Unit I - Industrial

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Intustrial safety

Transcript of Unit I - Industrial

  • ME451: INDUSTRIAL SAFETY

    Even Semester

    2014 2015

    Department of Mechanical Engineering

  • Safety Policy

    A written statement given by the management of any

    organization stating its commitment to the protection of

    health and safety of its employees and public and the

    protection of the environment.

  • Safety Organisation

    Purpose:

    To create within every one, at all levels of the organisation,

    a safety culture.

    Types:

    1.Those in which the safety work is carried on wholly

    through the line organisation

    2.Those in which the safety work is directed by a safety

    director reporting to a major executive

    3.Those in which the safety work is carried on primarily by

    committees set up for the purpose

  • Safety Committee

    Standing committees which form the policies andindicate the course of action to be taken.

    Advise the safety engineering department for achieving abetter performance in promoting safety culture.

    Employees representatives must also be included asmembers in these committees.

  • Safety Committee

    Central Safety Committee

    Department Safety Committee

    Area Safety Committee

    Accident Investigation

    Plant Inspection

    Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)

    Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    Safety stewards (Volunteers)

  • Budgeting for Safety

    Safety promotional activities:

    Safety education

    Provision of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    Systematic accident investigation

    Safety plant inspection

    Safety committees

    Safety stewards and safety coordinators

    Safety incentive

    Safety library

    Safety publications

    Safety services - other industries and institutions

  • Role of the Supervisor in Workplace Safety and Health

    Safety and health professionals cannot do their jobs effectively without the fullcooperation and day-to-day assistance of first-line supervisors.

    Supervisors and safety professionals must be partners when it comes to providing a safeand healthy workplace for employees.

    Key responsibilities of supervisors relating to workplace safety and health include the following:

    Orienting new employees to the safe way to do their jobs

    Ensuring that new and experienced employees receive the safety and health trainingthey need on a continual basis

    Monitoring employee performance and enforcing safety rules and regulations

    Assisting safety and health professionals in conducting accident investigations

    Assisting safety and health professionals in developing accident reports

    Keeping up-to-date on safety issues

    Setting a positive example for employees that says the safe way is the right way.

  • Accident CostsDirect Costs

    Direct Costs

    % of occupiers liability premium

    % of increased premiums payable

    Claims

    Fines and damages awarded in courts

    Court and legal representation costs

  • Accident CostsIndirect Costs

    Treatment

    First aid

    Transport

    Hospital

    Lost time

    Injured person

    Management

    Supervisor(s)

    First Aiders

    Other personsProduction

    Lost production

    Overtime payments

    Damage to plant, equipment, structures, vehicles, etc.

    Training and supervision of replacement labour

    Investigation

    Management

    Safety adviser

    Others e.g. safety representatives

    Liaison with enforcement authority officers

    Other costs

    Ex-gratia payment to injured person

    Replacement of personal items of:

    (i) injured person

    (ii) other persons

    Other miscellaneous costs

  • Accident causation theoryDominos model by H.W.Heinrich

  • SAFETY TRAININGCreating Awareness

    Creation of awareness on safety at all levels of the organization isimportant. For any safety program to be effective, it must be based onemployer and worker needs.

    Creating awareness: Factors to be considered

    Company Policy and Experience

    Safety Policy

    Existing activities such as committees, mass meetings, awardprograms, and contests should be used for the safety program.

    Budget and Facilities

    At first the safety program will require extra effort, time, andmoney.

    Safety Committees, Safety Circles (Safety Campaign)

  • SAFETY TRAININGCreating Awareness

    Types of employees

    The types, backgrounds, and educational levels of employees mustbe considered when choosing safety promotion activities. Forexample, migrant workers frequently do not receive sufficient jobtraining.

    Types of organization

    When operations are widely scattered and diversified, as in theconstruction, railroad, marine, motor transport, sales, and airtransport industries, the job of selecting and disseminating safetyinformation becomes more complicated.

    Basic Human Interest

  • SAFETY TRAININGWays to put six basic human interest factors to effective

    use in promoting safety

  • SAFETY TRAININGAwards/Incentives/Recognition

    The use of incentives, awards, and recognition to motivateemployees to perform safely is an accepted feature of bothOrganizational Behavioral Management (OBM) and TotalQuality Management (TQM) models.

    In the OBM model, use of incentives to reinforce employeebehavior is critical to program success.

    In TQM, rewards, promotions, and other incentives areused to recognize individuals for contributions to processimprovement.

  • SAFETY TRAININGCelebrations

    At the group, team, or company level, special days or other functions are used to celebrate achievement.

    National Safety Day in India: March 04 of every year

    Celebrated in commemorating the birth of National Safety Council of India.

    Safety pledges.

  • SAFETY TRAININGSafety Posters

  • SAFETY TRAININGSafety Posters

  • SAFETY TRAININGSafety Posters

  • SAFETY TRAININGSafety Displays

  • SAFETY TRAININGMock drills