Cubism, Кубизм

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  • 1.CUBISM

2. Cubism was a truly revolutionary style of modern art developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braques. It was the first style of abstract art which evolved at the beginning of the 20th century in response to a world that was changing with unprecedented speed. 3. PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) 'Factory, Horta de Ebbo', 1909 (oil on canvas) 4. What Are the Key Characteristics of Cubism? Geometricity, a simplication of figures and objects into geometrical components and planes that may or may not add up to the whole figure or object known in the natural world. Approximation of the Fourth Dimension. Conceptual, instead of perceptual, reality. Deformation of known figures and forms in the natural world. Simultaneity or multiple views, different points of view 5. GEORGES BRAQUE (1882-1963) 'Viaduct at L'Estaque', 1908 6. Two Groups of Cubists: There were two groups of Cubists during the height of the movement, 1909 to 1914. Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) and Georges Braque (1882-1963) are known as the "Gallery Cubists" because they exhibited under contract with Daniel-Henri Kahnweiler's gallery. Henri Le Fauconnier (1881-1946), Jean Metzinger (1883-1956), Albert Gleizes (181-1953), Fernand Lger (1881-1955), Robert Delaunay (1885-1941), Juan Gris (1887-1927), Marcel Duchamp (1887- 1968), Raymond Duchamp-Villon (1876-1918), Jacques Villon (1875-1963) and Robert de la Fresnaye (1885-1925) are know as the "Salon Cubists" because they exhibited in exhibitions supported by public funds (salons) 7. JUAN GRIS (1887-1927) 'Violin and Glass', 1915 8. PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973) 'Still Life with mandolin and Guitar', 1924 9. Roger de la Fresnaye 10. CONCLUSION Cubism was invented around 1907 in Paris by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Cubism was the first abstract style of modern art. A Cubist painting ignores the traditions of perspective drawing and shows you many views of a subject at one time. The Cubists introduced collage into painting. The Cubists were influenced by art from other cultures, particularly African masks. There are two distinct phases of the Cubist Style: Analytical Cubism (pre 1912) and Synthetic Cubism (post 1912) Cubism influenced many other styles of modern art including Orphism, Futurism, Vorticism, Suprematism, Constructivism and Expressionism.