LS Dyna Tutorial - Impact
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Impact Analysis Using LS-DynaTutorial Click to edit Master subtitle style
Problem Definition Primary requirement for the impact / drop
Boundary condition Initial Velocity
Contact Definition based on element strategy.
Main Steps involved in setting up a simulation Import Geometry Define Element Type, Material, Section Properties
(Real Constants)2 2 Meshing
Starting LS-Dyna using AnsysUsing Ansys Product Launcher. Set License to Ansys Academic Research
GeometryImport geometry through various cad
translators using menu shown below.
Catia, Pro-e or Parasolid
Material Models in LS-DynaMaterial input GUI consistent and similar to
I II III IV V
Mesh and Element TypeLS-Dyna Element type in Ansys
pre-post are 16x series element. LINK160: 3-D explicit pin-jointed truss
(similar to LINK8) BEAM161: 3-D explicit beam (similar to
BEAM4) PLANE162: 2-D explicit planar solid
(similar to PLANE42) SHELL163: 3-D explicit thin shell
(similar to SHELL181) SOLID185)
SOLID164: 3-D explicit brick (similar to
COMBI165: 3-D explicit spring or
damper (similar to COMBIN14)
Defining ContactThere are various contact families
Single Surface Contact Algorithm Nodes-to-Surface Contact Algorithm Surface-to-Surface Contact
General (Basic) Contact Family Automatic Contact Family Rigid Contact Family7 7
Tied Contact Family Tiebreak Contact Family
Boundary ConditionApply boundary condition in the Constraints
module, it includes fixed condition for immovable parts like floor or wall.
Boundary ConditionInitial velocity is most commonly used input
for a impact/drop test.components.
Initial Velocities are applied on node
Solution- Ls Dyna SolverThe termination time is the actual time for
which the simulation of physical process is run (often in ms).
Output request and frequencySpecify how often results for the entire
model are written.
can output a series of LS-DYNA ASCII output
files that contain specialized information
GLSTAT BNDOUT RWFORC DEFORC MATSUM NCFORC RCFORC DEFGEO SPCFORC
- Global statistics data - Boundary condition forces and Rigid wall forces Discrete element forces Material energies summary Nodal interface forces Resultant interface forces Deformed geometry data Single point constraint reaction Nodal constraint reaction forces Rigid body data Geometry contact entities Sliding interface energies data Joint force data Node data
SWFORC RBDOUT GCEOUT SLEOUT JNTFORC NODOUT
Post ProcessingPOST1, the ANSYS General PostprocessorAnimation Deformation, Stresses
Post Processing : Time HistoryPOST26 Time History PostprocessorPlot time-history curves, plot acceleration,
velocity, displacement vs time .
Access LS Dyna Ascii output files.
Example Plate impacting Plate
DefinitionA Shell Elements drop and rebounds from a
Plate measure 40*40*1 mm3 (16 elements) Dropped shell has 10mm side length and 2
Drop height is 10mm Element formulation is Belutschko-Tsay Define a surface to surface contact with 2
Define the elastic plate as Master and 5/3/12
impacting shell as slave.
Set-UpFor model setup we use various option in
the preprocessor tab.
Create 2 areas with required dimension as
shown below (Preprocessor-Modelingcreate-).Transform drop shell to required drop
MeshingDefine Element Type 163 (Preprocessor-Elementtype-add/edit/delete-)
Part should be defined using right
combination of material , real contact , element type. Before meshing this has set and can be confirmed at status bar.
Part 1 2 Status Bar
Material 1 1
Element Type 1 1
Real constant 1 2
Meshing contDefine Real Constant to assign section
properties or thicknesses. For each thickness there should be one real constant. (Preprocessor-Real Constants)
Meshing ContMaterial PropertiesDefine material properties for various parts
using option shown below. (PreprocessorMaterial Props-Material Models)
Creating PartsAssign the correct material, section
properties and element type to create parts. be a group of elements that have the same combination of element type, real constant set, and material reference numbers (Preprocessor-Meshing Mesh Attributes)
For LS-Dyna to recognize a part, its should
Repeat this to all area/components
Revisiting MeshingSet line seeding or element size.
(Preprocessor-Meshing-Mesh tool-Set) solid, shell or beam elements.
Mesh Volume ,Areas and lines to generate Refer images below to access the meshing
Creating ComponentsWe need to create node and elements
Adding Constrains to a group of nodes Defining Velocity to a part (part nodes need to
be grouped)Defining a master surface and node surface
(associated nodes of surface need to be grouped)To request output for required parts/region of
In this model create node and element
component for both the areas you could name
Adding Constrains to ModelThe plate is fixed at its boundaries
(Preprocessor-LS-DYNA-Constraints-On Nodes) desired nodes to apply the constrains. options to add constrain.
Create a node component or select the Refer images below to access the menu
Defining contactsIn this model we will create a Automatic
Surface to Surface Contact. Choose the moving plate as contact surface and fixed plate as target surface. (Preprocessor-LSDYNA-Contact-DefineContact)
Initial VelocityThe moving plate has initial velocity of
100,000 mm/s in vertical direction.
Initial velocity can be applied using option
under LS-Dyna Option tab as show below. (Preprocessor-LS-DYNA-Initial Velocityw/Nodal Rotate)
Solution SettingAs per problem definition end time is
0.0002 sec, remember that most of impact problem occur over a time of ms. (Solution Time Controls Solution Time)
We now use option in the solution tab
Output ControlsIn output controls weRequest for both Ansys and LS-Dyna Result
Set the frequency at which result files are Request for Special Ascii files which has
information on system energies, Nodal and You could request for 10 Elemental results. Ascii files at a time the mostSelect the components for which Time-History
results has to be written.27 27
frequent used are Global statistics data Boundary condition forces and energy Material energies summary Geometry contact entities Node data
Solution and ResultsClick on the Solve option in run the
simulation (Solution Solve)
As Discussed before this example Post
processing option are test.avi General Post Proc Time History Post Pro 5/3/12 Attached is the animation of the solved
Time- History Post ProcessingTimeHist Postpro > Variable Viewer > File
> Open > Explicit Dynamics Results (*.his) > Jobname.his