Justin Kenrick: Transition in Europe and Africa: Erasing the Global North/ South Divide?

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Presentation at the STEPS Conference 2010 - Pathways to Sustainability: Agendas for a new politics of environment, development and social justice http://www.steps-centre.org/events/stepsconference2010.html

Transcript of Justin Kenrick: Transition in Europe and Africa: Erasing the Global North/ South Divide?

  • 1. Transition in Europe and Africa:
    Erasing the Global North/ South Divide?
    Justin Kenrick
    University of St Andrews + Forest Peoples Programme
    Pedal: Portobello Transition Town + Holyrood350.org

2. Making Poverty in Africa and the World:2005 and 2008, speculation in world food prices > huge profits, and pushed 250,000,000 people into food insecurity and starvation (> 1 billion).2 years after 2005 G8 summit/ Make Poverty History, Geldorf said: If this is how they keep their word to the needy, who trusts them on climate change? The problem is not poverty in Africa, - it is the system driving impoverishment
Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
3. Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
4. CO2 targets guarantee catastrophe:Even if all the current promises to cut greenhouse gas emissions are honoured, the world will still see global temperatures rise by an average of 4C by the end of the century.. .This is hot enough to make most of the world uninhabitable. Professor Jacqueline McGlade EU European Env AgencyUK has cut emissions by 198 megatonnes CO2esince 1990, by outsourcing 253 mt ( & jobs)The problem is not climate change,- it is the system driving climate change
Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
5. Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
6. Failure of Copenhagen
Climate Change Summit (Copenhagen) Dec 2009
Failed to tackle rising emissions in industrial countries, focused on REDD (on tackling deforestation in Global South) instead.
UNFCCC meeting (Bonn) June 2010:
All industrialised countries push for REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation) to be funded through the carbon market, allowing business as usual in the Global North.
Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
7. Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
8. Four Stages in societies response to destruction of our life support systems
Denial > Business as usual
Fantasy > Techno-explosion
3. Bargaining > Sustainable consumption
4. Accepting need for dramatic change, and that
Living within means enables abundance for all
Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
9. Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
10. Boom and Bust vs. Sufficiency
Excess > Scarcity
Sufficiency > Abundance
Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
11. In tackling the causes of climate change: are communities what matter most?
Communities can thrive & cut fossil fuels through:
Scotland: community renewables/ food growing
Cameroon: owning/ managing forest,
Both involve: reclaiming rights, building self-sustaining systems, creating rolling funds.
We need to develop new (or protect longstanding) community ownership systems
Community material base (see system as problem) not behaviour change (seeing people as problem)
Local to local support (Global/ Regional/ Local)
Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
12. Political changes Communities need In Global North to make localisation possible
If Governments are incapable of stopping economic growth treadmill, do we need to ensure:
Cap and Share: cap and rapidly reduce fossil fuels passing through economy into atmosphere
Govt support for communities expanded to enable them to develop their material base
> Resilient mutually supportive communities not infinite economic growth on a very finite planet
Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
13. Impact of Re-localisation on Global South?
Problem 1: Raw materials and Cheap products from Global South would be priced out of market (by tariff on all goods not internalising carbon costs)
+ Problem 2: International (un-Fair) trade maintains undemocratic elites, impoverishing majority (taking land/ paying little/ controlling politics)
= Solution: Removing this source of elites wealth diminishes their power; helping democracy and community land rights South and North
Transition in Europe and AfricaJustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk