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Transcript of Returning Home
Returning HomeWW I Veterans returned find there were no jobs.Women High taxesTransition
1TaxationPre 7%After 73%
2The Red ScareAfter the war there was a strong movement toward communismUnions began going on strike Seem as a microcosm of communism
3TAV Chapter 17 The Roaring 20s41920 ElectionA return to normalcy.Warren G. Harding
5Warren G. HardingScandalsConfronted by HardingCharles Cramer-Veterans Bureau selling Govt. Med. supplies suicide2 months later Jess Smith-Selling Govt. favors suicide
6Tea Pot DomeInterior Sec. Albert B. Fall was profiting from the lease of oil reserves in T.P.D., Wyoming & Elk Hills, CA.300,000 7The AutomobileInvented in the 1890sBy the 1920s the automobile was seen as affordable for everyoneIt made it easier for people to get aroundDuring the 1920s the registration of cars jumped from 8 million to 23 million 8Henry FordBegan his Co. in 1903 to make cars1910, 30,000 Model Ts a yearTin Lizzies1914, started using assembly lines to make the Model TBlack only
9Automobiles Contd.By the Mid 1920s Chevrolet started outselling Ford by offering cars in various colors
10Charles LindberghFrom MinnesotaStunt pilot and delivered air mail1927, at age 25 Lindbergh flew non-stop across the Atlantic OceanNew York to ParisPaid $25,000 Lucky Lindy
11Flew the Spirit of St. Louis More Leisure TimeBy the mid 1920s the average work week was around 50 hoursPreviously in 1900, the average work week was around 60 hours
12RadioIn 1920, only 20,000 people had homemade receivers. Frank Conrad, began broadcasting music & baseball scores from Pittsburgh. Fall 1920, the first commercial radio station started in PittsburghKDKA1020 AM13Radio ContinuedBy 1922, over 500 radio stations were in operation.Networks started playing the same programs nationwide.
14The Jazz AgeAfter WW I ended many of the young people began going to college and looking to their friends for behavioral standardsDuring the 1920s a combination of jazz, blues, & Dixieland music caught the attention of young peopleDance halls were packed and many dance contests took place15The Jazz Age ContdMany of the popular dances originated in the black communitiesTurkey TrotCharlestonThere was a more carefree approach to livingOther youthful pranks were flagpole sitting and goldfish eating
16The silly pranks of sitting on flagpoles, eating goldfish, along with dancing, and changing social values were ways people used to help forget about the terrible war. Goldfish Swallowing
17Flagpole SittingAlvin Shipwreck KelleyFirst started the fad in response to a dare.The first time he was up 13 hours & 13 minutes.The record is 49 days held by Kelley.
18Social ChangesWomen began to wear more revealing clothesKnees and arms were actually exposed!Discussions of sex became more prevalent Women started to use make-upMake-up had previously only been used by actresses and prostitutesThe Flapper was the nickname given to women who embraced the dress & behavior of the timeMore women entered the workforce Many Contd. to work even after getting married19The name Flapper came from the women dancing with their boots open and the tops flapping around. Managerial RevolutionStudy of how work gets doneTaylorismWhite-Westinghouse Studies20Welfare CapitalismBenefits21Section 322Increase in NativismFear of immigrants
23Immigration 1921, Emergency Quota Act-Restricted immigration to 3%1924, National Origins Act-restricted immigration to 2% of the 1890 census.
24Sacco & VanzettiApril 15, 1920, 2 men robbed & killed 2 shoe store employees.Sacco & Vanzetti were picked up for the crime Gun & bulletsProfessed anarchistsExecuted August 23, 1927
25Increase in the KKKFormer Confederate OfficersNathan Bedford ForrestRe-est. In 1915 under William J. SimmonsFlourished during the 1920sGreat MigrationImmigration
26The Jazz AgeAfter WW I ended many of the young people began going to college and looking to their friends for behavioral standardsDuring the 1920s a combination of jazz, blues, & Dixieland music caught the attention of young peopleDance halls were packed and many dance contests took place27FundamentalismThe theory of evolution was growing b/c of Darwin. The Fundamentalist rejected the new scientific viewsThe Bible is the inspired word of God and is literally correct.28Prohibition Temperance Movement 1815Jan. 20, 1919, the 18th Amendment was ratified.The Amendment took affect in Jan. 1920.
29Volstead Act Treasury Dept. over enforcing prohibitionSpeakeasies