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French Revolution by Julia García Mosquera

Transcript of French revolution

  • 1. French RevolutionJulia Garca Mosquera

2. Reasons In the 1700s, France was the culturalcapital of Europe. King Louis XIV was the most powerfulking in Europe; After his death in1715, Louis XV and Louis XVIcontinued to rule France as absolutemonarchs. Political and economic problems led tothe French Revolution in 1789. 3. King Louis XVI Louis XVI became the heir to the throneand the last Bourbon king of Franceupon his fathers death in 1765. In 1770,he married Austrian archduchess MarieAntoinette. After a slew of governingmissteps, Louis brought the FrenchRevolution crashing down upong himself. In 1793 he was executed. He was introverted, shy and indecisive, alover of solitary pleasures such asreading and metalwork. 4. Marie Antoniette In 1768, Louis XV dispatched a tutor to Austriato instruct his grandson's future wife. The tutorfound Marie Antoinette "more intelligent thanhas been generally supposed," but added "sheis rather lazy and extremely frivolous." MarieAntoinette was a child of only 14 years. In May1770, she set out for France to be married. Louis XV died in 1774, and Louis-Augustesucceeded him to the French throne as LouisXVI, making Marie Antoinette, at 19 years old,queen of France. She was vivacious, outgoing and bold, a socialgirl who loved gambling, partying andextravagant fashions. 5. Frances unequal socialhierarchy The clergy of the Roman CatholicChurch made up the FIRST ESTATE. Rich nobles made up the SECONDESTATE. 97% of the population and includedpoor peasants but also the well-educatedmiddle class made up theTHIRD ESTATE. 6. First Estate The first estate was made of less than1% of the population in France. In The Income of Paid in Taxes theyhad to pay 2%. 7. Second Estate The Second Estate was made of 2%of the population in France. In the Income of Paid in Taxes theydidnt have to pay nothing (0%). 8. Third Estate The Third estate was made of 97% ofthe population in France. In the Income of Paid in Taxes theyhad to pay 50%. 9. Crisis By 1789, France was out of money and faceda serious financial crisis. Louis XVI called anemergency meeting of the Estates-Generalwhere members from all 3 classes couldadvise the king. During the Estates, the Firstand Second Estates voted to increase taxeson the Third Estate.The First and Second Estates decided to voteby order, 1 vote per estate, rather than byperson.These decisions angered the members of theThird Estate who believed their rights werebeing violated. 10. National Assembly The Third Estate formed a newNational Assembly to make laws forthe French people. In 1789, the National Assembly sworeto a Tennis Court Oath promising anew constitution and limitations on thekings power. 11. National Assembly The National Assembly wrote theirrevolutionary ideals in the Declarationof the Rights of Man and of the Citizenwhich said that men are born free andequal in rights. Rights include; liberty, property,security and resistance to oppression. 12. National Assembly