Devolution and Supranationalism

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  • 1. Devolution or Supranationalism? AP Human Geography 2012
  • 2. What is devolution? The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government The disintegration of a state along regional lines Propelled by forces that divide and destabilize, usually centrifugal forces
  • 3. What are current examples of devolution? Scotland (UK) Belgium Czechoslovakia-peaceful split, 1993 Oil EU membership Hungarians are still a minority in Slovakia (11%) Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro are now formally independent of each other) Russia and former Soviet Union
  • 4. Yugoslavia 7 major/17 minor ethnic groups Former multinational, multiethnic state Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.
  • 5. What is supranationalism? Global governance 3+ states forging associations for mutual benefit and pursuit of shared goals 60+ unions today
  • 6. What is supranationalism? States seeking common economic, political, and cultural ground by joining unions created to benefit participants and disadvantage others Sparks further supranational orgs for those left out Geographically contiguous Economically similar or different (Common Market/OPEC)
  • 7. What are current examples of supranationalism? Military, economic, cultural, or political BENELUX / European Common Market / European Union United Nations NATO/Warsaw Treaty OPEC Arab League
  • 8. NATO
  • 9. OPEC
  • 10. APEC
  • 11. The United Nations Post WWII Foster international security and cooperation 2002 had 191 countries Peacekeeping 2002: 40,000 from 80 member states in 15 different regions worldwide Unrepresented Nations and Peoples represented 51 groups of stateless or unheard peoples Subsidiaries include: FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization UNESCO: Educational, Scientific and Cultural WHO: World Health Organization