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    07/05/201207/05/2012 Jamaludin Yaakob 1

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    At the end of the lecture students should acquire theseabilities:

    To discuss the legal basis

    To analyse the purpose

    To examine the procedure

    To explain the assessment of market value

    To evaluate the validity

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    Torrens System NLC 1965 land belongs tostate

    Powers of disposal - alienation -reversion

    Land state matter

    Land development by Federal & State

    State needs to acquire alienated land fromregistered proprietor of alienated land

    Definition of land acquisition

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    Chiranjit Lal v. Union of India AIR 1951 SC 41

    Acquisition means the acquiring of the entire

    title of the expropriated owner, whatever thenature or extent of that title may be. The entire

    bundle of rights which were vested in the originalholder would pass on acquisition to the acquirer

    leaving nothing to the former.

    At page 51

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    Citizens view

    strictly contrary to freedom of property in capitalist society.

    Role/function of government welfare of society where

    land is required to carry out this function land acquisitionbecomes necessary.

    States view

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    Legal Principle

    Solus populi suprema lex

    the public interest is paramount and that private interestmay in certain circumstances be subordinated to the higherinterest of the public.

    Doctrine of eminent domainState of Bihar v. Kameshirar Singh

    Yeap Seak Pen v. Government of Kelantan

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    Legal Principle

    The exercise of such power has been recognised in thejurisprudence of all civilised countries as conditioned bypublic necessity and payment of compensation.

    Yeap Seak Pen v. Government of Kelantan

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    Federal Constitution (Article 13)

    Legal Principle

    a. No person shall be deprived of property save inaccordance with law.

    b. No law shall provide for compulsory acquisition or use

    of property without adequate compensation.

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    Charanjit Lal v. Union of India

    Legal Principle

    It is a right of every sovereign to take and appropriateprivate property belonging to individual citizens for publicuse. This right which is described as eminent domain inAmerican law, is like the power of taxation, an offspring ofpolitical necessity and it is supposed to be based upon animplied reservation by government that property acquiredby its citizens under its protection may be taken or its useis controlled for public benefit irrespective of the wishes ofthe owner.BK Mukherjee J.

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    LAND ACQUISITION

    Federal Constitution

    National Land Code 1965

    Land Acquisition Act 1960 (Rev. 1965)

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    Public Purpose

    Syed Omar al-Sagoff & Anor v. Government of the State of

    Johore [1979] 1 MLJ 49

    Purpose

    Kulaisingam & Anor v. Commissioner of Lands, FederalTerritory & Anor [1982] 1 MLJ 204

    Yeap Seok Pen v. Government of State of Kelantan [1982]

    2 MLJ 202 Stamford Holdings Sdn. Bhd. V. Kerajaan Negeri Johor &

    4 Ors. [1995] 2 AMR 1138

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    Section 3 Land Acquisition Act 1960

    More cases on Public Purpose

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    1. Declarations of Acquisition

    (sections 4,5 & 6 - Forms A & B)

    PROCEDURE

    2. Enquiry(section 9 - Form E)

    3. Award (sections 14 & 16 - Forms G & H)

    4. Taking Possession (section 22 - Form K)5. Payment (section 29)

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    Note:Importance of Procedure

    6. Reference to Court(section 36, 37, 3843)

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    PROCEDURE

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    Importance of Procedure

    Article 13(1):

    No person can be deprived of property except in accordancewith law.

    Goh Seng Peow & Sons Realty v. CLR WP [1986] 2 MLJ

    395

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    PROCEDURE

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    1. Declarations of Acquisition

    Section 4 - Form A

    Preliminary Declaration (Declaration of Intention

    It enables the State Authority to enter land and carryout investigation/inspection, survey, soil test, etc.

    Section 5 - Form B

    State Authority prepares Schedule of land affected bythe intended acquisition exercise.

    Section 7 - Form C

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    PROCEDURE

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    1. Declarations of Acquisition

    Section 8 - Form D

    Declaration of Acquisition

    If investigation proves site suitable for purpose ofacquisition then State Authority issues Declaration ofAcquisition in Form D

    Period between Form A and Form B 12 months

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    PROCEDURE

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    Significant of Form D

    Market Value:

    Notice of RDT:

    o Form D is issued within 6 months of Form A marketvalue as at date of Form A

    Form D is issued after 6 months of Form A marketvalue as date of Form D

    Notice of acquisition endorse in RDT on date of Form D

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    PROCEDURE

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    Significant of Form D

    Award

    Acquisition exercise lapses:

    within 2 years of Form D otherwise the declarationunder section 4 lapses.

    Form D is issued after 12 months of Form A Acquisitionlapses.

    Award not paid within 2 years of Form D

    Conclusive Evidence [s.8(3)]:

    Purpose of acquisition permits by the Act

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    2. Enquiry

    PROCEDURE

    Purposes:

    To investigate interested parties and their status withrespect to the land.

    To hear claims or objections

    To determine value of land prepare valuation report

    To make awards

    Section 11 -Form F

    Notice requiring written answer

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    Section 9 -Form E

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    3. Award

    PROCEDURE

    Section 14- Form G:

    Written award of compensation

    Section 16 - Form H:

    Notice of award and offer of compensation

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    4. TAKING POSSESSION

    PROCEDURE

    Section 22 -Form K:

    Notice that possession of land has been taken

    Entry in Document of Title

    Memorial in RTD Surrender of IDT

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    Section 24 -Form L:

    Notice to deliver IDT

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    4. TAKING POSSESSION

    PROCEDURE

    Section 19 -Form I:

    Certificate of Urgency

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    Section 58 -Form Q:

    Notice to occupy temporarily

    Section 20 -Form J:

    Notice to vacate building/land under certificate of urgency

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    5. PAYMENT OF AWARD

    PROCEDURE

    Section 29(1) as soon as may be

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