Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids

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Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids Edited by EDWARD D. PALIK Naval Research Laboratory Washington, D.C. ACADEMIC PRESS, INC. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers Boston San Diego New York London Sydney Tokyo Toronto

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Transcript of Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids

Edited by
ACADEMIC PRESS, INC. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers
Boston San Diego New York London Sydney Tokyo Toronto
Contents
Chapter 1 Introductory Remarks EDWARD D. PAUK
I. Introduction II. The Chapters
III. The Critiques IV. The Tables V. The Figures of the Tables
VI. General Remarks References
Chapter 2 Basic Parameters for Measuring Optical Properties ROY F. POTTER
I. Introduction II. Intrinsic Material Parameters in Terms of Optical Constants
III. Reflectance, Transmittance, and Absorptance of Layered Structures
IV. The General Lamelliform—Phase Coherency Throughout V. The General Lamelliform—Phase Incoherency in Substrate
VI. Summary Appendix A. Basic Formulas for Fresnel Coefficients Appendix B. General Formulas for the Case of a Parallel-Sided Slab Appendix Reflectance, RJk aij-k Interface Appendix D. Reflectance of Single Layer on Each Side of a Slab and Single
Layer on Either Side of a Slab Appendix E. Critical Angle of Incidence
Definition of Terms References
11
26 30 33 34
Chapter 3 Dispersion Theory, Sum Rules, and Their Application to the Analysis of Optical Data D. Y. SMITH
I. Introduction II. Optical Sum Rules and Their Physical Interpretation
35
VIII Contents
III. Finite-Energy Sum Rules IV. Sum Rules for Reflection Spectroscopy V. Analysis of Optical Data and Sum-Rule Applications
VI. Summary References
45 51 55 64 64
Chapter 4 Measurement of Optical Constants in the Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectral Region
W. R. HUNTER
III. Reflectance Method for Two Media References
69
Chapter 5 The Accurate Determination of Optical Properties by Ellipsometry
D. E. ASPNES
III. Accurate Determination of Optical Properties: Overlayer Effects IV. Living with Overlayers V. Eliminating Overlayers
VI. Bulk and Thin-Film Effects; Effective-Medium Theory VII. Conclusion
References
89
Chapter 6 Interferometric Methods for the Determination of Thin-Film Parameters
JOSEPH SHAMIR
III. Nonlaser Interferometers IV. Kösters-Prism Interferometers V. A Self-Calibrating Method
VI. Surface Effects VII. Conclusions
References
113
P. A. TEMPLE
III. Wedged-Film Laser Calorimetry IV. Electric-Field Considerations in Laser Calorimetry V. Entrance versus Exit Surface Films
135
Contents ix
149 153
I. Introduction II. Fourier Transform Spectroscopy
III. Free-Space Resonant Cavity IV. Mach-Zehnder Interferometer V. Direct Birefringence Measurement
VI. Overmoded Nonresonant Cavity VII. Crystal Quartz as Index Reference
VIII. Conclusion References
Chapter 9
i. .
in. IV.
The Quantum Extension of the Drude-Zener Theory in Polar Semiconductors B. JENSEN
Introduction Quantum Theory of Free-Carrier Absorption Theoretical Results Comparison with Experimental Data Appendix References
169
Chapter 10 Interband Absorption—Mechanisms and Interpretation DAVID W. LYNCH
I. Introduction II. One-Electron Model
III. Electron-Hole Interaction, Excitons IV. Local Field Effects V. Examples
References General References
189 190 198 203 204 210 211
Chapter 11 Optical Properties of Nonmetallic Solids for Photon Energies below the Fundamental Band Gap SHASHANKA S. MITRA
I. Introduction II. Infrared Dispersion by Polar Crystals
III. Kramers-Kronig Dispersion Relations IV. Determination of Absorption Coefficient
in the Intermediate Region V. Absorption Coefficient in the Transparent Regime
VI. Multiphonon Absorption
Contents
VII. Infrared Absorption by Defects and Disorders VIII. Infrared Dispersion by Plasmons
References
in.
IV.
vi.
VII.
VIII.
IX.
XI.
XII.
Comments on the Optical Constants of Metals and an Introduction to the Data for Several Metals DAVID W. LYNCH AND W. R. HUNTER
Introduction Anomalous Skin Effect References Copper (Cu) References Gold (Au) References Iridium (Ir) References Molybdenum (Mo) References Nickel (Ni) References Osmium (Os) References Platinum (Pt) References Rhodium (Rh) References Silver (Ag) References Tungsten (W) References
275
275 277 279 280 280 286 287 296 296 303 304 313 314 324 324 333 334 342 342 350 351 357 358
The Optical Properties of Metallic Aluminum D. Y. SMITH, E. SHILES, AND MITIO INOKUTI
I. General Features II. Optical Measurements and Sample Conditions
III. Tabulated Data References
409
References
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References
References
References 589
References 602
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Silicon Dioxide (Si02), Type a (Crystalline) 719 H. R. PHILIPP
References 721
References 752
References 766
References 772
Sodium Chloride (NaCI) 775 J. E. ELDRIDGE AND EDWARD D. PAUK
References 779
References 798