...the Fully Enlightened One - Navidu Samarakkodi

download ...the Fully Enlightened One - Navidu Samarakkodi

of 24

  • date post

    12-Nov-2014
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    124
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

description

about the life of the Buddha

Transcript of ...the Fully Enlightened One - Navidu Samarakkodi

...THE FULLY ENLIGHTENED ONE

Navidu Samarakkodi

...the Fully Enlightened One...A booklet based on the Bodhisattva's lay life of his last birth, in which he freed many from the bind of sorrow...

1

NAVIDU SAMARAKKODIAcknowledgementsI, Navidu Samarakkodi, would like to thank every person that has been an assistance in the authoring of this booklet, and also apologizes for any unknowns that have been a help in the success of this booklet. I also apologize any party whose copyrights have been overlooked, and would be happy to rectify any misunderstandings. This booklet was published for the main purpose of the writers education, and for reading purposes for the good of many. Acknowledgements especially go out to: First to begin with, Dinushke Arthanayake, my dhamma school teacher, who acted as the vital fuel that makes the engine run, no matter how strong it is (I would rather call him the silent-killer)! All my past teachers who created the anti-rusting material to sustain the metal all this time. Guide to the Study of Theravada Buddhism series published by the YMBA Colombo. A Manual of Buddhism by Narada Thera. Images courtesy of our photos at Thailand, Microsoft Clip-Art Gallery, Buddhabasa Blogspot, kushalathero.elakiri.com, Kelani Vihara Murals courtesy of Guide to the Study of Therevada Buddhism series, The Life of the Buddha Part I & II by Rev. Siridhamma.

2

...THE FULLY ENLIGHTENED ONE

Navidu Samarakkodi

...the Fully Enlightened One...3

NAVIDU SAMARAKKODI

Namo Tassa, Bhagavato, Arahato, Samma-sambuddhassa! Namo Tassa, Bhagavato, Arahato, Samma-sambuddhassa! Namo Tassa, Bhagavato, Arahato, Samma-sambuddhassa!

Homage to Him, the Blessed One, the Exalted One, the FullyEnlightened One!

4

...THE FULLY ENLIGHTENED ONE

ContentsChapter 1.0 Before Birth

1.1 Niyata Vivarana (First Affirmation) .............................................................................. 07 1.2 Invitation of the Devas and the Five Great Observations ........................................... 08 1.3 The Bodhisatva is conceived ........................................................................................ 09 1.4 Bodhisattvas Birth...........................................................................................................

Chapter 2.0

His Lay Life

2.1 Prince Siddharthas Childhood ........................................................................................ 2.1.1 King Suddhodana worships his son First instance 2.1.2 Ascetic Asitas change of emotions 2.1.3 The Naming Ceremony 2.1.4 Queen Mahamaya passes away to Tusita Heaven 2.1.5 The king worships his son the second time The Ploughing Ceremony 2.2 His Youth .......................................................................................................................... 2.2.1 The king tries to isolate the prince from misery 2.2.2 Prince Siddhartha marries his cousin, Princess Yasodhara 2.3 The Four Visions ..............................................................................................................

Chapter 3.0

...Now or Never...

3.1 ...A Rahula is Born to Me ........................................................................................... 3.2 Kisa Gotami utters the Nibbuta Pada ............................................................................ 3.3 Now or NeverThe Great Renunciation ........................................................................

Appendix 01Affirmations of the Past Buddhas Glossary (of Pali Terms)5

NAVIDU SAMARAKKODI

This booklet is dedicated to all beings wanting to follow that straight and narrow ethical middle path...

6

...THE FULLY ENLIGHTENED ONE

Chapter 1.0Before Birth

1.1 Niyata Vivarana (First Affirmation)The Fully-Enlightened One, Exalted and Omniscient, had to undergo years and years of paramitha, fulfilling each of the ten perfections, and among his many previous lives, mentioned in the Jataka Tales, he received Niyata Vivarana from approximately 24 buddhas such as Dipankara Buddha, Mangala Buddha, Sumana Buddha and Revata Buddha; etc, and also from people such as his mother, and according to Buddhist Literature, even when he was a Naga and lion too (though the exact prophecy would be from a Buddha himself). But, however, His First Affirmation was in his life as Sumedha, where he received Niyata Vivarana from Dipankara Buddha (who was the 4th Buddha in line starting from Tanhankara). Thousands of aeons (kappa or incalculable years) ago, the Bodhisatva (of our present Gotama Buddha Sasana), was born as a certain Brahmin child, in the city of Amorn. His name was Sumedha, known in Sinhala as Sumedha Tpasa. His parents passed away when he was at a very young age. He therefore inherited a lot of gold, money and wealth from his parents, who was of a very high rank (at that time, when the class system was present). When he had then grown up, he started thinking that though his ancestors; grandparents and parents had collected so much of wealth and money, they did not take at least one piece of gold along with them when they left the world. He realized that it would be better if he took good use of what they left behind for him, and thinking such, he went to the king and requested the king to add his wealth to the royal treasuries, saying I do not like this household life. I prefer to be a hermit. The king refused to take any of his wealth and told Sumedha to do whatever he likes with it. Sumedha distributed all his wealth among the poor and needy and then left to the Himalayas, and in the Himalayan forests he dwelt a hermits life. He meditated in the peaceful atmospheres, and by striving hard, gained Jhnas in no time. Once when he was travelling through air (using his physic powers), he saw the citizens beneath him enthusiastically decorating the roads and filling up muddy and dilapidated areas. Curiously he asked them Noble men, could you please tell me whom you are decorating the roads for?. The men replied that the holy Dipankara Buddha who has unveiled the dhamma is coming to their city of Ramma and hence they are decorating and repairing the roads with respect for him. He kindly asked if he could help in fixing the roads for the Buddha too. Friends, kindly give me a portion of the road to fill-up and decorate please. The town folk gave him a section of the path to fill up. Some stories say that knowing Sumedhas powers, he was asked to bring some soil down to fill a big muddy hole. He had then also worked manually rather than using his powers which he thought was not worthy enough to respect the Buddha. However, in all stories, it ends in Sumedha not being able to complete his portion of land when Dipankara Buddha arrived. He respectfully laid down his deerskin he had, untied his hair, and laying it down, he laid down on the muddy hole himself too, addressing the Buddha to walk on him instead. While lying down on the road he thought to himself It would be useless for me to attain nirvana alone by being an arahant. I would like to some day become a Buddha like Dipankara Buddha and attain Full Enlightement to be of service7

NAVIDU SAMARAKKODI

to mankind and bring men and gods to cross the rivers of passion and enter the realms of the noble truths. Dipankara Buddha, realizing his wish, scanned the future to see if his wish would come true. He saw that the Brahmin would in his future births, after many lives of fulfilling perfections, would become a Buddha by the name Gautama. He addressed the bhikkus that were with him and declared This ascetic lying on the mud will, after a hundred thousand aeons and four incalculable years (Asankheyya) from now, become a Buddha by the name of Gautama. Honour him as he is worthy of respect. Hermit Sumedha was extremely happy and for many years and lives kept on fulfilling perfections. This was his First Affirmation where he received Niyata Vivarana from Buddha Dipankara. Later on, he was prophesized firmly, by 23 other Buddhas, that he would attain enlightenment as Gautama Buddha (refer Appendix).

1.2 Invitation of the Devas and the Five Great ObservationsGautama Bodhisattva had completed all the 30 necessary perfections (Paramita) by after his last human existence as Wessantara, and was then born in the Devaloka Tusita (Tusita Heaven), where he lived for 576 Million human years, enjoying heavenly happiness. When the correct timing for the appearance of the next Buddha, the twenty-eighth, all the Devas and Brahmas assembled and approaching the Gautama Bodhisattva, said kindly, All these past eons you were fulfilling worldly perfections, not to be born anything else like a Sakka, Brahma, or a Universal Monarch, but a Buddha to be born in the human world to be of service to them for the welfare of many. Now the time has arrived for you to take up the noble service of a Buddha. The Bodhisattva accepted the invitation, but before implantation in a human uterus, he too, like all past Bodhisattvas, made the Five Great Observations (Panca Maha Vilokana). They were namely: 1. Kla Time 2. Dpa Continent 3. Dsa Country 4. Kula Clan 5. Mt Mother8

...THE FULLY ENLIGHTENED ONE

1.3 The Bodhisattva is ConceivedHe chose Asia as the continent, with the country being Jambudvpa (India), where all other Buddhas were born. It is still known that all Buddhas were, and will be born in India. He chose the warrior clan of the Sakyans, to be his clan, with his mother being Queen Mahamaya, the wife of King Suddhodhana of Kapilavattu in the Madhya Pradesa. The conception took place early morning under the Uttarasalha (nakkhatta) asterism on the full-moon day of the month of Esala (JulyAugust; in the present, July). It is said that the earth quaked and 32 other miracles had occurred too. At the tim