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Transcript of Cubism 111
Cubism was a 20th century avant-garde art movement, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture.In cubist artworks, objects are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled in an abstracted forminstead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.Often the surfaces intersect at seemingly random angles, removing a coherent sense of depth. The background and object planes interpenetrate one another to create the shallow ambiguous space, one of cubism's distinct characteristics.
A direct link between Cubist Art and Cubist Architecture does not exist. However both share the same characteristic of dealing with geometrical shapes and forms. Often Cubist Artists painted abstract objects, as dissected geometrical shapes. Often buildings, based on Cubist principles, are designed as geometrical interlocking shapes or quite simply as a single geometrical shape.
Each of the buildings has a basic geometrical design, often a cuboids shape. Simplicity is often an overriding characteristic.Modern materials have been used, often materials not normally used in the construction of buildings.The buildings have sharp, clean lines, ensuring that the building is viewed in perspective with ease.The windows have a cube / rectangular form and do not necessarily line up with each other, as in traditional / conventional buildings
Le CorbusierJosef HoffmanWalter Gropius
He was a Swiss-born architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter. His career spanned 8 decades, with his buildings constructed throughout central Europe, India, Russia, and one each in North and South America.
Situated at Poissy, outside of Paris.The pilotis, or ground-level supporting columns, elevate the building from the damp earth allowing the garden to flow beneath. Horizontal windows provide even illumination and ventilation. The freely-designed facade, unconstrained by load-bearing considerations, consists of a thin skin of wall and windows.
A flat roof terrace reclaims the area of the building site for domestic purposes, including a garden area. The free plan, made possible by the elimination of load-bearing walls, consists of partitions placed where they are needed without regard for those on adjoining levels.
VIEWSChandigarh Assembly Hall
The shell does not terminate in a horizontal but in an oblique section which shall receive a metallic framework (aluminum). This framework will become a veritable physical laboratory destined to ensure the interplay of natural lighting, artificial lighting, ventilation and acoustic-electronic mechanisms. One of the interesting point is the adoption of a circular form for the hall which seems contrary to the development of good acoustics. The Assembly Hall is made in a hyperbolic shell with an average thickness of 15 cm, constant throughout its surface, resulting in a very low cost and a minimum of weight.
Josef Hoffmann was an Austrian architect and designer of consumer goods.Hoffmann studied at the Higher State Crafts School in Brno.
Four green figures at top by sculptures,& other craft work inside the building.It contain commissioned paintings by Gustav Klimt in dinning room.Marble clad facade.
He was a German architect and founder of Bauhaus who along with Marcel Breuer, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture.
Sir Banister Fletcher's a history of architecture. Twentieth century architecture: a visual historyStory of architectureDissertation: cubism by Priyanka JoshiHistory of artswww.wikipedia.comwww.artyfactory.comAnswers.com