believeI believe in God.understandI just dont understand math.hateI hate vegetables.believe hate know like love mean need preferrealize remember suppose understand wantEx.: Translate!Du schreibst gerade nicht.You arent writing.

Sie trumt gerade.Shes dreaming.

Arbeitet er gerade?Is he working?

Esst ihr nicht gerade zu Abend?Arent you having dinner?15 Present Simple vs. Present Continuous refers to unfinished actions / actions which are in progress. trigger words:

(right) now at the moment etc. refers to facts, habits and states trigger words:always usually (very) oftenevery dayetc.16Ex.: Translate!Mein Bruder macht (gerade) seine Hausaufgaben.My brother is doing his homework (now).

Mein Bruder macht (blicherweise) seine Hausaufgaben.My brother (usually) does his homework.

Ich nehme Franzsischstunden whrend der Ferien.Im taking French lessons during the holidays.17