Present Simple, present continuous & present perfect

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Transcript of Present Simple, present continuous & present perfect

  • 1. National Institute of Business Department of EnglishTopic: Present Simple ,present perfect & Present continuous Lecturer: BUN CHEAMPHANG Group: 1 1.SOEM SAMEANG 2.KEN THEARITH 3.YIM SONY 4.UM KIMCHANRAKSMEY Ken Thearith B10

2. Content1.Present Simple 2.Present perfect Simple 3.Present Continuous 3. PRESENT SIMPLE 4. FORM AFFIRMATIVEI / You / We / They He / She / Itread readsINTERROGATIVEDoI/ you / we /they Does he / she / itread?NEGATIVEI/ You / We / They do not He / She / It does notdon t doesntread 5. USE We use the Present Simple Tense : To describe routines. To describe habits. To describe what we frequently do. 6. IN A SENTENCE It is easy to recognize when we have to use the present simple tense, we can find some of these words : Every Adverbs of frequency (usually, often, never, ) Expressions like on Mondays, in summer 7. Adverbs and Expressions of Frequency and use present simple We often use the present simple with adverbs of frequency (always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely, seldom, hardly ever, never). The go before the main verb, but after to be. They often go out. Im always late. Expressions of frequency (every day, once a month, three times a year) usually go at the end of the sentence I have English classed twice a week. 8. To describe repeated actions or habits I get up at seven every morning. To talk about things that are always or generally true Water boils at 100o C. To describe a permanent situation or a condition with no definite start or finish but which is true now We live in London. With adverbs of frequency such as always, usually, etc. She often studies in the library. With time expressions such as every day/ week/ year, in the morning/ afternoon/ evening and at night I go to the gym once a week. To express future meaning with actions and events that are part of a fixed timetable or a schedule The train leaves at 830. 9. SPELLING RULESMost verbs take s in the third person singular. I read he reads Verbs ending in ss, sh, ch, x, and o take es I Kiss he Kisses. I brush he brushes, I teach he teaches, I fix he fixes, I go he goes Verbs ending in a consonant + y drop the y and take ies I try he tries, I fly he flies Verbs ending in a vowel + y, simple take s I buy he buys 10. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE 11. FORMS Examples: You have seen that movie many times. (affirmative) Have you seen that movie many times? (interrogative) You have not seen that movie many times. (negative) 12. STRUCTURE SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + VERB PAST PARTICIPLE + OBJECT (+) Ex: I have bought a car. Ex: She has bought a car. SUBJECT + HAVENT / HAS NOT + VERB PAST PARTICIPLE + OBJECT (-) Ex: I havent bought a car. Ex: She has not bought a car. HAVE/HAS + SUBJECT + VERB PAST PARTICIPLE + OBJECT + ? (?) Ex: have you bought a car? Ex: has she bought a car? 13. TIME EXPRESSIONS You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc. 14. USES: ACTIONS THAT STARTED IN THE PAST AND ARE STILL CONTINUING. ACTIONS WHICH HAPPENED AT SOME UNKNOWN TIME IN THE PAST (EXPERIENCE). ACTIONS WHICH HAPPENED IN THE PAST, BUT HAVE AN EFFECT IN THE PRESENT. RECENT PAST. 15. ACTIONS THAT STARTED IN THE PAST AND ARE STILL CONTINUING. When speaking about something that started in the past and has continued up until now, we use words such us FOR and SINCE. For: with a length of time. Ex: Ive lived here for five years. Since: with a starting time. Ex: Ive been a teacher since 2007. 16. ACTIONS WHICH HAPPENED AT SOME UNKNOWN TIME IN THE PAST (EXPERIENCE) You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience. It is like saying, "I have the experience of..." You can also use this tense to say that you have never had a certain experience. Ex: Joan has studied two foreign languages Ever & Never. Examples: He has never travelled by train. A: Have you ever met him?. B: No, I have not met him. 17. ACTIONS WHICH HAPPENED IN THE PAST, BUT HAVE AN EFFECT IN THE PRESENT. The action happened at some time in the past, but the effect of the action is still important now. Examples: Ive lost my keys. (still missing) Ive cut my finger and now its bleeding- (still injured) 18. RECENT PAST Recently completed actions. Key words: just, already and yet. Examples: He has JUST played football (it is over now). Have you finished yet? Ive already written the report (here it is) 19. Just We use just to express actions that happened RECENTLY. Ex: Maria has JUST finished her homework (not so long ago) Ex: It has just started to rain. 20. ALREADY We use already to express actions that have finished before the actions were expected to finish. I have already done my homework Jorge has already watched Transformers the movie. Cinthia has already read that book. 21. YET We use yet for negative and interrogative sentences. It is used to express expectations. Ex: Have you eaten sushi yet? (you expected that the other person has already eaten sushi). Ex: I havent been to Europe yet. (But I expect to go). 22. TIPS 1) We often use NEVER and EVER with the PPS to talk about experience. 2) We often use SINCE and FOR to say how long the action has lasted. 3) We often use JUST, ALREADY and YET with the PPS for a recently completed action in the past. 23. PRESENT CONTINUOUS 24. What is present continuous? The Present Continuous is mainly used to express the idea that something is happening at the moment of speaking. The Present Continuous also describes activities generally in progress. Another use of the tense is to talk about temporary actions or future plans. 25. Base formaffirmative Subject + verb to be + gerund verb + complement negative Subject + verb to be +denial +gerund verb +complement interrogative verb to be + Subject +gerund verb +complement ? 26. Form Present continuous AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEINTERROGATIVEI am playingI am not / Im not playingAm I playing?You are playingYou are not / arent playingAre you playing?He is playingHe is not / isnt playingIs he playing?She is playingShe is not / isnt playingIs she playing?It is playingIt is not / isnt playingIs it playing?We are playingWe are not / arent playingAre we playing?You are playingYou are not / arent playingAre you playing?They are playing They are not / arent playingAre they playing? 27. VERB + ing (spelling rules) 1.Most verbs add Ex: going-ing to the base form of the verb. wearing visiting eating2. Verbs that end in one -e drop the e + ing Ex: smokingcominghopingwritingBut verbs that end in ee dont drop an e . but + ing Ex: agreeingseeing3. Verbs CVC: double the last consonant + ing Ex: hop + p + ing = hopping Ex: travel + l + ing = travelling 28. But if the final consonant is y or-w, it is not doubled. Ex: playingshowing4. Verbs that end -iey + ing Ex: die = dyingEx: lie = lying 29. PRESENT CONTINUOUS USE 1) Actions happening at the moment of speakingEx: Peter is reading a book now. 2) Fixed plan in the near futureEx: She is going to Phnom penh on Saturday. 3) Temporary actionsEx: His father is working in Rome this month. 30. 4) Actions happening around the moment of speaking (longer actions) Ex:My friend is preparing for his exams. 5) TrendsEx:More and more people are using their computers listen to music. 6) Repeated actions which are irritating to the speaker (with always, constantly, forever) Ex:Andrew is always coming late. 31. What are they doing? He is playing baseball.I am skiing. 32. He IS DANCING hip hop now.He IS PLAYING tennis at the moment.The dog is having a bath. 33. The girl is eating a banana.The boy is drinking water.He is listening to the music. 34. He is washing his teeth.They are fishing in the river.The man is watching TV. 35. The baby is laughing.He is cooking chicken.They are dancing right now. 36. References Basic Grammar book. IDE 37. Question time?The End