CUBISM. CUBISM Cubism Cubism was an art movement in France that lasted from 1908 to 1918 and beyond....

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Transcript of CUBISM. CUBISM Cubism Cubism was an art movement in France that lasted from 1908 to 1918 and beyond....

  • CUBISM

  • CUBISMCubism was an art movement in France that lasted from 1908 to 1918 and beyond.It was started by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque.

  • CUBISMAt the beginning of the 20th century, Braque and Picasso were not interested in showing traditional realismillusionismby using realistic perspective as had been done in the past.Meditation, 1885 William Bouguereau

  • CUBISMBraque and Picasso were influenced by Paul Cezanne, Rocky Landscape, 1887 Paul Cezannewho simplified natural forms into spheres, cylinders, cubes, and cones . . .

  • CUBISMnew scientific ideas about time and space, like Albert Einsteins theories of relativity. . .

  • CUBISMand multiple images and flat perspective of photography.Running Full Speed, 1887 Eadweard Muybridge

  • CUBISMThey were also influenced by the recent importation to Europe of African masks.Nuna Buffalo Mask

  • CUBISMCubists wanted to show objects as geometric shapes (like Cezanne), Little Harbor, 1909 Georges Braque

  • CUBISMfrom different angles at the same time (like scientific ideas about time and space at the beginning of the 20th century) . . .Woman with a Guitar, 1913 Pablo Picasso

  • CUBISMand scenes as flat (like photography).Woman Seated, 1908 Pablo Picasso

  • CUBISMCan you see the influence of African masks in Picassos Les Demoiselles dAvignon?

  • CUBISMCubism developed and changed over time: the first phase was Analytic Cubism. It is sometimes called Facet Cubism because the subject and surrounding space is broken into facets, or pieces of separate surfaces (like a cut diamond).

  • CUBISMAmbroise Vollard, painted in 1910 by Pablo Picasso, is an example of Analytic Cubism.Do you see the facets?

  • CUBISMPortrait of Picasso, 1912 Juan Gris (Spain)This is Portrait of Picasso by Juan Gris.

  • CUBISMWhile Analytic Cubism took forms apart, the next phase of CubismSynthetic Cubismput forms together using collage and assemblage, which created questions about whats illusion and whats real.Still Life with Glass, Dice, Newspaper and Playing Card, 1913 Georges Braque

  • CUBISMPicasso, Braque, and others continued to explore the ideas of Cubism. Synthetic Cubism included the addition of stenciling and lettering, and used vibrant colors, instead of the dark, limited color palette of Analytic Cubism. Still Life with a Poem, 1915 Juan Gris

  • CUBISMWhat ideas do you see in this untitled work from 1915 by Picasso?Insert picture here

  • CUBISMCubism influenced many artists from all over the world . . .The Traveler, 1915 Liubov Popova (Russia)

  • CUBISMStreet: Near the Palace, 1915 Lyonel Feininger (USA)

  • CUBISMCubism influenced a new movement in Italy called Futurism. Unique Forms of Continuity, 1913 Umberto BoccioniDo you see Cubisms influence?

  • What do you need to know about Cubism?

  • CUBISMWho: Picasso, Braque, GrisWhat: Cubism (Analytic Cubism & Synthetic Cubism)When: 1908 1918 and beyondWhere: France; later in Europe, Russia, and USAWhy: To reject traditional perspective and explore ideas of time and spaceshow portraits, still life, and landscape from several angles at once; explore boundaries of illusion and whats realHow: By breaking up the picture plane into facets, using geometric shapes, adding lettering, constructing collage and assemblage

  • Test Yourself: CUBISMWho: Picasso, Braque, GrisWhat: Cubism (Analytic Cubism & Synthetic Cubism)When: 1908 1918 and beyondWhere: France; later in Europe, Russia, and USAWhy: To reject traditional perspective and explore ideas of time and spaceshow portraits, still life, and landscape from several angles at once; explore boundaries of illusion and whats realHow: By breaking up the picture plane into facets, using geometric shapes, adding lettering, constructing collage and assemblage