The Roman Republic Chapter 6, Section 1. The Origins of Rome Rome’s Geography...

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Transcript of The Roman Republic Chapter 6, Section 1. The Origins of Rome Rome’s Geography...

  • Slide 1
  • The Roman Republic Chapter 6, Section 1
  • Slide 2
  • The Origins of Rome Romes Geography Romes Geography Site of Rome chosen for its fertile soil and strategic location Site of Rome chosen for its fertile soil and strategic location Located on Italian Peninsula in the center of the Mediterranean Sea. Located on Italian Peninsula in the center of the Mediterranean Sea. Built on seven hills along Tiber River Built on seven hills along Tiber River The First Romans The First Romans Latins, Greeks, and Etruscans compete for control of the region. Latins, Greeks, and Etruscans compete for control of the region. Latins found original settlement of Rome between 1000 B.C. and 500 B.C. Latins found original settlement of Rome between 1000 B.C. and 500 B.C. Etruscans native to northern Italy influence Roman civilization Etruscans native to northern Italy influence Roman civilization
  • Slide 3
  • The Early Republic Early Rulers Early Rulers Around 600 B.C. Etruscan kings begin to rule Rome. Around 600 B.C. Etruscan kings begin to rule Rome. Kings build Romes first temples and public centers Kings build Romes first temples and public centers Romans overthrow cruel Etruscan kings in 509 B.C. Romans overthrow cruel Etruscan kings in 509 B.C. Romans found a republica government in which citizens elect leaders. Romans found a republica government in which citizens elect leaders.
  • Slide 4
  • The Early Republic Patricians and Plebeians Patricians and Plebeians Different groups struggle for power in early Roman Republic Different groups struggle for power in early Roman Republic Patricianswealthy landowning class that holds most of the power Patricianswealthy landowning class that holds most of the power Plebeiansartisans, merchants and farmers; can vote, but cannot rule Plebeiansartisans, merchants and farmers; can vote, but cannot rule Tribuneselected representatives who protect Plebeians rights Tribuneselected representatives who protect Plebeians rights
  • Slide 5
  • The Early Republic Twelve Tables Twelve Tables In 451 B.C. officials carve Roman laws on twelve tablets. In 451 B.C. officials carve Roman laws on twelve tablets. Called the Twelve Tables, they become the basis for later Roman law. Called the Twelve Tables, they become the basis for later Roman law. Laws confirm the right of all free citizens to the protection of the law. Laws confirm the right of all free citizens to the protection of the law. Citizenship is limited to adult male landowners. Citizenship is limited to adult male landowners. The Twelve Tables are hung in the Forum The Twelve Tables are hung in the Forum
  • Slide 6
  • The Early Republic Government Under the Republic Government Under the Republic Rome elects two consulsone to lead the army and one to direct government. Rome elects two consulsone to lead the army and one to direct government. Senatechosen from Roman upper class; makes foreign and domestic policy. Senatechosen from Roman upper class; makes foreign and domestic policy. Democratic assemblies elect tribunes and makes laws for common people. Democratic assemblies elect tribunes and makes laws for common people. Dictators are leaders appointed briefly in times of crisis. Dictators are leaders appointed briefly in times of crisis.
  • Slide 7
  • The Early Republic The Roman Army The Roman Army Roman legionmilitary unit of 5,000 infantry, supported by cavalry. Roman legionmilitary unit of 5,000 infantry, supported by cavalry. Army is powerful and a key factor in Romes rise to greatness. Army is powerful and a key factor in Romes rise to greatness.
  • Slide 8
  • Rome Spreads Its Power Rome Conquers Italy Rome Conquers Italy The Romans defeat the Etruscans in the north and the Greek city-states in the south. The Romans defeat the Etruscans in the north and the Greek city-states in the south. By 265 B.C., Rome controls the entire Italian peninsula. By 265 B.C., Rome controls the entire Italian peninsula. Rome treats the conquered peoples justly. This enables Rome to grow. Rome treats the conquered peoples justly. This enables Rome to grow.
  • Slide 9
  • Rome Spreads Its Power Romes Commercial Network Romes Commercial Network Rome establishes a large trading network. Rome establishes a large trading network. Access to the Mediterranean Sea provides many trade routes. Access to the Mediterranean Sea provides many trade routes. Carthage, a powerful city-state in North Africa, soon rivals Rome. Carthage, a powerful city-state in North Africa, soon rivals Rome.
  • Slide 10
  • Rome Spreads Its Power War with Carthage War with Carthage Rome and Carthage begin the Punic Warsthree wars between 264 through 146 B.C. Rome and Carthage begin the Punic Warsthree wars between 264 through 146 B.C. Rome defeats Carthage and wins Sicily in the first 23-year war. Rome defeats Carthage and wins Sicily in the first 23-year war. Hannibal, the Carthaginian general, avenges this defeat in the Second Punic War. Hannibal, the Carthaginian general, avenges this defeat in the Second Punic War. He attacks Italy through Spain and France, but doesnt take Rome. He attacks Italy through Spain and France, but doesnt take Rome. Rome Triumphs Rome Triumphs Roman general Scipio defeats Hannibal in 202 B.C. Roman general Scipio defeats Hannibal in 202 B.C. Rome destroys Carthage and enslaves its people in the Third Punic War from 149-146 B.C. Rome destroys Carthage and enslaves its people in the Third Punic War from 149-146 B.C.
  • Slide 11
  • Hannibal crossing the Alps in the Second Punic War