1 Chapter 5 E-environment. Learning objectives 2 Identify the different elements of the...
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- 1 Chapter 5 E-environment
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- Learning objectives 2 Identify the different elements of the e-environment that impact on an organisations e-business and e- marketing strategy. Assess the impact of legal, moral and ethical constraints or opportunities on a company and devise solutions to accommodate them. Assess the role of macro-economic factors such as economics, taxation and legal constraints
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- Issues for managers 3 What are the constraints placed on developing and implementing an e- business strategy by the e-environment? What factors influence the adoption of new digital media and how can we estimate future demand for online services? How can trust and privacy be assured for the customer while seeking to achieve marketing objectives of customer acquisition and retention?
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- Activity 4.1 4 List all the social, legal and ethical issues that the manager of a sell-side e-commerce web site needs to consider to avoid damaging relationships with users of his or her site or which may leave the company facing prosecution. You can base your answer on issues which may concern you, your friends or family when you access a web site.
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- Activity answer this lecture 5 Cookies laws and consumer perception on placing these Are we limiting access to information from certain sections of society (social exclusion)? Privacy of personal information entered on a web site Sending unsolicited e-mail Replying promptly to e-mail Copyright Site content and promotional offers/adverts are in keeping with the different laws in different countries Providing text, graphics and personality in keeping with social mores of different countries
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- SLEPT Factors 6 Macro-environment Social Legal Economic Political Technological
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- Social 7 Demand analysis (part of micro-environment) Have access to the channel. Are influenced by using the channel. Purchase using the channel.
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- Popularity of online activities 8 Figure 4.1 Popular online activities in the UK showing variation between October 2000 and October 2002 Source: Copyright Crown copyright 2002, Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO.
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- Internet access worldwide 9 Figure 4.2 Percentage of global population with Internet access Source: Reprinted from CyberAtlas.com, a publication of Jupitermedia Corporation. Copyright 2003 Jupitermedia Corporation
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- Ethical issues and data protection 10 Ethical issues concerned with personal information ownership have been usefully summarised by Mason (1986) into four areas: 1. Privacy what information is held about the individual? 2. Accuracy is it correct? 3. Property who owns it and how can ownership be transferred? 4. Accessibility who is allowed to access this information, and under which conditions?
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- Ethics Fletchers view 11 Fletcher (2001) provides an alternative perspective, raising these issues of concern for both the individual and the marketer: Transparency who is collecting what information? Security how is information protected once collected by a company? Liability who is responsible if data is abused?
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- The eight principles for data protection 12 Fairly and lawfully processed; processed for limited purposes; adequate, relevant and not excessive; accurate; not kept longer than necessary; processed in accordance with the data subject's rights; secure; not transferred to countries without adequate protection. www.dataprotection.gov.uk
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- Opt-in vs opt-out 13 Figure 4.8 (a) Opt-in online form, (b) opt-out form
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- Opt-in vs opt-out 14 Figure 4.8 (c) implicit opt-in
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- Information flows for data protection 15 Figure 4.9Information flows that need to be understood for compliance with data protection legislation
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- Legal Sparrows eight areas 16 1. Marketing your e-commerce business 2. Forming an electronic contract 3. Making and accepting payment 4. Authenticating contracts concluded over the Internet 5. E-mail risks 6. Protecting intellectual property 7. Advertising on the Internet 8. Data protection
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- Economic / Political 17 Ensuring companies competitive Funding for education and technology: e.g. www.ukonlineforbusiness.gov.ukwww.ukonlineforbusiness.gov.uk Promoting new technology e.g. broadband 12% in UK, 70% Taiwan, South Korea Achieving government efficiencies E-government all UK services online by 2005 Singapore Intelligent Island Taxation regimes Legislation for offshore trading
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- E-economy framework 18 Figure 4.11 A framework describing the e-economy Source: Booz Allen Hamilton (2002). Copyright Crown copyright 2002, Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO.
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- Technological issues 19 Rate of change Which new technologies should we adopt? Monitoring for new techniques Evaluation are we early adopter? Re-skilling and training Are our systems secure?
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- Responses to change in technology 20 Figure 4.15 Alternative responses to changes in technology