TKT Unit 19
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Unit 19: Identifying different components of a lesson planBy Porntip Bodeepongse
A lesson plan is like . an instruction leaflet a photograph a story a road map a computer programme a series of road sign a written summary
Why plan?Help Ts to think through what Ss will
achieve in the lesson Provide framework for organizing ideas, methodology, materials, etc. Help Ts to know where they are going and how they are going to get there Helps make the lesson coherent Being prepared boost Ts confidence Help Ts to adapt to different classes
Why plan?Helps to identify any problems or
difficulties which may arise during the lesson Avoids over-domination of coursebooks Demonstrates to learners that teachers know what they are doing Developmentala learning document for teachers to reflect on their teaching A plan can link the lesson explicitly to syllabus objectives
A lesson planis a set of notes that help us to think
through what we are going to teach and how we are going to teach it. also guides us during and after the lesson. We can identify the most important components of a lesson plan by thinking about what and how we want to teach it.Now do the Review: Stages of a lesson plan
The main components of a lesson plan show us what the lesson is for (the
aims) and what the teacher and the learners will do during the lesson and how they will do it (the procedures). So a lesson plan is most like a road map or a series of road signs, sth. that shows us where we are going and how we are going to get there.
Ways a lesson plan helps you
Before the lesson
down the aims and procedures for each stage helps us to make sure that we have planned the best possible sequence to enable us to achieve those aims.
During the lesson
plan can also help the teacher to check timingthe amount of time we plan for each stageand to check that the lesson is following the sequence we decided on.
After the lesson
We can keep the plan as a record
of what happened, making changes necessary to show how the lesson was different from the plan. We can then use the plan and notes to help plan the next lesson. (the plan = a photograph, story or summary giving us a record of the lesson)
A lesson plan can include Level and number of learnerswho
we are planning the lesson for Timetable fithow the lesson is connected to the last lesson or the next one Main aimswhat we want learners to learn or to be able to do by the end of the lesson
Subsidiary aimsother things we
want learners to be able to do during the lesson because they lead to the main aim Personal aimsaspects of our own teaching we want to develop or improve Assumptionswhat we think learners already know or can already do related to the aims
Anticipated language problemsthings
that learners may find difficult Possible solutionsaction we will take to deal with the anticipated problems Teaching aids, materials, equipment--useful reminders of things to take to the lesson Procedurestasks and activities for each stage
Timinglength of time needed for
each stage Interaction patternsways in which learners work at each stage, i.e. individually, in pairs, in groups, as a whole class Homeworkwhat learners are assigned to do as an extension or revision activity
Key conceptsWhen we make lesson plans, we need to
ask ourselves how the procedures we have planned will help to achieve our aims and to make sure there are strong connections between different stages. stages We also need to consider variety, i.e. variety how we can use different activity types, language skills and interaction patterns. All learners need different activities.
During the lesson we should teach the
learners, not the lesson plan! We must be prepared, if necessary, to change our plan while we are teaching. We must be aware of what we are changing and why. We can include variationssome variations different possibilities in a lesson plan, e.g. an extra activity to use if learners take less time than expected to complete a task, an easier activity for low achievers, etc.