Surface anatomy of abdomen

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  • Surface anatomy of abdomen

    Prepared by: Zariifard n

  • Abdominal cavity

  • Muscle

  • Rectus abdominis

  • Semilunar line

  • ASIS-R9

  • Midinguinal point

  • Midpoint of inguinal ligament

  • 1cm

  • Umbilicus

  • Portal hypertension in cirrhosis results from increased flow resistanceThe four clinical consequences:AscitesFormation of porto-systemic shuntsCongestive splenomegalyHepatic EncephalopathyParaumbilical v

  • Stria gravidarium

  • Lines or planes

  • L3 infant

  • 4r

  • Abdominal regions

  • Palpable organ

  • Liver

  • 1cm

    1cm1cm4-5cm

    8th ribXiphisternal j5R

    6-12cm

    4-8cm

  • 1.psd

  • Biopsy(8-9)

  • 4-5cm

    2cm5cmGall bladder(5-103)

  • *

  • Spleen(1357911)3-4cm

    *

  • hilum

  • 2cm5cm3cm

  • 1.2cm1.2cm2.5cmPancreas(12-15cm)

  • 2cm1cm

  • 3cm

    10cm

  • Stomach

  • 1.2cm2cm2cm2.5cm

  • 2.psd

  • Duodenum

  • 2.5cm

    5cm7.5cm1.2cm

  • 2.5cm

    5cm7.5cm2.5cm10cm

    1.2cm

  • Jejunum&ilium

    3.psd

  • Root of mesentry2.5cm1cm

  • Ileocecal valveCaecum(L5&S1)Intertubercular plane1-2cm

  • 5cm

  • 2-3cminterspinous

  • Relationship of the Kidneys to Vertebra and Ribs

    1263

  • Upper poleT11L1L3L3-L4Lower polehilum122.5cm

  • Upper poleT11

    L3

    Lower polehilum

    9.5cm

    2.5cm

  • 5cm4cmUreter

  • Upper poleL1

    L3

    Lower polehilum

    5cm

    2cm skin dimple

  • Urolithiasis:

  • T12-L1(135 cm)

    5cm

  • Abdominal aorta:10cm

  • 2.5cm1.5cm1.5cmT12

  • 1cm1.5cmCeliac trunk:T12

  • 1cm1.5cmSplenic artery:15-18cm

  • 2.5m1.5cmLeft gastric artery

  • 1cmSuperior mesentric artery

  • 4cmInf mesentric artery4cm

  • 4cmRenal artery4cm

  • Gonadal artery3.5cm

  • 1-1.5 cmCommon&external iliac artery

  • 4 cminternal iliac artery

  • 3-3.5cm

  • 2.5 cmCommon&external iliac vein

  • 2.5 cmIVCR62.5cm

  • 2cm5cm2cm2cm

  • Dermatomes of abdomen

  • Referred Pain

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  • Thank YouFor your attention

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