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Transcript of South korea!
- 1.SOOREA THK U capital land area language population products early history
2. Capital South Korea is Seoul, the second largest metropolitan city in the world and a major global city. 3. Land area South Korea is located in East Asia, on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula jutting out from the far east of the Asian land mass. The only country with a land border to South Korea is North Korea, lying to the north with 238 km of border running along the DMZ. South Korea is mostly surrounded by water and has 2,413 km of coast line along three seas. To the west, is the Yellow Sea, to the south is the East China Sea, and to the east is the Ulleung-do, and Lian court Rocks (Dokdo in Korean) in the Sea of Japan (also called East Sea).Geographically, South Korea's land mass is approximately 100,032 square kilometers 290 square kilometers of South Korea are occupied by water. The approximate coordinates are 37 North, 127 30 East. 4. language Korean ( / , see below) is the official language of North Korea and South Korea. It is also one of the two official languages in the Yanbian Chosunjok Autonomous Prefecture in China. There are about 78 million Korean speakers.It was formerly written using Hanja, borrowed Chinese characters pronounced in the Korean way. In the 15th century a national writing system was developed by Sejong the Great, nowadays called Hangul.The genealogical classification of the Korean language is debated. Some linguists place it in the Altaic language family, while others consider it to be a language isolate. It is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax. 5. population The South Korea population is around 49 million. This makes the population density 480 per square kilometer. Seoul, the national capital, is one of the most populated cities in the world with a population of well over 10 million. From1970 to the 1990s the country went through economic expansion and during this time rapid migrationtook place in urban areas. The other populated cities in South Korea are Busan,Incheon, Daegu, Daejeon, Gwangju, and Ulsan. The majority of the South Korean population is concentrated to the northwest of the country.The population of South Korea has seen an increase in the number of the non-Koreans in the country. According to statistics, there were 378,000 non-Koreans in April 2005. But more than half of this population had an unauthorized entry to the country. They are mostly from South and Southeast Asian countries, Nigeria, and former Soviet Union countries. The birth rate in South Korea is around 10 births per 1000 population while the death rate is approximately 5.85 deaths per 1000 population. 6. products PORCELAiN A mixture of high quality materials such as clay and kaolin is heated at 800 degrees Celsius before applying a glaze. It is fired again at 1300 degrees Celsius until fine, needlelike crystals are formed from clay in a series of chemical reactions. Finally, recoated with pearl titanium, it takes on the shape of a water droplet.LiGHTiNGS Pursues the Korean beauty of refined space, which meets the international Zen trend by applying simple and elegant design.MOTHER-OF-PEARL iTEMS Made out of nickel or gold plated metal. Its minimum order is 500EA. 7. Early history N iLiZATiO CiV Korea is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, first inhabited as early as the Lower Paleolithic. South Korea was established in 1948 and has since become one of the two full democracies in Asia. Following the Korean War, the South Korean economy grew significantly, transforming the country into a major global economy. South Korea's economic growth is known as the Miracle on the Han River, and South Korea today is considered one of the Four Asian Tigers. South Korea has an international outlook with memberships in the United Nations, WTO, OECD and G-20 major economies. It is also a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit, being a major non-NATO ally of the United States.South Korea is a developed country. It has the fourth-largest economy in Asia and a High-income OECD member, classified as an Advanced economy by the CIA and IMF. Today, it is among the world's fastest growing advanced economies and is leading the Next Eleven nations; its economic success serves as a role model for many developing countries. South Korea has a high-tech and futuristic infrastructure, and is a world leader in technologically advanced goods such as electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics, headed by Samsung, LG, and Hyundai-Kia. It is a global leader in the fields of education, having the world's highest scientific literacy and second highest mathematical literacy. Since the 21 st century, South Korea's modern culture has become popular in Asia and beyond in a phenomenon known as the Korean wave. 8. THE THREE KiNGDOMS GOGURYEO Goguryeo, eventually the largest of the three kingdoms, had several capitals in alternation: two capitals in the upper Yalu area, and later Nangrang ( : Lelang in Chinese) which is now part of Pyongyang. At the beginning, the state was located on the border with China; it gradually expanded into Manchuria and destroyed the Chinese Lelang commandery in 313. The cultural influence of the Chinese continued as Buddhism was adopted as the official religion in 372.BAEKjE Baekje absorbed or conquered other Mahan chiefdoms and, at its peak in the 4th century, controlled most of the western Korean peninsula. Under attack from Goguryeo, the capital moved south to Ungjin (present-day Gongju) and later further south to Sabi (present-day Buyeo).Baekje exerted its political influence on Tamna, a kingdom of Jeju Island. Baekje maintained a close relationship with and extracted tribute from Tamna. Baekje's religious and artistic culture influenced Goguryeo and Silla.SiLLA According to Korean records, in 57 BCE, Seorabeol (or Saro, later Silla) in the southeast of the peninsula unified and expanded the confederation of city-states known as Jinhan. Although Samguk Sagi records that Silla was the earliest-founded of the three kingdoms, other written and archaeological records indicate that Silla was likely the last of the three to establish a centralized government.Renamed from Saro to Silla in 503, the kingdom annexed the Gaya confederacy (which in turn had absorbed Byeonhan earlier) in the first half of the 6th Century. Goguryeo and Baekje responded by forming an alliance 9. jOSEON DYNASTY In 1392, the general Yi Seong-gye established the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910) with a largely bloodless coup. The Joseon Dynasty is believed to have been the longest-lived actively ruling dynasty in East Asia. He named it the Joseon Dynasty in honor of the previous Joseon before (Gojoseon is the first Joseon. "Go", meaning "old", was added to distinguish between the two). King Taejo moved the capital to Hanseong (formerly Hanyang; modern-day Seoul) and built the Gyeongbokgung palace. In 1394 he adopted Confucianism as the country's official religion, resulting in much loss of power and wealth by the Buddhists. The prevailing philosophy was Neo-Confucianism, which was developed by Zhu Xi.Joseon experienced advances in science and culture. King Sejong the Great (1418-1450) promulgated hangul, the Korean alphabet. The period saw various other cultural and technological advances as well as the dominance of neo-Confucianism over the entire Peninsula.Between 1592 and 1598, Japan invaded Korea. Toyotomi Hideyoshi led the forces and tried to invade the Asian continent through Korea, but was eventually repelled before even getting through Korea. This war also saw the rise of the career of Admiral Yi Sun-shin and his "turtle ship" or gobukseon. In the 1620s and 1630s Joseon suffered invasions by the Manchu who eventually also conquered the Chinese Ming Dynasty.After invasions from Manchuria, Joseon experienced a nearly 200-year period of peace. Especially, King Yeongjo and King Jeongjo led a new renaissance of the Joseon dynasty. However, During the last years of the Joseon Dynasty, Korea's isolationist policy earned it the name the "Hermit Kingdom", primarily for protection against Western imperialism before it was forced to open trade beginning an era leading into Japanese colonial rule. 10. CONTRiBUTiONS EDUCATiON The modern Korean school system consists of 6 years in elementary school, 3 years in middle school, and 3 years in high school. Students are supposed to go to elementary and middle school, and do not have to pay for the education, except for a small fee called "School Operation Support Fee" that differs from school to school.(The teachers are paid from taxes) Most private and public schools have students wear uniforms, and are not supposed to grow their hair more than a particular length. The Programme for International Student Assessment, coordinated by the OECD, currently ranks South Korea's science education as the 3rd best in the world, being significantly higher than the OECD average. Korea also ranks 2nd on Maths and literature and 1st in problem solving. Although South Korean students often rank high on international comparative tests, the education system is sometimes criticized for its emphasis on passive learning and memorization. The Korean education system is much more strict and structured than most western societies and Korean students rarely have free time to spend enjoying themselves as they are under a lot of pressure to perform and gain entrance to a university.SCiENCE & TECHNOLOGYOne of the best known artifacts of Korea's history of science and technology is Cheomseongdae ( , ), a 9.4-meter high observatory built in 634. It is considered to be one of the world's oldest surviving astronomical observatories.The world's first metal mechanical movable type printing was developed in Korea in 1234 by Choe Yun-ui during the Goryeo Dynasty, modeled after widespread Chinese clay (Bi Sheng in 1041), several hundred years before Johann Guten