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  • 1. Cubism November 2012

2. Pablo Picasso and George Braque George BraquePablo Picasso Inspired by Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso and George Braque developed the Cubist style in Paris between 1907 and 1914 together. 3. http://artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/cubism.htm PAUL CZANNE (1839-1906) 'Bibemus Quarry', 1895 Czanne abandoned perspective drawing and traditional realism. He saw painting as construction and arrangement of colour on a two-dimensional surface. It was this flat abstract approach that appealed to the Cubists and their early paintings. 4. In Cubism, subjects are reduced to basic geometrical shapes. Cezanne's doctrine of "Every thing in nature takes it's form from the sphere, cone or cylinder. defined cubism. PICASSO Factory, Horta de Ebbo 1909 http://artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/cubism.htm 5. Primitive Cubism, 1907/1908 There are three basic types of cubism Analytical Cubism, 1907/1912 Synthetic Cubism. 1913/1920s Pablo Picasso, Woman with a Fan, 1907-1908 http://www.hermitage.nl/en/tentoonstellingen/matisse_tot_malevich/hoogtepunten.htm http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/cubism/ Portrait of Ambroise Vollard, Picasso (1910) http://www.galilean-library.org/site/index.php/page/index.html/_/essays/art/the- roots-of-modern-art-part-7-picasso-i-r15 Glass and Bottle of Suze 6. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon of 1907 truly introduced Cubism as a modern art movement. Picasso was greatly interested in primitive statues and sculptures, which he showed in his work immediately preceding the Les Demoiselles. Notice his use of the primitive African masks on the right. http://www.angelfire.com/co/artgeometry/ Primitive cubism 1907 / 1908 7. Analytical Cubism 1908 / 1912 In the analytic phase (190712) the cubist palette was severely limited, largely to black, browns, greys, and off-whites. Forms were rigidly geometric and compositions were subtle and intricate. The idea being to break down an image into its many angles and views, as if to "analyse" them in all their possible forms. 8. http://www.dailyartfixx.com/tag/georges-braque/ 9. Girl with a Mandolin (1910) Pablo PicassoPortrait of Ambroise Vollard (1910) Picasso http://www.artchive.com/artchive/P/picasso_analyticalcubism.html 10. Synthetic Cubism 1912 / 1919 Synthetic Cubism developed through a construction process rather than the analytical process such as collage. It was seen as the first time that collage had been made as a fine art work. The first work of this new style was Picasso's Still Life with Chair-caning (1911-1912), which includes oil cloth pasted on the canvas. 11. Pablo Picasso, Still Life with Chair Caning, 1911 http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/cubism.html 12. Picasso, Bottle and Wine Glass on a Table, 1912 Georges Braque, "Fruit Dish and Glass" 1912 http://johntimmons.com/art103/?tag=orphism http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/49.70.33 13. Glass, Bottle and Journal 1912 Charcoal and faux-bois wallpaper on paper, 48 x 62 cm Notice how Colour is stuck on, line or shading is drawn in charcoal. The glued-on imitation wood wallpaper is an authentic illusion, as it were, hence a witty response to the call for more realism in art. 14. http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=78630 Three Musicians Fontainebleau, summer 1921 In contrast to Analytic Cubism, Synthetic Cubism is arrived at through a construction process rather than an intellectual breaking down of forms found in the real world such as cylinders, spheres, and cones. Synthetic Cubism is more decorative and experimental in nature than Analytic Cubism. http://www.artrevived.com/blogs/art-revived- blog/1132992-the-story-behind-picassos- three-musicians 15. Acknowledgements Art Associates Maria Moore Margaret OShea Local Facilitator Team Aine Andrews Joe Caslin Jane Campbell Siobhan Campbell Niamh ODonoghue Niamh ONeill Keith ORahilly Sheena McKeon Tony Morrissey Monica White Many thanks to the following for their invaluable contribution to the European Art History and Appreciation series of workshops and resource materials. PDST Professional Development Service for Teachers 16. PDST Professional Development Service for Teachers The PDST is funded by the Department of Education and Skills under the National Development Plan 2007 - 2013 Cultural & Environmental Education Professional Development Service for Teachers (PDST) Dublin West Education Centre, Old Blessington Road, Tallaght, Dublin 24 National Co-ordinator Conor Harrison Mobile: 087 240 5710 E-mail: conorharrison@pdst.ie Administrator Angie Grogan Tel: 014528018 Fax: 014528010 E-mail: angiegrogan@pdst.ie.