The French Revolution Objective: Describe the French Revolution.

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Transcript of The French Revolution Objective: Describe the French Revolution.

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The French Revolution Objective: Describe the French Revolution. Slide 2 France Slide 3 What were the social classes before the revolution? First Estate (clergy) -.5% of people Owned 10% of land, paid 2% tax Slide 4 What were the main social classes before the revolution? Second Estate (rich nobles) 1.5 % of people Owned 20% of land, paid almost no tax Slide 5 What were the main social classes before the revolution? Third Estate (everyone else) 98 % of people. Three levels: (A) Bourgeoisie; (B) Middle level workers/laborers; (C) Peasants Slide 6 Frances Estates (Social Classes) Slide 7 Quick Write (2min) What problems might arise out of Frances Three Estates system? Slide 8 Quick Write Answers Bourgeoi$ie thought they should have more rights and $tatus Enlightenment thinkers had reached the third estate (books, etc.) The American Revolution was a successful role model of the people fighting opression Slide 9 What was France like before the Revolution? Frances economy was failing Too many taxes Too many people & food shortages (due to bad weather) Irresponsible government spending France financed the American Revolution (France, Great Brittan = Rivals) Spending on themselves Louis XVI wanted to pass tax laws Slide 10 What was the Estates-General? King Louis XVI called the Estates-General to solve the economic crisis. All three estates met in Versailles, France Slide 11 What happened at the Estates- General? Each estate received on vote, even though the Third Estate had the most people Estate 1 & 2 knew they could out vote 3 Slide 12 What happened at the Estates- General? King Louis XVI kept the same system after the objections of the Third Estate Slide 13 Reactions If you were living in France at this time, what would your reaction be if you were a member of the first two estates? What would your reaction be if you were a member of the third estate? Slide 14 How did French citizens react to the Kings actions at the Estate-General? The Third Estate met to write a new Constitution and declared itself the new National Assembly Tennis Court Oath Slide 15 How did French citizens react to the Kings actions at the Estate-General? The Third Estate met to write a new Constitution and declared itself the new National Assembly Tennis Court Oath In Paris, workers stormed the Bastille (royal armory and prison) Slide 16 Storming of the Bastille Slide 17 Slide 18 Slide 19 How did French citizens react to the Kings actions at the Estate-General? The Third Estate met to write a new Constitution and declared itself the new National Assembly Tennis Court Oath In Paris, workers stormed the Bastille (royal armory and prison) Riots took place in villages all over France Slide 20 What did the new National Assembly do? August 26, 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen all men are born with their right to life and liberty equality under the law Slide 21 What did the new National Assembly do? A new French Constitution was written that allowed the King to keep power (at first) Slide 22 How did the Paris Commune turn the revolution violent? Paris Commune = angry citizens protesting food shortages and Frances loss of war to Austria and Prussia Slide 23 How did the Paris Commune turn the revolution violent? Members of the Commune gain power in the National Assembly 1792 Assembly removes King from power and sentences him and his wife, Marie Antoinette, to death Slide 24 Guillotine Slide 25 King Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette Slide 26 How did the Paris Commune turn the revolution violent? Reign of Terror = Maximilien Robespierre and 11 other members of the Assembly kill 40,000 people Slide 27 How did the Paris Commune turn the revolution violent? After 2 years of terror, the Assembly removes Robespierre of power and is executed Slide 28 How did France react after the Reign of Terror? There were 3 groups of people Slide 29 How did France react after the Reign of Terror? There were 3 groups of people some wanted the monarchy back Slide 30 How did France react after the Reign of Terror? There were 3 groups of people some wanted the monarchy back some were supporters of Robespierre and wanted to continue the executions Slide 31 How did France react after the Reign of Terror? There were 3 groups of people some wanted the monarchy back some were supporters of Robespierre and wanted to continue the executions some were supporters of the French military Slide 32 How did France react after the Reign of Terror? General Napoleon Bonaparte takes all control of the government in 1799 Slide 33 Summary