Lecture 2: AIRSIDE By: Zuliana Ismail PART 2. Airside Signage.
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Transcript of Lecture 2: AIRSIDE By: Zuliana Ismail PART 2. Airside Signage.
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Lecture 2: AIRSIDE By: Zuliana Ismail PART 2 Slide 2 Airside Signage Slide 3 Signage Airside guidance signs provide direction and information to taxiing aircraft and any vehicles and assist in safe movement of aircraft. Slide 4 Importance of the Signs To show mandatory instructions, information on a specific location or destination in the aerodrome. Characteristics of signs: Clear Rectangular Different colors for each category Illuminated (light up) Slide 5 guidance signs Direction signs: To indicate the intersection for aircraft turning. Destination signs: To show direction to the specific destinations (cargo areas, military areas, international areas, etc.) Mandatory signs: To indicate that aircraft ARE NOT ALLOWED to enter (runway entrance & critical areas) Location signs: To identify aircraft location. Runway distance remaining signs: Landing distance remaining Slide 6 guidance signs 1. Mandatory signs 2. Location signs 6 Slide 7 3. Direction signs 4. Destination signs 7 5. Runway distance remaining signs Sign Indicating 3,000 feet of Runway Remaining guidance signs Slide 8 Slide 9 Weather Information Slide 10 Importance To prevent aircraft accidents. To avoid flight delay or cancellations. To make management of the air routes more efficient To improve the safety of the aircraft in the air. 10 Slide 11 Airport Weather Stations Every 20 minutes Observes temperature, wind speed & direction, visibility, cloud coverage. Cant observe sudden weather change. Automated Weather Observing Systems (AWOS) Automated Surface Observing Systems (ASOS) Every 1 hour Observe weather conditions change rapidly. Current weather, icing, lightning,, air pressure. Automated Sensor Slide 12 Wind Indicators 12 Slide 13 Wind Sock To Indicate wind direction & speed. The stronger the wind, the straighter the wind sock. Move back and forth when the wind is gusty (angin ribut) To Indicate wind direction only. To suggest the pilot the runway to be used Wind Tee Guiding pilot to determine the correct runway to use for landing and take off Wind Indicators Slide 14 Navigational Aid Systems Slide 15 There are a number of navigational aids available in Airports. A Visual Approach Slope Indicator (VASI): helps pilots fly a perfect approach for landing once they have found the airport. VHF Omni directional range (VOR) to help pilots find the direction to the airport. Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) to determine the distance to the airport. Instrument Landing System(ILS) to find the runway and fly the correct approach, even if they cannot see the ground. Slide 16 16 A Visual Approach Slope Indicator (VASI): Slide 17 Doppler VHF Omnidirectional Range Station (VOR) Navigational Aids Instrument Landing System(ILS)