Inhouse training report ppt by mohit manchanda

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Transcript of Inhouse training report ppt by mohit manchanda

  1. 1. THE IN-HOUSE PRACTICAL TRAINING REPORT On BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Under DELHI DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Submitted to: SUBMITTED BY: MOHIT MANCHANDA ENROLMENT NO.:A2315813010 SESSION 2013-2017 DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING AMITY SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY AMITY UNIVERSITY, NOIDA, SEC-125 GAUTAM BUDH EXPRESSWAY UTTAR PRADESH
  2. 2. AIM The aim of the project is to know about the construction procedure and material of a residential building. FOCUS: This project report focuses on the various building construction procedures in order to ensure the development and providing basic amenities like flats to the people of Delhi as specified by the Government authority. Various materials like cement, aggregates, concrete were meant to be studied for using in the building construction activities.
  3. 3. PLANNING AND DESIGNING PRELIMINARY PROJECT DESIGN AND REVIEW PERMIT ANALYSING PLAN VARIOUS DESIGN PROCEDURES
  4. 4. STRUCTURAL CNCRETE ELEMENTS Slab: Slabs are hrzntal slab elements n buldng flrs and rf. Beams:Lng hrzntal r nclned members wth lmted wdth and heght are called beams. Clumn: Clumns are vertcal members that supprt lads frm the beamr slabs. Frames: Frames are structural members that cnssts f cmbnatn f slab, beams. Ftngs: Ftngs are pads that supprt clumns and spread the lad drectly t the sl. Walls: Walls are vertcal plate elements resstng gravty as well as lateral .
  5. 5. SEQUENCE FOR CONSTRUCTION WORK SITE WORK EXCAVATION FOUNDATION FRAMING BEAMS AND COLUMNS CASTING SHUTTERING EXTERIOR INTERIOR ROOFING
  6. 6. N STU CNSTRUCTN MATERAL ThePrecast Beams& Clumns prvde a flexble slutn t the structural cmpnent f ur prect. SHRIKE GRUP Cncrete manufactures Precast Clumns and Beams aspart f a ttal precast frameslutn r as part f hybrd n stu cncrete schemes. The ffste manufacture mprvesn ste duratns and ensures the qualty f fnsh can be met n a factry cntrlled envrnment. Varus prfles f beams and clumns can be manufactured t sut the prect requrements.
  7. 7. FUNDAMENTAL ASSUMPTNS FR RENFRCED CNCRETE Stran n cncrete s the same as n renfrcng bars at the same level, prvded that the bnd between the cncrete and steel s adequate Stran n cncretes lnearly prprtnal t the dstance frm the neutral axs. Mdulusf elastcty fr all gradesf steel s taken ases = 29 x 10 ^ 6 ps. The stress n the elastc range s equal t the stran multpled . Plane crsssectns cntnue t beplane after bendng. Tenslestrength f cncretes neglected because:Cncrete's tensle strength s abut 1/10 f ts cmpressve strength. Cracked cncretes assumed t be nt effectve Befre crackng, the entre crss sectn s effectve n resstng the external mments. The methd f elastc analyss, assumng an deal behavr at all levels f stress s nt vald. At hgh stresses, nn-elastc behavr s assumed, whch s n clse agreement wth the actual behavr f cncrete and steel. At ultmate strength, the maxmum stran at the extreme cmpressn fbers s assumed t be equal t 0.003 by the AC cdeprvsns.
  8. 8. SOIL INVESTIGATION Before a foundation is decided, it is necessary to determine the characteristics of the soil at the site of construction. This is done by conducting soil investigations. Methods of Soil Investigations Inspection Test pits Probing Boring Inspection
  9. 9. FOUNDATION AND TYPES SHALLW FUNDATNS DEEP FUNDATNS Shallw fundatns are als called spread ftngs r pen ftngs. The fundatns are made by frst excavatng all the earth tll the bttm f the ftng, and then cnstructng the ftng. Exp.ndvdual ftngs, strp ftngs and raft fundatns. The ftng s ust a square r rectangular pad f cncrete n whch the clumn sts. Deep fundatns can be made at depths f 60 - 200ft
  10. 10. PILE FOUNDATION A ple s bascally a lng cylnder f a strng materal such as cncrete that s pushed nt the grund s that structures can be supprted n tp f t. End Bearng Ples n end bearng ples, the bttm end f the ple rests n a layer f especally strng sl r rck. The lad f the buldng s transferred thrugh the ple nt the strng layer. Frctn Ples Frctn ples wrk n a dfferent prncple. The ple transfers the lad f the buldng t thesl acrss the full heght f theple, by frctn
  11. 11. TYPES OF FLOORS Mud Flr These flrs are nt prepared n cmmercal r prfessnal buldngs nly n resdental buldngs n rural areas. Tle flr The flr whse tppngs f tles s called tle flr. The tles used may be f any desred qualty, clour, shape r thckness. Flagstne flr The flrs whse tppng cnssts f stne slabs s called flagstne flr. Cement cncrete floor The flrs whse tppng cnssts f cement cncrete s called cement cncrete flr .These flrs cnssts f 2.5 cm t 5cm thck cncrete layer lad ver 10 cm thck base cncrete and 10 cm thck clean sand ver grund whse cmpactn and cnsldatn s dne. These flrs are cmmnly used these days.
  12. 12. DAMPNESS N BULDNG Effects f dampness n buldngs: Causes rttng f wd. Causes crrsn f metallc fxtures. Deterrate electrc nstallatns. Deterrate carpet & furntures. Causes spts n the flrs and walls. Causes pettng ff and remval f plaster. Causes bleachng and blsterng f pants. Causes efflresce. Methd f preventng dampness By prvdng DPC ( Damp prf curse ) By surface treatment .e. by prvdng damp prf pant By ntegral water prfng methd By specal devces .e. byprvdng chaas & by The access and penetratn f msture cntent nt buldng thrugh ts walls, flr, rf etc. s called dampness.
  13. 13. CONCLUSION In review, this internship has been an excellent and rewarding experience. I have been able to meet and network with so many people that I am sure will be able to help me with opportunities in the future. When I first started I did not think I was going to be able to make myself sit in an office for eight hours a day, five days a week. Once I realized what I had to do I organized my day From this internship and time management I had to learn how to motivate myself
  14. 14. RESULT AND FUTURE SCOPE(CONT.) I have learnt that there s difference between the theoretical and ractcal wrk dne, i am able to know the planning required and the what are building by laws , regulations And what are the structural concrete elements and their importance, what is common sequence steps that followed in every construction process and how the precasting of columns and beams done so that it provide easy access to construction and makes it fast and simplified. And also get knowledge about the concrete , cement automated plants that run by shrike company and they supply readymade columns .beams, and wall that absolutely decreasing time and increasing profit of project as a result make development to go much faster,
  15. 15. THANKINGYOU Made by: Faculty guide: MOHIT MANCHANDA Mr. A.K Kashyap A2315813010 assistant professor B.TECH(5CE-1) ASET civil depart. CIVIL DEPARTMENT AMITY university, NOIDA