Logistics for the Insertion of Fuel Ethanol · TANKER FLEET 51 Tankers ~ 2.5 million dwt CRUDE OIL...

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  • Logistics for the Insertion of Fuel EthanolProduced in Brazil into the Global Market

  • SUMMARY

    • Introducing PETROBRAS TRANSPORTE – TRANSPETRO

    • Installations / Logistics - PETROBRAS/TRANSPETRO

    • Fuel Ethanol

    • Fuel Ethanol Logistics - PETROBRAS Project

  • Who is Transpetro?A 100% PETROBRAS Company

  • TRANSPETRO was constituted by Law 9478 (August 06th, 1997)

    “PETROBRAS will have to constitute a subsidiarywith the specific assignment of constructing andoperating its pipelines, terminals and vessels in

    order to transport crude oil, its products andnatural gas. It is allowed to this subsidiary to

    associate with other companies.”

    Petrobras Transporte -TRANSPETRO

  • PETROBRAS TRANSPORTE S.A.TRANSPETRO

    • Products Handled:– Crude Oil, Oil Products, Fuel Ethanol, Chemicals and Natural Gas

    • Tank Farm Terminals: 20

    • Marine Terminals: 24

    • Pipeline: about 10,000 km (7,000 Km Liquid / 3,000 Km Gas)

    • Tankage: about 10 million m3

    • Tanker Fleet : 51

    • Employees: 2.455

  • TANKER FLEET

    51 TANKERS

  • TANKER FLEET

    51 Tankers ~ 2.5 million dwt

    CRUDE OIL ! 84 150.000 2000/2001 - Abroad2 134.000 1979/1981 - Brasil2 91.000 1985 - Brasil

    CRUDE & HEAVY PRODUCTS ! 101 55.000 1996 - Brasil1 45.000 1996 - Brasil2 30.500 1989/1990 - Brasil3 19.000 1986 - Brasil3 19.000 1989/1990 - Brasil

    HEAVY & LIGHT PRODUCTS ! 7 3 66.000 1989/1990 - Brasil2 55.000 1991/1993 - Brasil2 44.000 1993/1994 – Brasil

    LIGHT PRODUCTS ! 18 3 44.500 1993/1996 - Brasil2 44.000 1993/1996 - Brasil2 44.500 1996/1997 - Brasil3 29.000 1991/1993 - Brasil8 18.000 1980/1983 - Brasil

    LPG ! 6 3 8.000 kl 1987 - Abroad3 6.000 kl 1981/1982 - Abroad

    FSO ! 21 131.000 1977 - Brasil1 29.000 1975 - Brasil

    Nr. dwt BUILDING DATA Nr. dwt BUILDING DATA

  • Terminals

    24 Marine Terminals 24 Marine Terminals 20 Tank Farm Terminals20 Tank Farm Terminals

    592 Storage Tanks592 Storage Tanks10,180,000 m310,180,000 m3

  • Pipelines

    PipelinesPipelines10,000 km10,000 km

  • TRANSPETRO IN BRAZIL – OVERVIEW

  • Ethanol

  • 1931

    1940

    1974

    1928

    Ethanol – BRAZIL - History

  • ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAIN

    Production

    Sugarcane

    Mill / Distillery

    Production

  • ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAIN

    Raw Material Supply

  • ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAIN

    Mill

  • ROAD

    RETAILMARKET

    DISTILLERY

    DISTRIBUTION TERMINALS

    PRIMARYTERMINALS

    ROAD

    ROADTRAIN

    PIPELINE

    ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAINDistribution

  • Road Transportation

    ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAIN

  • Primary Terminal

    ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAIN

  • Truck Tank Loading

    ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAIN

  • Distribution Terminal

    ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAIN

  • Rail Shipment

    ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAIN

  • Blending System

    GasolineGasoline(75%)(75%)

    AnhydrousAnhydrousEthanolEthanol(25%)(25%)

    ETHANOL SUPPLY CHAIN

  • FLEX-2006

  • Flex Fuel Vehicles (FFV)

    At this moment: 7 brands and 60 models.

  • ParatiParati

    FoxFox

    SaveiroSaveiro

    PolOPolO

    KombiKombi

    CROSSFOXCROSSFOXGolGol

    PolOPolO SedanSedan Volkswagen

    17 Models

    GolfGolf

  • 0

    500

    1000

    1500

    2000

    2500

    3000

    1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014gasoline ethanol flex diesel

    Thousands of Cars

    Trend of Car Sales

    Ethanol Growth Trend

  • FFV Market Share

    0

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    jan/

    03

    mar

    /03

    may

    /03

    jul/0

    3

    sep/

    03

    nov/

    03

    jan/

    04

    mar

    /04

    may

    /04

    jul/0

    4

    sep/

    04

    nov/

    04

    jan/

    05

    mar

    /05

    may

    /05

    jul/0

    5

    sep/

    05

    nov/

    05

    jan/

    06

    Gasoline Flex Fuel Ethanol

    January 2003 to February 2006FF

    V In

    trod

    ucin

    g

    76,6%

    19,3%

    OCT.- 2006

    77,1%

  • 8000

    10000

    12000

    14000

    16000

    18000

    20000

    22000

    1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014

    Gasoline Ethanol

    Thousands m3

    5,7Ethanol 1,4Gasoline

    Growth rate in the Domestic Market2004/2015 (% / year )

    Ethanol Growth Trend

  • Ethanol Fuel in Other Countries

    Countries Already Using:– Brazil (E-25 and E-100); – USA (E-10 and E-85) – Sweden (E-5 and E-85);– Thailand (E-10);– Australia (E-10);– Canada (E-10);– China (E-10);– Colombia (E-10); – Peru (E-10); – South Africa (E-5 and E-10);– Paraguay (E-7);– India (E-5);

    Countries Studying :– Argentina;– Cuba;– England;– France;– Germany;– Japan;– New Zeeland;– Philippines;– Russia;– Swiss;– Uruguay.

  • Ethanol: Strategic Motivation - Brazil

    • Growth prospects for the use of ethanol as a fuel, on worldwide scale, for socioeconomic, strategic and environmental reasons.

    • High Brazilian potential to be an ethanol exporter.

    • PETROBRAS/TRANSPETRO excellence in the movement of ethanol in Brazil, due to its experience with Proalcool (more than 30 years ).

    • Availability of logistics infrastructure using pipelines, marine terminals and large tankers, allowing greater competitiveness for its export.

  • Ethanol: General Comments

    • Increase of ethanol production in Brazil – Above the local market demand: NO

    • Flex-fuel Technology / Gasoline x Ethanol / Brazil : YES

    • Excess of gasoline in Brazil : YES

    • Increase of ethanol production in the U.S. -> Lack of corn in the international market : YES

    • International demand pushed by the international legislation : YES / NO

    • High volume of Brazilian export by 2010 : NO

  • PETROBRAS

    •PETROBRAS/TRANSPETRO has extensive experience in pipelines, marine terminals and handling fuel products, including fuel ethanol.

    •Our company has been handling ethanol for the last 30 years. No other company in the world has such a profile.

    •We have already solved technical problems as: Water, Corrosion, Interfaces, Quality Control, etc.

  • Fuel Ethanol Exportation

    • Large Marine Terminals ! More Competitiveness

    • Large Storage Capacity ! Regular Supplying

    • Pipelines Transportation ! Reduce Logistic Costs

    • Large Ethanol Vessels (300.000 dwt) ! Ethanol Exports

    • Marine Terminals Worldwide ! Ethanol Exports

    PETROBRASPETROBRASINFRASTRUCTUREINFRASTRUCTURE

  • Brazil Fuel Ethanol Production:Present Situation

    Regions: Center plus Southern (90% Vol – Production)Regions: Northern plus Northeastern (10% Vol – Production)

    62%3%

    8%

    1%2%

    5%4%

    5%

    4%2%2%

    1%1%

    Maceió55.000 dwt

    130.000 dwtIlha D’Água

    Paranaguá 40.000 dwtSantos

    Vitória

    Temporary with small vessels – Future only for Chemical ethanol

    São Sebastião300.000 dwt

  • Brazil Fuel Ethanol Production:Future Situation

    Regions: Center plus Southern (89% Vol – Production)Regions: Northern plus Northeastern (11% Vol – Production)Source: Única / UDOP / Datagro – Crop 02/03

    62%

    3%

    8%

    1%2%

    5%4%

    5%4%

    2%2%

    1%1%

    Maceió55.000 dwt

    130.000 dwtIlha D’Água

    Paranaguá40.000 dwt

    Santos

    Vitória

    Temporary with small vessels – Future only for Chemical ethanol

    São Sebastião300.000 dwt

    ProductionIncrease

  • P < 1 M. m³/year1 < P < 2 M. m³/year2 < P < 3 M. m³/yearP > 3 M. m³/year

    (*) average for the next 10 years

    Productive Sites and Logistics Planning(Waterways and Pipelines)

    pipelinewaterway

    São Sebastião

    Terminal

    Ilha Dagua

    Terminal

    PAULINIA

    HUB

  • Ethanol PETROBRAS Project

    CenterBrazil

    Paulínia

    São SebastiãoSão Paulo

    GuararemaIlha Dagua

    Rio de Janeiro

    WaterwayTiete-Parana

    153 km 372 km

    Existing Pipelines

    New PipelinesNew Pipelines

  • Ethanol PETROBRAS Project

    10”10”10”

    16”16”16”

    8”8”8” 16”16”16”

  • Ethanol Exportation Corridor

    • 5 phases:– Phase 0 : Existing pipeline facilities - Revamping– Phase A: Pipeline from Paulinia to Guararema Terminal– Phase B: Pipeline linking waterway to PETROBRAS pipeline system– Phase C: Pipeline from Uberaba to Paulínea– Phase D: Pipelines from Senador Candedo to Uberaba and from

    Guararema to São Sebastião Terminal.

    INVESTIMENTS: US$ 1,2 Billion

    PETROBRAS Project

  • Rio de Janeiro(Refinery )153 km 372 km

    Present Pipeline System

    PaulíniaRefinery

    Ilha D’ÁguaTerminal

    GuararemaTerminal

    15 k

    m

    Existing facilities revampingExisting facilities revamping

  • Ethanol Exportation Corridor

    Existing Facilities

    3.600.000

    1.440.000

    600.000

    Capacity m³/year

    New Pumps at Replan+ 1 adapted tank at Guararema and

    + 1 adapted tank at TECAM

    Pump and +1 adapted tank at Guararema

    By-pass Guararema

    conditions

    0-C

    0-B

    0-A

    PHASE

  • Ethanol Plant

    TECAM

    REPLAN

    Guararema

    Existing facilities revampingExisting facilities revamping

    RP-18

    REDUC

    OSRIO 16”TABG

    PP / PS

    Rib. Preto

    3.600.000

    1.440.000600.000

    Capacity m³/year

    New Pumps at Replan+ 1 adapted tank at

    Guararema and + 1 adapted tank at TECAM

    Pump and +1 adapted tank at Guararema

    By-pass Guararema

    Conditions

    0-C

    0-B0-A

    Phase

    12”

    Phase 0A

    Vessels up to 100.000 m³

    Phase 0B

    ExistingPumps

    New Pumps

    Phase 0C

    Phase 0C

    Phase 0C

  • “REPLAN - Ilha D’Água”PIPELINE:

    CAPACITY ! 4 million m3/year

    A

    Ethanol Exportation Corridors

    New PipelineA

  • TIETÊ WATERWAY PIPELINE:

    CAPACITY ! 4 million m3/year

    B

    Ethanol Exportation Corridors

    New PipelineB

  • BARRA BONITA - 1973

    IBITINGA - 1986

    BARIRI - 1968

    PROMISSÃO - 1986

    CANAL LOCK WATERWAY TIETÊ-PARANÁ

  • NOVA AVANHANDAVA - 1991

    JUPIÁ - 1998

    TRÊS IRMÃOS - 1994

    PORTO PRIMAVERA - 1999

    CANAL LOCK WATERWAY TIETÊ-PARANÁ

  • PEREIRA BARRETO

    BARIRI (M. Esq.)

    IGARAÇU DO TIETÊ

    BARIRI (Margem Direita)P. BARRETO

    ARTIFICIAL CANALS WATERWAY TIETÊ-PARANÁ

  • SARTCO-ADM DIAMANTE-COSAN

    QUINTELLA EPN-TORQUE

    BARGES

  • “UBERABA-RIBEIRÃO PRETO - REPLAN” PIPELINE:

    CAPACITY ! 6 million m3/year

    C

    Ethanol Exportation Corridors

    New PipelineC

  • Ethanol Exportation Corridors

    New Pipeline

    New Pipeline

    D

    D

    “SEN.CANEDO - UBERABA” and“GUARAREMA – SÃO SEBASTIÃO”

    PIPELINES:

    CAPACITY ! 2 - 4 million m3/year

    D

  • Ethanol Exportation Corridors

    • Transport Capacity

    – Short term : 1,2 million m³/ year

    – As from 2010: 4 - 5 million m³/ year

    – After 2012: 8 million m³/ year

  • Logistics INFRASTRUTURE

    SOUTH REGION

    :: State of Paraná ::

    Paranaguá Marine Terminal

    BRAZIL

  • Fuel Ethanol Exporting:Paranaguá Marine Terminal

    REPAR(Refinery)

    PARANAGUÁ(Terminal)

    2008: +30.000 m3

    EXPORTING CAPACITY:

    2006: 360,000 m3/year2008: 720,000 m3/year

    35.000 / 40.000 dwt

    2008: +10.000 m3

    Pipeline(100km)

  • Logistics INFRASTRUTURE

    NORTHEASTERN REGION

    :: State of Alagoas ::

    Maceió Marine TerminalBRAZIL

  • Fuel Ethanol Exporting:Maceió Marine Terminal

    55.000 dwt

    2006: 30.000 m³2008: 40.000 m³

    ETHANOL CAPACITY:720,000 m3/year

  • Fuel Ethanol Exportation CapacityPETROBRAS PROJECT

    " 2007 ! 2 million m3 / year

    # Southeastern Region ! 1.2 million m3 / year

    # Southern Region ! 0.4 million m3 / year# Northeastern ! 0.4 million m3 / year

    " 2009/2011 ! 5 million m3 / year

    " 2012 ! 12 million m3 / year

  • Competitive production

    Global Market

    Efficient permanent transport with technological

    evolution

    Fuel Ethanol

    Produced in BrazilOverseas Terminals

    Pipelines

    Waterway

    Terminals

    Tankers

  • Vessels Fleet (Preliminary)Vessels Fleet (Preliminary)

    46%47%80%55%47%% Transported volumes – Optimist Market

    97%92%89%88%100%% Transported volumes - Base Market

    3333252.000MR42180.000Panamax

    Needed Numbers of VesselsCap. (m³)Ship Class

    3.3952.3001.6021.100850Transported volumes (millions m³)

    7.4004.9002.0002.0001.800Optimist Market (millions m³)

    3.5002.5001.8001.250850Base Market (millions m³)

    20112010200920082007YEAR

  • Overseas TerminalsOverseas Terminals

    China

    Caribbean

    Japan

    Europe

  • We are already prepared to export 2,0 million m3/year of Fuel Ethanol according to

    ASTM - D 4806 Standard

    Fuel Ethanol Exportation

  • Logistics is integration and sharing

  • Marcelino Guedes Gomes

    e.mail: [email protected]

    Thank you!