Understanding Sendong Floods

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    ALL Typhoons in

    the Philippines

    passed this way,EXCEPT Sendong.

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    No one here

    recalls ever havinga typhoon pass by

    here in his/her

    ENTIRE life.

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    No typhoon ever.Until December

    16-17, 2011

    VISAYAS

    MINDANAO

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    Cagayan de Oro City

    Iligan City

    BUT Authorities were alertedabout Sendongs path days

    before it came.

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    Do we blame Sendong

    for the deaths and

    devastation?

    Hardly. Let me illustrate.

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    There was no pre-emptive evacuation

    despite thewarnings nor the

    memory of theflooding in 2009

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    Clearly, Typhoon

    Sendong was

    expected to just pass

    by and life would

    return to normalcy

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    Cagayan de Oro City

    Mandulog

    Lanao del SurBukidnon

    Iligan City

    They forgot one thing: water flows down

    rapidly from denuded forests.

    Denuded

    Catch

    Basin

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    And while it [catch basin of Cagayan River]

    encompasses 1,521 square kilometers of

    mountainous terrain, it occupies only 86 sq km oflevel area.

    We had been warned of Cagayan Rivers fury by Antonio Montalvan II, Philippine

    Daily Inquirer (http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/116425/we-had-been-warned-of-cagayan-rivers-fury)

    That is why it is also the

    citys main tourism resource:

    Because it moves downslope at a fast velocity, its

    water creates white-foam

    rapids so suitable for white-

    water raftinga natural traitnot all rivers exhibit.

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    Unknown to us, the rainfall

    over at the Bukidnon side

    was greater. That rainfall hadto naturally settle in its catch

    basin, and what a mammoth

    basin it turned out to be.

    That early dawn of Dec. 17,Macajalar Bay was on high

    tide. In all low-lying areas and

    elsewhere in the city, people

    were asleep in the dark. The

    combination was lethal. Therest is now history.

    We had been warned of Cagayan Rivers fury by Antonio Montalvan II, Philippine

    Daily Inquirer (http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/116425/we-had-been-warned-of-cagayan-rivers-fury)

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    Picture from the Facebook Photo Album of Larry Macatol

    In the grander scheme of things,

    these people were relatively lucky.

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    ILIGAN CITY These are some of the logs and cut down trees that were

    carried by the flood to the city of Iligan. Along the way, it caused damage tohouses and killed hundreds of people. Until now there could still be dead people

    below the piles of logs. (From the Facebook Photo Album posted by FrancisMacatol, 23 Dec 2011

    Logs washeddownstream

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    Images from Philippines: Mayor to defy President Aquino order to relocate residents out of flood

    zone (http://www.mikeinmanila.com/2011/12/22/philippines-mayor-to-defy-president-aquino-order-to-

    relocate-residents-out-of-flood-zone/)

    Area declared as flood zone

    in Cagayan de Oro City, 2010

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    The same zone as pictured

    from the air on Dec 20, 2011

    Images from Philippines: Mayor to defy President Aquino order to relocate residents out of flood zone (http://

    www.mikeinmanila.com/2011/12/22/philippines-mayor-to-defy-president-aquino-order-to-relocate-residents-

    out-of-flood-zone/)

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    CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY WIPEOUT Rampaging waters from the Cagayan de Oro River

    swept away this entire community of some 400 households in Sitio Kala-Kala, Barangay

    Macasandig, in Cagayan de Oro City. BOBBY LAGSA/INQUIRER MINDANAO

    (http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/113597/deadly-mix-for-disaster)

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    The tragedy that struck the cities of Cagayan de Oro and Iligan was an event waiting to

    happen. It was foretold three years ago, but was dismissed by lawmakers as too alarmist. ~

    Sendong disaster foretold 3 years ago by Kristine L. Alave, Philippine Daily Inquirer

    (http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/114171/sendong-disaster-foretold-3-years-ago)

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    Photo from the Facebook

    Photo Album posted by

    Francis Macatol

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    Photo from the Facebook

    Photo Album posted by

    Francis Macatol

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    Photo from the Facebook

    Photo Album posted by

    Francis Macatol

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    Did this

    have to

    happen?

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    http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/-depth/12/23/11/search-missing-sendong-victims-goes-online

    Did this have to happen?

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    Logs washeddownstream

    Did this have to

    happen?

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    Images from Philippines: Mayor to defy President Aquino order to relocate residents out of flood

    zone (http://www.mikeinmanila.com/2011/12/22/philippines-mayor-to-defy-president-aquino-order-to-

    relocate-residents-out-of-flood-zone/)

    Did this have to

    happen?

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    Keeping people out

    of hazardous areasis one thing.

    DO NOT DEFY IT!

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    Cagayan de Oro City

    Mandulog

    Lanao del SurBukidnon

    Iligan City

    Denuded

    Catch

    Basin

    Doing something about

    this is another

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    Cagayan de Oro City

    Mandulog

    Lanao del SurBukidnon

    Iligan City

    What did we do in the last 30 years?

    Denuded

    Catch

    Basin

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    But jarring this otherwise pleasant tableau

    were red-brown grids of degraded hillsidesand heavy silt that turn riverbeds into eerie

    mud flats. Further upstream one is witness

    to the continuing rape of

    primary-growth forests, in stiffdefiance of a logging ban in the country.

    ~ Lessons from Sendong by Neric Acosta, Philippine Star(http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=761253&publicationSubCategoryId=63)

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    Trees are

    like HANDS

    that wouldcatch therain and

    deliver them

    back to ouracquifers

    and rivers &prevent

    FLOODS.~ Text & Illustration

    from Kenneth

    Carmelita Macatol-

    Enriquez, City

    Engineer, Cebu City

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    Trees are

    like HANDS

    that wouldcatch therain and

    deliver them

    back to ouracquifers

    and rivers &prevent

    FLOODS.~ Text & Illustration

    from Kenneth

    Carmelita Macatol-

    Enriquez, City

    Engineer, Cebu City

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    PROTECT

    THE

    FORESTS!

    The forests we protect

    will protect us in turn

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    Somehow I recall that

    they taught us that inPlantation Elementary

    School.

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    Not hard to

    understand,

    isnt it?

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    Unless your

    livelihooddepends on not

    understanding it.

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    TREESby: Joyce Kilmer (1886-1918)

    THINK that I shall never see

    A poem lovely as a tree.

    A tree whose hungry mouth is prest

    Against the earth's sweet flowing breast;

    A tree that looks at God all day,

    And lifts her leafy arms to pray;

    A tree that may in Summer wear

    A nest of robins in her hair;

    Upon whose bosom snow has lain;

    Who intimately lives with rain.

    Poems are made by fools like me,

    But only God can make a tree.

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    THANKS FOR WATCHING

    THE SLIDES.

    Lets make a difference.

    Pass these slides to

    everyone you know.

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    That enlightened leaders

    may one day make the

    enlightened decisions

    that the Filipino society

    sorely needs today.

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    I grew up in Bukidnon and spent 3 years in Cagayan de Oro City

    before finishing BS Agricultural Engineering major in Land and Water

    Resources at the University of the Philippines Los Banos.

    Marvin Macatol

    www.familyforkids.wordpress.com