Lecture 1 Autom. of Manuf. Systems

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Manufacturing systems automation. introductory lecture.

Transcript of Lecture 1 Autom. of Manuf. Systems

  • MECT 3360 Automated Manufacturing Systems

    Manufacturing systems andProduction concepts

    Dr. Tafesse Borena

  • Information on the Blackboard Syllabus Schedule Updated regularly Homework will be available online PowerPoint will be available online

    My cont InformationEmail tgborena@uh.edu

    TAsRahul Avinash Email

  • Reference materialsText Book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-IntegratedManufacturing by Mikell P. Groover. (3rd Edition)

    References Computer Aided Manufacturing by,

    Tien-Chien Chang,Richard A.Wysk,Hsu-Pin Wang,

    Copyright Declaration

    Lectures materials are basically adopted from Mikell P. Grooverand Computer Aided Manufacturing by Tien-Chien Chang,Richard A.Wysk, and Hsu-Pin Wang,

    Text Book Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-IntegratedManufacturing by Mikell P. Groover. (3rd Edition)

    References Computer Aided Manufacturing by,

    Tien-Chien Chang,Richard A.Wysk,Hsu-Pin Wang,

    Copyright Declaration

    Lectures materials are basically adopted from Mikell P. Grooverand Computer Aided Manufacturing by Tien-Chien Chang,Richard A.Wysk, and Hsu-Pin Wang,

  • Course Objectives Automated manufacturing process planning and analysis,including CNC programming, robotics, and elements ofcomputer-aided manufacturing

    Automated manufacturing process planning and analysis,including CNC programming, robotics, and elements ofcomputer-aided manufacturing

  • Syllabus1. Manufacturing systems and Production concepts (1,2)2. Manufacturing Models and Metrics; Introduction to

    Automation; 3, 4, 53. Hardware Components for Automation and Process

    Control 64. Hardware Components of CNC machines and

    principles of CNC programming 75. Industrial Robotics, Discrete Control Using PLC and

    Personal Computers 8, 96. Material Handling System; Storage Systems 10, 11

    1. Manufacturing systems and Production concepts (1,2)2. Manufacturing Models and Metrics; Introduction to

    Automation; 3, 4, 53. Hardware Components for Automation and Process

    Control 64. Hardware Components of CNC machines and

    principles of CNC programming 75. Industrial Robotics, Discrete Control Using PLC and

    Personal Computers 8, 96. Material Handling System; Storage Systems 10, 11

  • Syllabus8. Automatic Identification and Data Capture 129. Introduction to Manufacturing Systems; Single-Station

    Manufacturing ells 13, 1410. Manual Assembly Lines, Automated Production Lines 15,

    1611. Quality Programs for Manufacturing 20, 21, 2212. Automated Assembly Systems 17, 1813. Cellular Manufacturing and Flexible Manufacturing Systems

    18, 1914. Product Design and CAD / CAM 2315. Production Planning And Control Systems; Just In-Time And

    Lean Production 25,26

    8. Automatic Identification and Data Capture 129. Introduction to Manufacturing Systems; Single-Station

    Manufacturing ells 13, 1410. Manual Assembly Lines, Automated Production Lines 15,

    1611. Quality Programs for Manufacturing 20, 21, 2212. Automated Assembly Systems 17, 1813. Cellular Manufacturing and Flexible Manufacturing Systems

    18, 1914. Product Design and CAD / CAM 2315. Production Planning And Control Systems; Just In-Time And

    Lean Production 25,26

  • Quiz 11. Define Manufacturing and Manufacturing systems.

    (Explain how you understand these terms)2. Describe the functions of Automation and the types of

    automations which you know.3. Briefly explain the following terms ( a paragraph or

    two)a. Computer Integrated manufacturingb. Flexible manufacturing systemsc. Computer Numerical Control Machines

    1. Define Manufacturing and Manufacturing systems.(Explain how you understand these terms)

    2. Describe the functions of Automation and the types ofautomations which you know.

    3. Briefly explain the following terms ( a paragraph ortwo)

    a. Computer Integrated manufacturingb. Flexible manufacturing systemsc. Computer Numerical Control Machines

  • Lecture outline

    Manufacturing systems and Production concepts Realities of modern manufacturing systems Modern manufacturing approaches and technologies Concept and elements of a manufacturing system Functions of manufacturing support systems Three basic types of automation Automation in manufacturing systems Reasons for automation Automation principles and strategies Automation migration strategy

    Manufacturing systems and Production concepts Realities of modern manufacturing systems Modern manufacturing approaches and technologies Concept and elements of a manufacturing system Functions of manufacturing support systems Three basic types of automation Automation in manufacturing systems Reasons for automation Automation principles and strategies Automation migration strategy

  • Distinctive realities of ModernManufacturing

    Globalization

    International outsourcing

    Local outsourcing -

    Globalization

    International outsourcing

    Local outsourcing -

  • Distinctive realities of ModernManufacturing Contract manufacturing

    Trend toward the service sector in the U.S.economy

    Quality expectations

    Need for operational efficiency -

    Contract manufacturing

    Trend toward the service sector in the U.S.economy

    Quality expectations

    Need for operational efficiency -

  • Modern Manufacturing Approaches andTechnologies Automation

    Material handling technologies

    Manufacturing systems -

  • Modern Manufacturing Approaches andTechnologies Flexible manufacturing

    Quality programs

    CIM Lean production -

  • Production System Defined A collection of people, equipment, and procedures

    organized to accomplish the manufacturing operations ofa company

    Two categories: Facilities

    Manufacturing support systems

    A collection of people, equipment, and proceduresorganized to accomplish the manufacturing operations ofa company

    Two categories: Facilities

    Manufacturing support systems

  • The Production System.

  • Production System FacilitiesFacilities

    Plant layout

    Manufacturing systems logical groupings of equipment andworkers in the factory Production line Stand-alone workstation and worker

    Facilities

    Plant layout

    Manufacturing systems logical groupings of equipment andworkers in the factory Production line Stand-alone workstation and worker

  • Manufacturing Systems in theProduction System.

  • Manufacturing DefinedManufacturing is a collection of interrelated operationsand activities.

    customer

    marketing

    accounting andfinancing

    budget

    stock of warehouse

    purchasing

    wholesaleand retail

    engineeringdesign

    planning andcontrol

    manufacturing

    qualitycontrol

  • Manufacturing production and processesManufacturing production is a series of processesadopted to fabricate a product.

    Manufacturing processes are the lower-levelmanufacturing activities used to make products.

    Manufacturing production is a series of processesadopted to fabricate a product.

    Manufacturing processes are the lower-levelmanufacturing activities used to make products.

  • Manufacturing engineering and systemsManufacturing engineering

    Manufacturing system is an organization thatcomprises several interrelated manufacturingsubsets.

  • Components of a Manufacturing System1. Production machines

    2. Material handling system

    3. Computer system to coordinate and/or control thepreceding components

    4. Human workers to operate and manage the system

    1. Production machines

    2. Material handling system

    3. Computer system to coordinate and/or control thepreceding components

    4. Human workers to operate and manage the system

  • Components of a Manufacturing System.

    Marketing Accounting Financing

    Design Manufacturing Product

    Planning/Control

    Manufacturing system diagram

  • Manufacturing SystemsFunctions encountered in most manufacturingsystems include:

    Product and process design product planning production operations management

    planning and control material flow management and product

    routing Layouting Accounting Personnel management Marketing

    Functions encountered in most manufacturingsystems include:

    Product and process design product planning production operations management

    planning and control material flow management and product

    routing Layouting Accounting Personnel management Marketing

  • Manufacturing systems are generally quitecomplex, they almost involve

    Manufacturing system functions can beperformed by humans or automated.

    The following essential functions can beidentified in most manufacturing systems

    Manufacturing Systems Manufacturing systems are generally quite

    complex, they almost involve

    Manufacturing system functions can beperformed by humans or automated.

    The following essential functions can beidentified in most manufacturing systems

  • Manufacturing SystemsThree categories in terms of the human participationin the processes performed by the manufacturingsystem:1. Manual work systems - a worker

    performing one or more tasks without theaid of powered tools, but sometimes usinghand tools

    2. Worker-machine systems - a workeroperating powered equipment

    3. Automated systems - a process performedby a machine without direct participation ofa human

    Three categories in terms of the human par