(Week1) chapter 1 a changing america

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Transcript of (Week1) chapter 1 a changing america

  • 1. Chapter 1:A ChangingAmericaCopyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Emilio Flores/CORBIS

2. The AmericanPeople

    • 2010: 310 million people
    • Baby-Boom Generation: post WWII birthrate soared
    • Birthrates falling but immigration increasing
    • Population shifting from Frostbelt to Sunbelt
    • Diverse Population

Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Solus-Veer/Corbis 3. Population Diversity Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  • U.S. is a multiracial and multiethnic society.
  • Latinos are the fastest growing ethnic group.
  • Immigrants constitute one eighth of the nations population.

Justin Sullivan/Getty Images 4. An Aging Population

    • U.S. population is aging
      • 2010: 40+ million people over age 65
      • Stress on U.S. financial solvency
        • Medicare Medicaid - Social Security

Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Judy Ben Joud/Shutterstock 5. Geography Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  • US population has been shifting to the South and the West.
  • We are moving from the Frost belt to the Sunbelt.
  • Population shifts affect the political balance in the U.S. House of Representatives.

6. Income Distribution

    • Rising gap between rich and poor
    • Important because
      • a healthy democracy depends on the existence of a large middle class

Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Damian Dovarganes/AP Photo 7. Poverty Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

    • Poverty Level Greater for:
      • 1) Minority groups
      • 2) Children
      • 3) Families headed
      • by women

Rolf Haid/dpa /Landov

  • Poverty threshold:
  • 2009 poverty threshold was $22,050 for a family of 4
  • 14.3% of Americans live in poverty

8. The United States and the World

  • U.S. is the foremost nation in the world
    • Militarily
    • Economically
    • Culturally

Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Greg Baker/AP Photo 9. The U.S. Economy

    • Gross Domestic Product (GDP) = value of goods and services produced by a nation annually
    • U.S. GDP in 2009 was $14 trillion
    • Largest in the world
    • High standard of living
    • Relatively strong
    • Outpaced rates of
    • growth in competitor
    • economies in recent years

Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 10. The Global Economy

  • Domestic economy is affected by the global economy:
      • NAFTA and WTO: trade agreements reduce barriers to trade among countries of the world
      • High-technology industries require skilled workers
      • Hurts nations with low-skilled, poorly educated workers
      • Developed nations find low-skill jobs leaving for those nations where wages are lower

Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 11. American Political Culture Copyright 2011, 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

  • Political Culture: the widely held, deeply rooted political values of a society
  • Democracy: system of government in which ultimate political authority is vested in the people
  • Capitalism: economic system characterized by individual and corporate ownership of the means of production; a market economy based on supply and demand