Implementation of best practices to reduce NRW in the · PDF file KPI 2013 2017 NRW m3/day...

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    29-Jul-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    1
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Implementation of best practices to reduce NRW in the · PDF file KPI 2013 2017 NRW m3/day...

  • Implementation of best practices to

    reduce NRW in the Bahamas

    Sofia Kanellopoulou NRW Specialist

  • The Bahamas

    • 700 islands and over 2,000 rocks and cays

    • Population 380,000 • Capital: Nassau, New

    Providence

  • NASSAU, NEW PROVIDENCE

    ▪ Population: approx. 280,000 (70%)

    ▪ Area: 207 km2 (34 km x 11 km)

    ▪ Highest Elevation: 98 feet, approx. 30 m

    ▪ Water Supply Network: 1300 km

    ▪ Active Customers: 45,000

  • Water Supply Situation in New Providence (The Bahamas) up to 2012:

    ▪ Over 90% of the water came from desalination plants

    ▪ NRW 58% (31,000 m3/day)

    ▪ Average water price: $2.7 per m3 compared to $0.3 per m3 in the U.S)

    ▪ For almost three decades Water & Sewerage Corporation (WSC) was coping with increasing levels of water losses.

    ▪ WSC realized that a long term comprehensive approach should be taken.

  • Project Overview

    10 years Performance Based Project (2012-2021):

    holistic approach (design, implementation, and maintenance)

    to deliver the results and to ensure maintaining the efficiency of the water network for the long term.

    Project size: USD83 Million (USD51M financed by the IDB)

  • TARGETS:

    ▪ To Reduce NRW to 2.5 MIGD (11,360 m3/day) by end of year 5 & To Increase average system pressure to 25 psi (1.72 bar)

    ▪ To Reduce NRW to 2.0 MIGD (9,090 m3/day) by end of year 7

    ▪ To Maintain NRW at 2 MIGD (9,090 m3/day) until the end of the project

  • Strategy and action plan with respect to:

    Project outline Baseline Survey

    Data gathering, economical analysis, testing and surveys

    Water Balance & NRW reduction Strategy Plan

    Leak detection and

    repair

    DMA & Pressure

    Management

    Infrastructure replacement

    Commercial losses (Illegal connections,

    Meters)

    NRW management

    software (NETBASE)

  • Baseline Survey

    ▪ 2011 NRW 29,990 m3/day:

    – Significantly higher than the RFP (22,720 m3/day) - 2009

    – average system pressure also higher – 24.6 psi (1.70 bar)

    – N1 (pressure/leakage exponent) – 0.9

    ▪ 2013 NRW 31,220 m3/day (2012 water balance data)

    – average system pressure also higher–25.1 psi (1.73 bar)

    – N1 (pressure/leakage exponent) – 0.9

  • Components of NRW Reduction Strategy (1)

    ▪ Introduction of improved materials for service connections and leak repairs

    ▪ Selective service line replacement – 15,000 services

    ▪ Disconnection of inactive services ~10,000

    ▪ Selective mains replacement – 25,000 feet (WSC)

    ▪ Large revenue meter right sizing, replacement

  • Components of NRW Reduction Strategy (2)

    ▪ Advanced pressure management

    – Control from critical point

    – I2O controllers

    ▪ Replacement of all PRVs and bulk meters

    ▪ District metering (DMAs)

    ▪ Control of zone boundaries

    ▪ Netbase advanced network management

    ▪ Leak detection and repairs (2 surveys a year)

  • Components of NRW Reduction Strategy (3)

    ▪ Clean, exercise system valves

    ▪ GSM data loggers

    ▪ Hydraulic modelling

    ▪ System optimization

    ▪ SCADA

    ▪ GIS data improvement

    ▪ Allocate customers to DMAs

    ▪ Water efficiency education – schools program

    ▪ Customer win-back program

  • SCADA Implementation

    ▪ Installed at each WSC plant

    ▪ Control of Pumps

    ▪ Monitor pumps, flows, levels, pressures, power

    ▪ SCADA servers installed in WSC Control Room and in Miya project office (read only)

  • Netbase – Distribution Management System

    ✓ Network Information

    ✓ Configuration Tool

    ✓ LATIS

    ✓ Sumdat

    ✓ Leakage and Water Balance

    ✓ Campaigns

    ✓ Events

    ✓ Levels of Service Pressure

    ✓ Hydraulic Modeling

    ✓ Area Performance

    ✓ Asset Performance

    SAP-EAM (Work Order Data)

    CSIS (Customer Complaints

    GIS (Asset / Maps)

    SAP (Billing)

    CORPORATE

    DATA SOURCE

    DMA

    BAs/ HAs Gauging Points

    TIME SERIES

    DATA

    DATA WAREHOUSE

    NETBASE Spatial Database (Loading,

    Updating, Integration)

    NETBASE APPLICATIONS

    •Near real-time monitoring of water resources and decision support tool to manage the network resources

    •Data mining for leak detection and sensors for precise leak localization

  • NRW reduction plan

    6,87 6,42

    5,97

    4,87

    3,77

    2,5 2,5

    2 2 2

    0,45

    1,55

    2,65

    3,65 3,92 3,92

    4,42 4,42 4,42 4,42

    25,1

    21

    22

    25 25

    18

    19

    20

    21

    22

    23

    24

    25

    26

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021

    NRW (Migd) NRW saving acumolative Average Annual Pressure (psi)

  • WORKS

  • Technical Works (2013-2017)

    Activities Number of works

    Replaced active service connections 17,077

    Disconnections of inactive service connections

    5,724

    Leak repairs on mains 866

    Total leaks repaired (ALC) 4,976

    Pipes replaced by WSC due to heavy leakage (out of 52,000 ft proposed)

    approx. 34,000 ft

  • Pressure Zones/DMAs (2013-2016)

    Activities Number

    Pressure Zones 36

    • PRVs 33 • Gravity Supplied 1 • Supplied directly by PS 2

    DMAs 89

  • Pressure Zones

  • Separation into DMAs

  • Replacement of Large Customers meters (Bulk meters 2” up to 6”)

    ▪ Replaced 47 old bulk meters with

    ARAD ultrasonic meters (OCTAVE)

    ▪ High precision meter (according to MID R500, Q3/Q1=500)

    ▪ Body from stainless steel 316

    ▪ Check valve installed

  • Intensive Leakage Detection

    Causes of Leaks:

    ▪ Inappropriate materials

  • ▪ Bad installation (no specifications

    followed, pipes very shallow, no

    suitable bedding/backfilling materials)

    ▪ Lack of proactive

    maintenance

  • Leak Detection (1)

    ▪ 14 local staff recruited and trained by IWA Water Loss leak detection expert

    ▪ Team led by experienced local

    leakage inspector (14+1)

    ▪ Work prioritized based on DMAs with highest leakage

    ▪ Illegal connections, stuck meters, missing meters, disconnected

    services etc.

  • Leak Detection (2)

    ▪ Difficulties in finding leaks due to

    – Low pressure

    – Plastic materials

    – Heavy traffic (noise)

    – Electric interference

    ▪ Methodology

    – Sounding of meters

    – Sounding of pipes and pinpointing the leaks

    – Step testing to detect the areas of high leakage

    – Gas detection (used) & tethered technology (investigator)

    – 2 equivalent surveys of New Providence annually

  • Results &

    Conclusions (2018)

  • P.Fanner, 2018

  • Project is Delivering!

    KPI 2013 2017

    NRW m3/day 31,354 11,680 NRW % 57.8 26.3 ILI - 27.5 8.1 NRW l/conn/day 670 236 Real Losses I/conn/day 628 173 Apparent Losses I/conn/day 42 63

    Average Pressure bar 1.73 1.65 P.Fanner, 2018

  • Project is Delivering!

    ▪ Exceeding initial performance targets

    ▪ Recovered from dangerous situation due to intermittent supply operation – 2013

    – Pressure management savings reduced

    ▪ WSC pleased with progress

    – Now have few breaks to repair!

    – Remote control of pressures

    – Improved customer service

    – Improved infrastructure

    – WSC now using the improved materials

    – SCADA / Netbase

  • Any Questions?

    Many thanks for your attention [email protected]