PSYA3- Aggression

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PSYA3- Aggression. You must be able to understand what is meant by the term aggression. You should be able to understand the SLT of aggression. You could be able to evaluate this theory of aggression. Starter. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • PSYA3- AggressionYou must be able to understand what is meant by the term aggression.You should be able to understand the SLT of aggression.You could be able to evaluate this theory of aggression

  • StarterUsing the mini white boards, write down the main reasons why deindividuation causes aggression

    Anonymity- knowing you wont be accountable for your actions.Diffusion of responsibility- feeling less responsibility for your actions because they are shared in the group.Group size- a larger group increases the above two factors.

  • Recent evidence

  • How does the media influence aggression?Violence on TelevisionAdvertsMagazinesVideo gamesFilms

    Do you think there has been an increase in aggression in children?

  • How do you define media?Media is a subjective word as some people see video games, music, DVDs as media as well as the obvious things like radio, newspapers, TV and magazines. This is a problem for most of the methods

  • Process of ModellingATTENTION.RETENTIONREPRODUCTIONMOTIVATION.

    Remember ARRM.

  • Social Learning theory and AggressionBandura:Aggression is learnt through the observation of others.( Models)Vicarious learning is when we watch others get rewarded or punished for behaviour, then we imitate the behaviour depending on the consequences.Reciprocal determinism is when the individual and the environment interact and impact on each other shaping our behaviour.

  • Operationalisation of group behaviour- There is no agreed definition for what constitutes a group display. Does it incorporate a crowd, a social movement, a psychology class, a church congregation, a riot, a Womens Institute meeting? Does it include a group of strangers who have just met and a group of friends who have been meeting for 20 years? It probably includes all of these groups of people. These groups are all very diverse and that the dynamics of each group may have little in common. It seems unlikely that one explanation can adequately explain all the different types of behaviour that these groups would display. Also, many of the explanations overlap and it is difficult to disentangle the value of each.

  • Retrospective explanations- The explanations of group display in humans typically involve looking back at past events and explaining them using a particular or theory. It seems relatively easy to look back at an event and then explain the behaviour displayed in terms of a particular theory. Many of the theories are also poor at predicting group behaviour. It is difficult to predict when a group will be aggressive and when it will remain peaceful. A good theory should be able to predict behaviour

  • Success of modellingModels are imitated depending on:Consequences of models behaviourStatus, same sexPaying attentionEncouragement of behaviour.ConsistencyRelevance e.g. aggressive is viewed as a male characteristic.Appropriate. Male aggressive models more likely to be imitated.

  • Cultural differencesDo all cultures have the same view of what is aggressive?Consider types of sportsExpectations of behaviour within genderThe type of lifestyle we lead

  • A02- Dont forget IDASSupport for the SLT theory of AggressionBanduras Bobo Doll experiment evidence.(S)Feldmans research using practical applications in Prisons to reduce aggressive behaviour.(s)Zimbardos Prison study. Guards internalised aggressive and abusive behaviour.(S)Kaufman (1987) aggressive parents raise aggressive children who go onto to be aggressive towards their own children.(D)Individual and cultural differences.(I)

    Limitations of SLT theory of aggression.Modelling cannot explain all aggressive behaviour.Fails to take into account Biology. (A).Bobo Doll designed for play not real aggression.Johnston (1977) Labelling triggers aggression not modelling.Biased sample population, leading to Demand characteristics.(I)