Airside Ops & Ntm
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- 1. LEARNING & DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT BASIC AIRPORTS OPERATIONS COURSE AIRSIDEOPERATIONby CHENG LING PERNG
2. COURSE OBJECTIVE By the end of the lecture, you will be able to understand the processes of Airside Operations, its function and the key responsibilities. You will also know what a NOTAM is and its significance. 3. BASIC AIRPORT OPERATIONS
AIRPORT OPERATIONS CENTRE Airside Landside Terminal RUNWAY ARRIVAL CONCOURSE PIER GATE APRON TAXIWAY RUNWAY GATE APRON TAXIWAY AIRCRAFT PROCESSING E.G. FUEL APPROACH PASSENGER BAGGAGE RECLAIM ROADS PARKING ROADS PARKING DEPARTURE CONCOURSE PIER PASSENGER AREA PROCESSING CATERING MAIL CARGO PROCESSING OTHER GROUND TRANSPORT DEPARTURE AIRSIDE LANDSIDE TERMINAL PUBLICAREAS PUBLICAREAS Safety Efficiency Cost effectiveness Profitability Objectives Engineering Operations Security Operations Tracked Transit Control Baggage HandlingControl Immigration AFRS Network Management Crisis Control Apron Control Tower etc. Other Centres 4. KLIA AIRFIELD LAYOUT 5. AIRSIDE OPERATIONS OBJECTIVES/ FUNCTIONS
- Maintain a high level of airfield and apron safety as per I.C.A.O standards
- Adhere to established policies and procedures for safe airfield operations.
- Promote safety awareness through training, audits, licensing briefings and Safety Campaigns.
- Enforce ramp safety policies and SOPs.
- Develop and implement new industry best practices.
- Be aware of accident trends through ground incident and accident statistical data.
- Establish reliable reporting and investigation system.
6. AIRSIDE OPERATIONS OBJECTIVES/ FUNCTIONS
- Carry out safety audits on ground handlers, vendors & airlines.
- Identify potential airfield hazards, evaluate and set in preventive controls.
- Dissemination of ramp incidents and accidents information.
- Coordinating airside activities during emergencies and salvage operations.
- Continuous improvement through reviews, technology and industry standards.
7. AIRSIDE OPERATIONS KEY ACTIVITIES
- 1. Inspections
- 2. Issuance of Airside Permit (Driving, PLB & Vehicle Permit)
- 3. Ground Incident and accident investigations
- 4. Safety escort or follow -me service
- 5. Enforcement checks
- 6. Work in progress Coordination (WIP)
- Initiation of NOTAM
- Audits, Reviews and Change
- Internal Trainings.
8. AIRSIDE OPERATIONS KEY ACTIVITIES
- Co-ordinations & Meetings with Airlines, Government Agencies etc.
- Wildlife Hazard
- Animals :- Dogs, Cows etc
- Bees, Snakes, Rodents
- Environmental Management
- Effluent discharges
9. 1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA
- Inspection Program Objectives
- Accident/ Incident reduction
- Effective reporting system
- Prompt corrective action
10. 1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA
- Accident/ Incident reduction
- Foreign Object Damage
- Obstruction & Construction
- Wild Life Hazard
- Aerodrome facilities serviceability
11. 1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA
- Foreign Object Damage (F.O.D)
- FOD : Any object that is found on the maneuvering areas that can endanger aircraft (Metal, Paper, Plastic Sheets, Boxes, Parts, Tools etc.)
- FOD Ingestion by aircraft
- Velocity impact of debris launched by jet blast on to other aircraft, personnel, (Ramp / Passengers) and buildings
- Can contribute to airborne engine failures
- Both Safety, Economic and Image issue
12. 1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA
- FOD prevention in KLIA
- Apron Sweeping Program
- Airfield Schedule Inspection
- Bay Inspection prior to each aircrafts arrival or departure.
- Awareness Trainings, Campaigns
- Maintenance activities Adherence to SOP
- Communication/ coordination
13. 1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA
- Inspection & Reporting System
- Fault Reporting
- Use of Checklist
- Paved areas, OCL
- Signs, Lighting,
- Status Written records
- Action on Priority Areas
- NOTAM dissemination
14. 1. SAMPLE OF CHECKLIST 15. 1. INSPECTING MOVEMENT AREA
- Prompt Corrective actions
- Advise responsible party - Docketing
- Vehicles/ Equipment removal
- Area closed or cordoned off
16. 1. SAMPLE OF DOCKET 17. 2. ISSUANCE OF AIRSIDE PERMITS
- Civil Aviation Act 1969
- Airfield Vehicle Permit ( MCAR 105)
- Airfield Driving Permit (MCAR 106)
- Temporary Entry Permit (MCAR 105)
- PLB Operator Permit.
- Electrical Vehicle/ Buggy Permit
18. 3. GROUND INCIDENT/ ACCIDENTS
- Determine the Facts to establish root cause
- Make recommendations to prevent recurrences
- Take corrective action
19. 3. GROUND INCIDENT/ ACCIDENTS Ground Accidents/ Incidents Record in KLIA 20. 3. GROUND INCIDENT/ ACCIDENTS
- 80% of ground accident in KLIA
- Involves in collision between vehicles/ equipment or facilities.
- Apron accidents involving aircraft are frequently caused by:-
- equipment used for passenger handling, aircraft loading and servicing i.e. PLB, Loading Bridges, catering trucks, baggage carts)
21. 4. SAFETY ESCORT AND FOLLOW-ME
- Provide safety escort for VVIP movements - vehicles on the aircraft maneuvering area
- Provide Follow-Me service to foreign aircraft - on request especially VVIP flights that requires special coordination
- Filming Safety Escort
- Safety escort for new contractors in airfield
22. 5. ENFORCEMENT CHECK
- Errant drivers or apron users for contravening the Civil Aviation Act
- Vehicles conditions and validity of the vehicle & driving permits
- Check and control Vandalism
23. 6. WORK IN PROGRESS SAFETY MATTERS
- Requirement for Safety Briefing (Coordination meeting)
- Define safety standard and safety specifications
- Follow-up on safety procedures (Safety Review)
- Monitor day to day safety practices
- Discuss specific concern with operator
- Safe Movement of individuals & Vehicles Dedicated route and work area demarcation
- Minimum disruption of operational activities
- Clear routes for fire station active area
24. 6. WORK IN PROGRESS SAFETY MATTERS
- Initiate NOTAM
- Restriction on aircraft or vehicle activity
- Threshold displacement if necessary
- Temporary lighting/ Marking
- Revise vehicle control procedures
- Access to communications equipment & dedicated man for the task
- Special site for equipment and material storage
- Supervision to WIP
25. 6. WORK IN PROGRESS SAFETY MATTERS
- Be aware of potential hazardous conditions
- Excavation near runways, taxiways, apron
- Construction materials, earth mounds orstockpiles
- Temporary structures location & design
- Obstructions in operational areas, take off or approach path
26. 7. WILDLIFE HAZARD
- Bird Strike
- Bees Threats
27. 8. AIRSIDE SERVICES MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
- Meetings once every two months
- Participants:- MA (Sepang), DCA, Airlines, Ground Handlers, Fuel Operators, AFRS, AVSEC, MET.
- Objective is to resolve safety & operational issues in the airside
- Identify unsafe conditions and acts.
- The process of elimination of hazards
- Objective:- To reduce operational risks
- Introduce control measures
- As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP)
28. 9. NOTAM
- NOTAM is Notice to Airmen
- Shall be originated and issued promptly whenever the information to be disseminated is of a:-
- Temporary nature and of short duration
- Operationally significant permanent changes or temporary changes of long duration are made at short notice.
29. 9. WHEN DO WE NEED TO ISSUE A NOTAM?
- Establishment, closure or significant changes in operation of aerodrome or runways
- Establishment, withdrawal or changes in operation of aeronautical services (AGL, VOR, DME, PAPI, VASIS, ATS, MET, SAR, AFRS CAT etc.)
- Establishment, withdrawal or changes in visual aids
- Interruption of or return to operation of major components of aerodrome lighting system.
30. 9. WHEN DO WE NEED TO ISSUE A NOTAM?
- Occurrence or correction of major defect in the maneuvering area.
- Changes to and limitation on availability of fuel supply.
- Major changes to rescue facilities and services available.
- Presence of hazard which affect air navigation (including obstacle, air displays, volcanic eruption etc.)
31. 9. GENERAL SPECIFICATION OF NOTAM
- Each NOTAM shall be allocated a serial number.
- NOTAM shall be brief & concise.
- Each NOTAM shall be transmitted as a single telecommunication message.
- When a NOTAM is issued which cancels or supersedes a previous NOTAM, the serial number of the previous NOTAM shall be indicated. Eg. Ntmc A1234/05 Ntmr B2468/05 Ntmn C 1255/05
32. 9. GENERAL SPECIFICATION OF NOTAM
- When error occur in a NOTAM, replacement NOTAM shall be issued.
- Location indicators included in the text of a NOTAM shall conform to ICAO list.
33. 9. DISTRIBUTION OF NOTAM
- NOTAM shall be distributed to addressees to whom the information is of direct operational significance by AIS.
- Except as otherwise provided, each NOTAM shall contain the information in the order of NOTAM format.
34. 9. WHO ISSUES NOTAMS
- NOTAM office is operated by competent person from DCA
- Person(s) responsible for inspecting the aerodromes and reporting aerodrome condition change
- Responsible person must be appropriately trained
- Fulfill and aerodrome operators duty of care and to avoid possible accusation of negligence
35. 9. SAMPLE OF NOTAMS 36. 9. NOTAM DISSEMINATION
- GG WMKKNTMA WMKKNTMC
- 311500 WMKKYNYX
- (A1635/04 NOTAMN
- B)0408020300 C)0408300900
- D)MON-RWY 14L/32R BTN 0300 UTC TILL 0900 UTC
- THU- RWY 14R/32L BTN 0300 UTC TILL 0900 UTC
- E)RWY CLSD FOR MNTD.)
37. Q & A Thank You 38. Thank you End of Presentation