Present simple & present continuous
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Present Simple & Present ContinuousDifferences
Present SimpleWe use Present Simple to express HABITS, ROUTINES AND TRUTHS
I always brush my teeth . (Habit)Joaquin plays soccer every day. (Routine)Dogs bark (Truth)
Present simple can be used with adverbs like: always, often, usually, sometimes, never, every day, every week, every year, etc
Ex. I always go to school. Ex. Robert plays football every day. Ex. She usually studies at home.
Do not forget the S ES with the third person - SHE-HE- IT
Present ContinuousWe use it to show that an action is happening now, at the moment of speakingPresent continuous can be used with words like: now; at the moment; Look!; Listen!
E.g. I am walking to school.
E.g. Listen! She is singing. E.g. Hes working at his computer now..
Form: Subject + verb TO BE +verb-ING (am/is/are)
What tense is it and why? She rarely goes to the gym. Look! My mom is driving a car. tefan and Drago always go to school by bus. I am drinking orange juice.Sometimes I do my homework after lunch.Listen! The children are singing. They are playing badminton now.
Now you try!Use each verb to make a sentence in the present simple and a sentence in the present continuous!
Example: - We usually play tennis in the afternoon. - We are playing tennis now.
Present Simple or Continuous?
He playing football.lovesis lovingloves
Peter. now.is readingreadsis reading
James his dog every morning.walksis walkingwalks
At this moment James for the bus.is waitingwaitsis waiting
She always an umbrella.carriesis carryingcarries
He with his fire truck before going to bed.playsis playingplays
Action verbs describe actions or things that happen. For example play, go, talk, move, study, etc.
State verbs describe states rather than actions. They are rarely found in continuous forms. For example want, hate, know, believe, etc.These include:
Emotionlike, dislike, adore, hate, love, needPossessionbelong, own, haveSensesee, hear, smell, feel, tasteThought and opinionsagree, disagree, believe, forget, remember, suppose, doubt, know, think, wish
Both state and actionhave have (stative) = ownI have a carhave (dynamic) = part of an expressionIm having a party / a picnic / a bath / a good time / a break
see see (stative) = see with your eyes / understandI see what you meanI see her now, shes just coming along the roadsee (dynamic) = meet / have a relationship withIm seeing Robert tomorrow
Taste(also:smell, feel,look)taste (stative) = has a certain tasteThis soup tastes greattaste (dynamic) = the action of tastingThe chef is tasting the soup
Think think (stative) = have an opinionI think that coffee is greatthink (dynamic) = consider, have in my headwhat are you thinking about? Im thinking about my next holiday
My children ____________ (like) school.
Pauline _______________ (have) lunch at the office today.
I ____________ (see) your problem.
David ______________ (see) the dentist today.
________________ (you/believe) in fairies?
Do you believe
I _____________ (think) youre right. I would have done the same thing.