Socio-Ecological Indicators & Planning Process Indicators 696 Socio- Ecological Indicators

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Transcript of Socio-Ecological Indicators & Planning Process Indicators 696 Socio- Ecological Indicators

  • Socio-Ecological Indicators & Planning Process IndicatorsSocio-Ecological Indicators

  • Socio-Ecological Indicators & Planning Process IndicatorsSocio-Ecological IndicatorsPlanning Process Indicators

  • In what ways can Backcasting from Sustainability Principles (a strategic and whole systems perspective) inform the design of community indicators?

  • What did we do?Formulated an Indicator Design Process

    Implemented the process to develop a set of indicators to track a communitys planning process

  • Indicator Design ProcessSuccess CriteriaDistinctNecessarySufficientConcrete GeneralCurrent RealityIndicator BrainstormEvaluate Indicators

  • Implementation Community PlanningExpert PanelInternational Institute for Sustainable DevelopmentThe Natural Step - CanadaFederation of Canadian MunicipalitiesTown of CochraneSustainability consultant

  • The planning process must ... apply Backcasting from the Sustainability Principles have committed leadership be participatory be iterative and adaptive be efficient and timely be transparentImplementation Success Criteria:

  • Implementation Current Reality Gaps

    Community engagement?Departmental segregationReactionary initiativesShared understandingLack of strategyFew sustainability policies

  • Implementation Brainstorming & Evaluating IndicatorsAverage level of public satisfaction in quality of participation activities in the past year. (1-5: not satisfied to very satisfied)

  • Framework for Strategic Sustainable DevelopmentGeneric Model for Indicator DesignSustainable Community Planning

    6 Success Criteria 18 Process Indicators

  • Final ResultsIndicator design process for various projectsAn outline of an ideal planning processSet of Indicators to track a planning process

  • Next Steps Canadian Sustainability Indicators Network Sept 30 Publication Further Research: Testing Success Criteria and PPIs Tracking PPIs links to SEIs Testing indicator design process outside of community context

  • Validity Who can use this?

    Indicator Design Process?Success Criteria & Indicators?

  • Questions?

  • How does this relate to sustainability practitioners and community change agents?

  • Conclusion

    Justification Our researchHow it relates to youWe gotta keep score when we do this; we have to be honest. And we have to be relaxed about the fact that not everything we do will work.Itll be a terrible thing if we get three years down the road and people say, oh, you inflated your progress, you didnt keep score.Bill Clinton, USGBC Greenbuild Conference, 2007

  • Thank You!RESOURCES:

    Researchers Email [email protected] Leadership towards Sustainability http://www.bth.se/tmslm Natural Step Canada www.naturalstep.caWhistler 2020 www.whistler2020.ca

    Sustainable Development Indicators: Proposals for a Way Forward, Lzl Pintr, Peter Hardi, and Peter BartelmusThe Natural Step for Communities, Sarah James and Torbjorn Lahti

  • 2008 The Natural StepInternational NGOScientific approachHolistic, generic frameworkStrategic advice & educationLeadership and role modelsInnovative tools and servicesNetworks & partnerships

    The Natural Step

    Slide 13 Socio Ecological s. Planning ProcessIndicators we are used to Socio EcThousands out there to choose fromWent up North to learn from the BestFragmented, loose steam,Need to monitor the planning process itself. Shifted upstream at PPIs!

    Slide 13 Socio Ecological s. Planning ProcessIndicators we are used to Socio EcThousands out there to choose fromWent up North to learn from the BestFragmented, loose steam,Need to monitor the planning process itself. Shifted upstream at PPIs!

    *Slide 4 Research Question

    To answer this need, we structured our research question in this manner:oIn what ways can Backcasting from Sustainability Principles (a strategic and whole systems perspective) inform the design of community indicators?We chose to focus on communities, as this is an area that interests us and we recognized a need in this sector.

    *Slide 5 - What did we do?

    To answer this question, we first formulated a process for Indicator Design, which incorporates the Backcasting approach.Then we applied our Indicator Design Process to develop a universal set of indicators that can be used by communities to monitor their planning processes.

    *Slide 6 - 1st we Formulated the Indicator Design Process

    A generic indicator design process that can be applied in any circumstance where indicators are needed. This can include small-scale projects, such as stream restoration, or large-scale projects, such as community planning.Success Criteria oDevelop a vision that is contained within the SPs and break the vision down into clear Success Criteria. Useful Success Criteria must be Distinct, Necessary, Sufficient, Concrete, and General.Current Reality oBackcasting from the success criteria, factors are identified that affect the ability of the project from meeting its success criteria. A SWOT analysis is useful to do this and can highlight the gaps that may require monitoring.Indicator Brainstorm oOnce we know the gaps, a list of indicators can be brainstormed that can track movement towards compliance with the Success Criteria. oGet those creative juices flowing! Nothing is criticized..freeing participants from the constraints of today.Evaluate Indicators oThe list of brainstormed indicators must be evaluated to ensure the most relevant and realistic indicators are selected. oTo do this, we provide a comprehensive list of evaluation criteria compiled from various sources (such as Bellagio Principles, Donalla Meadows, and others). This list is extensive, but a few examplesIndicators must be: Measurable and feasiblecomparableaccessible and affordableunderstandableparticipatory

    *Slide 7 Tree

    This shows how all aspects are related. Using the Success Criteria as the roots, they provide the structure.Indicators as the details which may change with the seasons, depending on their relevanceetc.The Planning Process holds it all together.

    Transition to implementation*Looking further into answering the question of what we did in our research, as Karen said, were now going to look at how we implemented the Indicator Design Process within the context of community planning - I.e. to track and monitor the success of planning processes within communities. We set out to develop an example set of process indicators, which we believed would help communities ensure more successful outcome indicators or Socio-Ecological indicators as they carried out their plans. We conducted this stage of our research hand in hand with an Expert Panel composed of individuals from various organizations, including the International Institute for Sustainable Development, TNS Canada, the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, the Town of Cochrane, and a private sustainability consultant.*Successes and failures are communicated. Reporting is honest, frequent, an thorough.*SWOT analysis to look at strengths and weaknesses, but gaps are highlighted that may need monitoring: Current gaps in Community Planning: An overall lack of community engagement throughout the process - so that the general public does not feel ownership over the process to determine where the community is heading. Generally a lack of whole-systems thinking (departmental segregation ) - where people within municipal departments, for example, are not talking to each other. A tendency for problem solving to be reactionary - where band-aid solutions are applied in response to social and environmental issues within communities. I.E> Threats associated with unpredictable political and market states (increased regulations, insurance costs, etc). Current Gaps in the Application of Sustainability in Community Planning: General lack of shared understanding of sustainability - which significantly weakens links in the planning chain because people do not have the a shared language. Lack of strategy to move communities toward sustainability - so that great ideas may be lost like water out of a leaky bucket. Few policies exist that institutionalize and ensure a strategic sustainable community planning process is occurring.

    [www.thoughttheater.com/LeakyBucket.jpgwww.lrqa.se/.../images/broken%20chain.jpgwww.asifa-hollywood.org/pics/dontbeleftout.gifLiving in cube-isolation? (Romeo Gacad/AFP/Getty Images)britishexpats.com/.../health/health-bandaid.jpg]

    Finally, along with our expert panel, we brainstormed a list of potential indicators for each Success Criteria - an arduous process of wracking our brains to find how we might ascribe quantitative measurements to something as abstract as transparency. We then needed to step back and look at our ideas, see if they captured a whole-systems perspective and dive back into brainstorming again. Next we evaluated these indicators against the ideal indicator characteristics mentioned earlier by Karen. We ranked them on a scale of 0 - 2 which helped us see their relationship between one another. This was helpful bcs it helped us see the strengths and weaknesses of our indicators. Again, these indicators serve primarily as examples for the types of process indicators that could be applied in community planning. To give you a taste of the indicators we designed: To meet the Success Criteria that states the planning process must apply backcasting from Sustainability Principles: Percent of staff that have completed new sustainability training (at a minimum, based on backcasting and the Sustainability Principles) in the last year. To meet the Success Criteria that states the planning process must be participatory: Av