Why cars and cities dont match

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Cities are growing and so does its infrastructure. Many cities are questioning its car oriented planning and going for walkability. Author and lecturer Alexander Ståhle explains why in this presentation. Alexander Ståhle is also CEO at Spacescape and PhD in Urban Design.

Transcript of Why cars and cities dont match

  • WHY CARS AND CITIES DONT MATCH Alexander Sthle, CEO & PhD alexander.stahle@spacescape.se www.spacescape.se SPACESCAPE URBAN RESEARCH & DESIGN SPACESCAPE
  • Why cities? SPACESCAPE
  • Cities create proximitynrhet och flden? Vad skapar Fungerar planen som det var tnkt? Vad gr en attraktiv plats? SOFO SPACESCAPE
  • Proximity creates interaction SPACESCAPE
  • Interaction creates livability SPACESCAPE
  • Livalibility creates value Stockholm appartment prices 2011 SPACESCAPE
  • Value is 90% walkability in Stockholm Urban qualities Appartment prices in Stockholm region SPACESCAPE
  • Walkability command a premium of $4-34,000 CEO for Cities (2009) Drivable suburban Walkable urban SPACESCAPE
  • Density increases walkability SHOPS RESTAURANTS DENSITY REBRO SHOPS DENSITY STOCKHOLM DENSITY GTEBORG SPACESCAPE
  • Travel Density decreases car use Density Dunphy RT and Fisher K (1996) SPACESCAPE
  • Density allows for public transport An advanced city is where even the rich use public transportation Enrique Pealosa, ITDP SPACESCAPE
  • Office value Car accessiblity do not affect appartment prices or office rents in Stockholm Public transport accessibility SPACESCAPE
  • Failing office areas Infra City, Upplands Vsby SPACESCAPE
  • Inside failing office areas Inside Infra City, Upplands Vsby SPACESCAPE
  • Gallerian shopping mall, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  • Photoshop Gallerian shopping mall, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  • Why cars and cities dont match 1. People in cars do not interact 2. Car traffic segregates people 3. Cars destroys urban livability SPACESCAPE
  • People in cars are less social New study on road rage (Gatersleben, Murtagh, White 2013): Car use has negative effects on urban communities by affecting social perceptions. More car use through a relatively poor area is associated with less positive views of that area. More walking through a relatively poor area is related to more positive views of the area. Attitudes towards young people are more negative when they are seen from a car. Attitudes towards young people are most positive when seen from a pedestrian perspective. SPACESCAPE
  • Problem 1: Sprawl means more people in cars SPACESCAPE
  • Problem 2: Car traffic decreases social interaction Livable streets, Donald Appleyard (1981) SPACESCAPE
  • Problem 3: Space with cars destroys urban life Allmnna vgen, Gteborg 1910 SPACESCAPE
  • SPACESCAPE
  • SPACESCAPE
  • Ciclovia Bogota SPACESCAPE
  • CicLAvia, Los Angeles SPACESCAPE
  • Champs Elyses, Paris SPACESCAPE
  • Regent street, London SPACESCAPE
  • Summer Streets, , New York SPACESCAPE
  • Rightsizing streets and road diets BEFORE AFTER BEFORE AFTER Broadway, New York SPACESCAPE
  • Rightsizing streets and road diets BEFORE AFTER Bridgeport Way, University place BEFORE AFTER East Boulevard, Charlotte SPACESCAPE
  • New street design guidelines for rightsizing New York Chicago SPACESCAPE
  • Urban highway removal Park East Freeway, Milwaukee, Wisconsin SPACESCAPE
  • Urban highway removal Park East Boulevard, Milwaukee, Wisconsin SPACESCAPE
  • Urban highway removal Octavia Boulevard, San Fransisco Cheonggye Expressway , Seoul, SPACESCAPE
  • Urban highway removal Big dig, Boston SPACESCAPE
  • Urban highway removal Sderleden, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  • Urban highway removal Globen Nynsvgen, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  • Urban highway removal Globen Sderstaden, Stockholm SPACESCAPE
  • Highways and urban design dont mix Rinkeby Ursvik Vstra Ursvik, Sundbyberg SPACESCAPE
  • Highways and urban design dont mix Vstra Ursvik, Sundbyberg SPACESCAPE
  • Space syntax shows pedestrian proximity Rinkeby Ursvik SPACESCAPE
  • SPACESCAPE
  • Car highway city People network city SPACESCAPE
  • If you can make it there SPACESCAPE
  • SPACESCAPE URBAN RESEARCH & DESIGN Alexander Sthle CEO & PhD alexander.stahle@spacescape.se www.spacescape.se SPACESCAPE