DIREctION Is A DOOR, NAvIGAtION Is tHE kEY.Directions. Our lives are spent giving and receiving them. Here, there. Right,left. Forward, back. Checking our bearings, making sure.We humans have always navigated through our world: by landmark and water,sun and stars. The technology we employ changes, but wayfinding knowledgedoes not: if you dont understand how to navigate, youre still lost. Thus, theskill to navigate by map and compassneither of which depends on advancedelectronics or batteriesis crucial. Whether exploring a wild mountain rangewhere the only available information is a printed map or the confusion of aforeign city. It can also be fun.Over the years, Silva has become a reliable and trusted navigation partneramong defense forces, expeditions to the remotest parts of the globe, andthe orienteering and adventure racing communities. One reason for this voteof confidence is the Silva 1-2-3 System that enables you to take and walk abearing in an easy and accurate way. The popular system evolves this yearwith colour-coding on the Field 1-2-3 Compass, a new memory tool for botheducational use and the infrequent navigator.Whichever Silva product you choose, the first question is always the same:WHERE ARE YOU GOING?
ExPEDITION Art. No. 35691-0001Hints & tipsMagnetic Declination Positioning with Cross-bearingsWhen compass and map are used Its simple to plot a compass bearing onto a map by following the Silva 1-2-3 System in re-together its important to know the verse order. Take a bearing to an object in the field that you can also locate on the map. Placelocal magnetic declination (i.e. the the compass on the map with the baseplates long side intersecting the object to which thedifference between true North bearing was taken. Draw a line along the baseplate, and your position is somewhere alongwhere the map meridians point this line. Repeat the procedure using another object that you can see from your current loca-and magnetic Northwhere the tion and youll be at the intersection of the two lines. For best accuracy, use objects that arecompass needle points). In areas on a 90-degree angle from each other versus your location. For even greater accuracy, usewith significant declination, ad- three lines.justments must be made to walk acorrect bearing; information con- 1 2 3 4 5 6cerning magnetic declination isfound on the topographic map. A E-VALUE 850 (METERS) GPS Coordinate Scales Use the GPS coordinate scales on the base plate to determine the 10 8 6 4 2 2 coordinates of a known position on the map (or to determine the position 4 6 of known coordinates on the map). 8 10
After some tough morning navigation in white-out conditions, UIAGM mountain guide Jimmy Odn and aspirant guide Johan Johansson push towards the goal of their expedition.tO tHE ENDsOF tHE EARtHeXpeDition seRiesFor explorers and search and rescue professionals, Silvas Expedition series has been the longtime global leaderin compass accuracy, precision and durability. Now two unique models represent the next step in advanced outdoornavigationthe Expedition base-plate compass and the Expedition S mirror-sighting compass. Both featureeasy-handling Dryflex housings, silicon rubber feet for precision map work, detachable safety-release lanyards,night-enabling luminous markings, magnifying lens, map-measuring scales in mm or inches, 1:25,000, 1:50,000and GPS scales, plus built-in adjusters for magnetic declination (including permanent local adjustment). TheExpedition can also map-measure 1:40,000 and the Expedition S has both a clinometer for measuring slope angle,and 45-degree angle assistance on the mirror-sighting function. ExPEDITION S Art. No. 36827-1001
Hints & tipsPlanning a Route direction over long distances. Because objects that you pass, but in terrainBefore heading out it is important to you neednt lift your eyes from the com- where these dont exist there are twoalways plan your route. Your navigation- pass in order to look into the terrain, the other methods for judging distance: 1)al skills, physical condition and choice direction determined with the Silva 1-2- clockif you know your approximateof terrain will all affect your plan. Make 3 System becomes more accurate. speed (e.g., 4 km/h) you can easily cal-sure you create a plan that fits youits culate how long it should take to travelalways better to play it safe than to take Judging Distance / Time 3 km (45 minutes); 2) counting stepsifunnecessary risks. Its good to have an understanding you know your approximate stride of how far along your route youve trav- length (e.g. 0.8 m) count each step withMirror Sighting Compasses eled, especially when walking a bearing your right foot; in this case it would takeA mirror-sighting compass is at its best in according to the Silva 1-2-3 System. 62 steps to travel 100 meters, or 620open terrain where you must determine This is normally done by checking steps/km.
ALL-tERRAINvEHIcLERAnGeR seRiesThe series most popular among mountaineers and backpackers has expanded. The Rangertraditional base-plate compass is joined by two mirror-sighting modelsRanger S and RangerSL. While all three feature a detachable safety-release lanyard and luminous markings for nightnavigation, each also bears something unique: Ranger and Ranger S feature DryFlex grip for easyhandling and come with a use-anywhere declination scale inside the capsule, a magnifying lens,and base plate map-measuring in mm and scales of 1:50,000 and 1:25,000; Ranger S has theadditional benefit of 45-degree angle assistance on the mirror sighting function; Ranger SL offershands-free navigation. Go anywhere tools for serious compass users. RANGER Art. No. 36985-6001 Night Use Scales RANGER S Art. No. 36825-6001 Night Use Mirror Sighting Scales RANGER SL Art. No. 34952-1011 Night Use Mirror Sighting Sun Watch
Orienteer Helena Jansson holds six medalsfrom World Championships and navigatesusing the Silva 6 Jet Spectra compass.
A nAtURAL FitIt was 1933, a mere 14 years after modern orienteer- We share the same heritage, and we both seek toing became a competitive sport. Wishing to improve be world leaders in navigation and orienteering. Wetheir equipment so as to achieve better results, an both work in teams to innovate in the biggerpicture,entrepreneurial trio of champion Swedish orienteers as well as provide optimal conditions for individualput their heads together. The liquid compassmore performances.precise and easier to usewas born, and with it, SOFT has been quite successful in this. Despite theirthe Silva brand. Though much in the company has youth, athletes such as Helena Jansson,