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    ByRajat KumarSonkar

    CSJMA1200139020

    An Overview Of A!" #!nte$rate% O&'ite ()antAn% Stora$e

    *!O(S+

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    GAIL - a' Aut,ority of !n%ia "imite%.

    It was establish in 1-t,of Au$u't .198/

    On)y a' a'e% (etro,emia) om)e4 in Northern India.

    It spreads over 585 6a, located near Auraiya, about 100 kms

    from anpur in !ttar "radesh.

    GAIL #India$ Limited, is India%s &a'ship Natural Gas compan(,

    inte'ratin' all aspects of the Natural Gas value chain #includin'74)oration # (ro%ution. (roe''in$. ran'mi''ion.

    i'triution an% Marketin$$ and its related services

    !ses clean industrial fuel i.e. "ean :atura) a'.

    "roduces "ol(mers #6(7 # ""(7$ and e)tracts Li*uid

    +(drocarbons #"(. (roane etc$ from Natural Gas.

    GAIL 'ot MA6ARA:A status on 1 . /01, b( 'overnment

    of INIA.

    Aout A!" !:!A

    2

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    GAIL covers its main portion in #+23$ 6a;ira

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    /

    6a;iraujarat

    =ijaiurM(

    Ja$%i'ur?(

    A!"(ata

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    A colorless, hi'hl( &ammable substance that is ami)ture of 'aseous h(drocarbons, occurrin'naturall( beneath the surface of the earth, oftenwith or near petroleum deposits.

    It is widel( used as a fuel in domestic purpose and5

    :atura) a'

    COM(OS!!O: MO"@

    91 7/

    +/?

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    -

    -

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    (RO?CSOA!"

    Sr:o.

    (ro%utSetion

    Caaity (roe'' "ien'e% y

    1 LL" @+" ?win'"lant

    /,10,000 :"A ?clairtechsolutionpol(meriBation

    :Cs Nova9hemicals, 9anada

    / +" !nit 1,00,000 :"A 9D ?lurr(basedpol(meriBationprocesses

    :Cs :itsui9hemicals, 3apan

    L"G !nit 1.< ::"A ractionation :Cs n'ineers IndiaL, India

    < "ropane 81,000 "A ractionation :Cs n'ineers IndiaL, India

    > "entane 1=,000 "A ractionation :Cs n'ineers IndiaL, India

    >

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    8/268 I5"?

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    I5"@? is dedicated-

    or uninterrute% 'u)yof utilities like air,Nitro'en, water, power and steam

    or rovi%in$ u&er 'tokfor the survival ofupstream and downstream plantsor e&etive ro%ut. tran'fer an% %i'at,or wa'te water treatment before disposal

    9

    !O(S !ntro%ution

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    ollowin' units are included in the I5"@?E

    1 Cryo$eni Air Searation An% :itro$en()ant

    2 C2 C3 Stora$e

    3 )are 'y'tem

    . emineralisation plant

    =. 9oolin' water treatment plant

    8. "ower plant

    7. astewater treatment plant

    10

    ?nit' Of !O(S

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    Cryo$eni Air

    SearationAn%:itro$en ()ant

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    Nitro'en in GAIL, "ata is 'enerall( used for purposeslike initia) ur$in$ out. %ryin$ out. neumationveyin$ an% )anketin$. et.

    Nitro'en is manufactured b( the process offrationa) %i'ti))ation of air.

    As per the speciHcation of nitro'en, it' e4trationfrom t,e air i' aom)i',e% at very )owtemerature'.

    12

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    arm Setion

    Air from amosphere

    ouble Air ilter

    Femoves dust particles

    ?ta'e 9ompressorFeduce pressure to 7.6 bars

    :oisture ?eparatorFemoves water

    Fefri'erant !nitreon // @ reon 1

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    armSetion

    Air rom :oisture ?eparator

    A%'orer Re$enerator

    :olecular ?eive

    95/ removal

    Activated Alumina+/5 removal

    Gas heater

    rom heat e)chan

    Impure nitro'en

    o e)pansion rake t

    Adsorption phase 1>Fe'eneration phase

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    Co)% Setion

    istillation

    9olumn==

    Aluminium

    tra(s

    +eat)chan'er

    rom Adsorber

    e'enerator

    )pansion brake turbine

    Impure Li*uid nitro'en-1/09

    Li*uid separator

    Li*uid pure nitro'en

    Impure Li*uidLess nitro'en

    "i ui% :itro

    ?ervice Air

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    C2 C3Stora$e

    1>

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    he 9/ 9 comes throu'h a 7J line from the L"Gplant for stora'e at 5Ksite in +orton ?phere.

    i'ht spheres each of 18=8mcapacit( #1> :diameter$ have been provided for this stora'e. hisstora'e capacit( is e*uivalent to da(s production of9/9.

    9/ 9 will be stored at a temerature of

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    19

    6orton S,ere

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    +orton sphere is a spherical pressure vessel, whichis used for stora'e of compressed 'ases such as"ropane, L"G, utane in a li*uid "hase.

    Advanta'e 5f +orton ?phere

    As the h(drocarbon are stored in li*uid phaseunder pressure. +(drocarbon are hi'hl( &ammable,so there should be no leaka'e. ,e ',ere %oe'not ,ave any weak oint eau'e ofane))ation of re''ure w,i, i' omin$ froma)) t,e art of ',ere.

    Sma))er 'urfae area er unit vo)ume t,anany ot,er ',ae of ve''e). ?o the *uantit( ofheat transferred from surroundin's to the li*uid in

    the sphere, will be less than that for c(lindrical or20

    6orton S,ere

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    Main )are Sy'tem

    21

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    lares allow for the safe, eKective disposal of 'ases b(actin' as relief device when plant must *uickl( dispose ofproducts within its s(stem to prevent overpressurisation

    and potential e)plosions.

    lare s(stem is desi'ned to burn all the times throu'h thedischar'es from pressure relief s(stems and 'ases fromdepressuriBin' of e*uipment.

    Impacts on oK site E1. Li'htClames/. ?moke

    . Noise

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    23

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    2/

    a'e' to Eare %i&erent'etion of )ant

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    9ontent from librar( of GAIL #INIA$ Ltd, "ata.

    www.ikipedia.or'CwikiCGAIL

    www.'ail.nic.in

    "rocess low ?heets from I5"? epartment, GAIL,"ata.

    25

    Referene'

    http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAILhttp://www.gail.nic.in/http://www.gail.nic.in/http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAIL
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    hank ou

    2-