Cubism Lecture

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Stacey and Katie's Slideshow on Cubism. Mr. Read's 3rd hour

Transcript of Cubism Lecture

  • 1. CUBISM Katie Reily Stacey Klonowski Girl with Mandolin 1910 - Picasso
  • 2. Science and Art
    • Science was rapidly changing
    • Old notions of matter, time, and space are shattered
    • Albert Einstein, Max Planck, and Neils Bohr introduced a new theory of the atom
      • Bohr introduced Quantum theory
        • Everything is broken down into a quanta of energy.
      • Einstein introduced Special Theory of Relativity
        • Changed three dimensional space
  • 3. What is Cubism?
    • First abstract art style
    • Used simple shapes
    • Ignored color in beginning
    • Lacks elements of light, atmosphere, and space
    • Gave depth and richness to painting
    • Overlapping Fragments
    • Reality of objects in space, reality of flat painted surface
  • 4. Accordionist Picasso 1911
  • 5. What is Cubism? Continued
    • Disregard physical laws of nature.
    • Spatial relationships without traditional perspective
    • Light and shade not used to convey depth
    • Figures broken down into jagged planes of color
    • Figures broken down into more than one location in space.
    • Two major phases: analytical and synthetic
  • 6. Violin and Pitcher Braque 1910
  • 7. How did Cubism get its name?
    • Cubism got its name from remarks from the painter Henri Matisse and critic Louis Vauxcelles.
    • They saw Braques work "Houses at L'Estaque" and mocked it saying everything is broken down into cubes.
  • 8. Cubism Influence
    • Post Impressionism Gauguin greatly influence Pablo Picasso
    • Impressionist Cezanne greatly influenced George Braque
    • African Influence greatly influenced Picassos early works
    • Direct reaction to Fauvism
  • 9. African Influence African Mask 1900 Three Women Picasso 1908
  • 10. Gauguin Influence Mandolina with Flowers Gauguin 1883 Composition with Skull Picasso 1907
  • 11. Cezanne Influence Monte Sainte-Victoire 1904 Cezanne Fishing Boats 1909 Braque
  • 12. Analytic Cubism (1909-1911)
    • First Cubism phase
    • Monochromatic colors (tans, browns, grays, creams, greens, blues)
    • Based on reducing natural forms to basic geometrical parts.
    • Focused more on intellect than emotion
  • 13. Synthetic Cubism (1912-1919)
    • Grew out of analytical
    • Wider use of color
    • Wider use of materials
    • Papier Colle introduced
      • Type of collage
    • Appealing and easier to interpret
    • Less intricate
    • Added substances like sand to paint to make it appear thicker
  • 14. Analytic vs. Synthetic
    • Based on intellect
    • Monochromatic color palette
    • Reduce object to basic geometric shapes
    • Linear construction
    • Less intricate
    • More color
    • More appealing
    • Collage
    • Objects less recognizable
    • Less shading
    • Added substance to paint
  • 15. Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)
    • Spanish painter and sculptor
    • Took the sculpture approach which lead to creation of Cubism
    • Stated forms and volumes in basic simplicity
  • 16. 1907 - Picasso Les Demoiselles dAvignon
  • 17. The Guitar Player 1910 Picasso
  • 18. Ma Jolie (Woman with Zither or Guitar) 1911 Picasso
  • 19. Girl with Mandolin 1910 - Picasso
  • 20. Glass and Bottle of Suze Picasso 1912
  • 21. Woman in an Arm Chair 1913 Picasso
  • 22. Still-life with Fruit-dish on a table 1915 Picasso
  • 23. George Braque (1882-1963)
    • French painter
    • Saw solid reality of objects
    • Impressionist, Fauvist, then Cubist
    • Painted mainly scenery
    • Introduced faux bois. (The appearance of stenciling in his paintings)
  • 24. Fruit Dish 1909 Braque
  • 25. Bottle and Fishes 1910 Braque
  • 26. Violin and Candlestick 1910 Braque
  • 27. Bottle, newspaper, pipe, and glass 1913 Braque
  • 28. Fruit Dish, Ace of Clubs 1913 Braque
  • 29. Still Life on a Table: Gillete 1914 Braque
  • 30. Braque and Picasso
    • Worked together until end of synthetic cubism
    • Thought more about forging language of cubism than about aesthetic value of subject.
    • Common concern for accurate representation of reality
    • Always relied on intuition
    • Limited role of light
    • Reduced palette to neutral range of grays
    • Work could not be differentiated in early Cubism
    • Braque and Picasso split in 1914 at the start of WWI
  • 31. Man with Guitar 1911 Braque Ma Jolie 1911 Picasso
  • 32. Juan Gris (1887-1927)
    • Spanish painter
    • Six years younger than Braque and Picasso
    • Mostly synthetic cubism
    • Used bright colors unlike Braque and Picasso
    • Also known as a True Cubist
  • 33. Portr