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Transcript of Nouns, Pronouns, and · PDF file pronouns and 2 sentences using demonstrative pronouns....

  • Nouns, Pronouns, and Adjectives

    Seventh Grade Grammar

  • Review- What is a noun?

    O A noun names a person, place, thing, or an idea.

    Person Place Thing Idea (Katniss) (District 12) (Bow) (Bravery)

  • Collective Nouns

    O Nouns that name groups of people or things. O Club

    O Herd

    O Orchestra

    O Committee

    O Class

  • Which of these are collective nouns?

    1. Collar club fur

    2. Team dish claw

    3. Ball litter toys

    4. Snout group paw

    5. Ribbon brush class

  • Which of these are collective nouns?

    1. Collar club fur

    2. Team dish claw

    3. Ball litter toys

    4. Snout group paw

    5. Ribbon brush class

  • Challenge O WRITE YOUR ANSWER ON YOUR

    PAPER. What is the difference between plural nouns and collective nouns?

    O A plural noun represents more than one of something (elephants, birds).

    O A collective noun is a singular noun that represents a group of things (a herd, a flock).

  • Compound Nouns

    O A noun made up of two or more words

    Separate Words Hyphenated Words

    Combined Words

    Post office Bull’s-eye Flagship

    Middle school Daughter-in-law Railroad

    Golden Gate Bridge

    Left-hander Doorknob

  • Practicing Identifying Nouns

    O Complete exercises 1 and 2 on Workbook page 3

  • Common vs. Proper Nouns

    O Common Noun: names any one of a class of people, places, and things; not capitalized

    O Proper Noun: names a specific person, place, or thing; capitalized

    church VS Notre Dame

  • Types of Pronouns 7th Grade Grammar

  • Antecedents of Pronouns  The noun or group of nouns for which a pronoun stands.

     The firefighters explained how they did their jobs.  Finally the rescue worker appeared . She appeared to

    be unharmed.

     How Kim was rescued is amazing. It is a story that will be told often.

     Everyone knows the truth.  Indefinite pronoun

     Doesn’t need an antecedent because its meaning is clear without one.

     The noun and its pronoun antecedent must always agree.

     Make sure that your reader can tell what antecedent the pronoun is referring to.

     Tom gave Jerry his pencils to take to his next class.

  • Personal Pronouns O Refer to the person speaking (1st), the person

    being spoken to (2nd), or the person, place, or thing being spoken about (3rd).

    Singular Plural

    1st I, me, my, mine We, us, our, ours

    2nd You, your, yours You, your, yours

    3rd He, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its

    They, them, their, theirs

  • Personal Pronouns O Personal pronouns can be

    SUBJECTIVE (subject of sentence) O you O he or she O it O we O they

    O Personal pronouns can be OBJECTIVE (direct object or object of preposition) O me O you O him O her O it O us O them

    O Personal pronouns can be POSSESSIVE O my, mine O your, yours, O his O her, hers O its O ours O their, theirs

  • Practice with personal pronouns:

    O Complete exercise 1 on page 7 of your workbook. Additionally, identify whether each pronoun is first, second, or third person. Also identify whether each pronoun is subjective, objective, or possessive.

  • Demonstrative Pronouns

    O Points to a specific person, place, or thing

    O Be careful: These words can also function as adjectives

    Singular Plural

    This That These Those

    Demonstrative pronouns are often used in infomercials.

  • Practice Demonstrative Pronouns

    Decide if it is a pronoun or an adjective. 1. This is my house. 2. This teddy bear is for sale. 3. These cats are cute. 4. These are the cutest cats. 5. Those dogs like to bark.

  • Interrogative Pronouns

    O Interrogative pronouns are used to begin a question.

    What Which Who

    Whom Whose

  • Practice with Interrogative and Demonstrative Pronouns

    O http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writ ing_grammar_08/grade7/exercise_ban k/chapter14/wag7_act_14-2b.cfm

    O Practice O Write 2 sentences using interrogative

    pronouns and 2 sentences using demonstrative pronouns.

    http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade7/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag7_act_14-2b.cfm http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade7/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag7_act_14-2b.cfm http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade7/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag7_act_14-2b.cfm http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade7/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag7_act_14-2b.cfm http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade7/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag7_act_14-2b.cfm

  • Indefinite Pronouns Do not refer to a

    definite person or thing O anybody – Anybody can see the

    truth. O anything – Anything can happen if

    you just believe. O either – Either will do. O enough – Enough is enough. O everybody – Everybody was

    invited. O little – Little is known about this

    period of history. O no one – No one thinks that you

    are mean O nothing – Nothing is impossible. O other – One was singing while the

    other played the piano.

    O something – Something makes me

    want to dance. O whoever – Whoever did this? O whichever – Choose whichever is

    better. O both – Both are guilty. O several – Several were chosen. O most – Most would agree. O some – Some of the biscuits have

    been eaten. O such – Such is life.

    http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/anybody http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/anything http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/either http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/enough http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/everybody http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/little http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/no_one http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/nothing http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/other http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/something http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/whoever http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/whichever http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/both http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/several http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/most http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/some http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/some

  • Indefinite Pronouns

    O Practice: Complete Exercises 1 and 2 on workbook page 11.

  • More Pronoun Practice

    Ohttp://www.phschool.com/atsc hool/writing_grammar_08/gra de8/exercise_bank/chapter14 /wag8_act_14-2c.cfm

    http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade8/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag8_act_14-2c.cfm http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade8/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag8_act_14-2c.cfm http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade8/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag8_act_14-2c.cfm http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade8/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag8_act_14-2c.cfm http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade8/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag8_act_14-2c.cfm http://www.phschool.com/atschool/writing_grammar_08/grade8/exercise_bank/chapter14/wag8_act_14-2c.cfm

  • Using Adjectives as Modifiers

    OAdjectives modify (slightly

    change) nouns and pronouns. OThey tell more about the noun

    or pronoun: What kind? Which one? How many? How much?

    new car striped tie

    this swan every page

    one hamburger many geese

    no food little rain

  • Using Adjectives as Modifiers

    OPractice: Workbook Page 21, Exercise 1

  • Using Articles O Articles ALWAYS come before the noun or

    pronoun they modify. O Articles answer the question “Which one?”.

    Definite article Indefinite article Indefinite article

    The A (for consonant

    sounds) An (for vowel

    sounds)

    refers to a specific person, place, or thing

    point out a type of person, place, or thing, but do not refer to a specific

    one

    the canon the trumpeter

    swan

    a yellow hat a happy time

    a onetime nesting area

    a unicorn

    an endangered bird

    an honest person an old map an uncle

  • Using Articles O Distinguishing Between Definite and Indefinite Articles. Fill in

    each blank with the kind of article described in the parentheses.

    O EXAMPLE: the large tiger (definite) O 1. ________ honorable person (indefinite)

    O 2. ________ new novel (definite)

    O 3. ________ elderly man (indefinite)

    O 4. ________ impossible undertaking (indefinite)

    O 5. ________ uniform with gold braid (indefinite)

    O 6. ________ old, stone castle (indefinite)

    O 7. ________ one-sided game (indefinite)

    O 8. ________ small, green parakeet (definite)

    O 9. ________ unwritten essay (indefinite)

    O 10. ________ road to success (definite)

  • Using Nouns as Adjectives O Nouns can sometimes be used as

    adjectives. O A noun used as an adjective usually

    comes directly before another noun. O It answers the quest