fishing gear - 1/21/2013 1 Fishing Gear Fishing Gear --OverviewOverview Objectives Explain

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Transcript of fishing gear - 1/21/2013 1 Fishing Gear Fishing Gear --OverviewOverview Objectives Explain

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    Fishing Gear Fishing Gear -- OverviewOverview ObjectivesObjectives

     Explain the difference between passive & active fishing gearactive fishing gear

     List 2 passive fishing gear categories  List 3 active fishing gear categories

    Gear groupingsGear groupings  Passive / Active  International Standard Statistical Classification of Fishing g

    Gear – 60 different gears  FAO groups into 11 main categories

    • Surrounding nets • Seine nets •Trawl nets • Dredges

    • Gillnets and entangling nets • Traps • Hooks and lines • Grappling and wounding gears

     Brief description now – more detail later

    g • Lift nets • Falling gears

    pp g g g • Harvesting machines

    Surrounding netsSurrounding nets  Active gear  Purse seines  Lampara

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    Seine netsSeine nets  Active gear  beach seines and Boat, Scottish/Danish seines)

    Trawl netsTrawl nets  Active gear  Bottom: Beam, Otter and Pair trawls

    Mid t t l Ott d P i t l  Midwater trawls: Otter and Pair trawls

    DredgesDredges  Active gear

    Lift nets Lift nets  Active gear

    Photo: Balaram Mahalder

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    Falling gearsFalling gears  Falling gears (including cast nets)

    Gillnet & other entangling netsGillnet & other entangling nets  Passive gear  Gillnets and entangling nets (including set and drifting g g ( g g

    gillnets; trammel nets)

    http://www.museum.state.il.us

    http://www.fishingnets.com/gillnet.htm

    Traps / PotsTraps / Pots  Passive gear  Traps - pound nets & ‘cages”

    http://www.seagrant.umn.edu/fisheries/nets

    Traps pound nets & cages

    Hooks and linesHooks and lines  Passive & active  Handlines,  Pole and lines  Set or drifting longlines  Trolling lines

    Trolling: http://www.profish.com/fishing_gear.php

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    Grappling and wounding gearsGrappling and wounding gears  Active  Grappling and wounding gears (including harpoons, pp g g g ( g p

    spears, arrows, etc.)

    SummarySummary

     List 2 passive fishing gear categories  List 3 active fishing gear categories List 3 active fishing gear categories

    ReferencesReferences  FAO. © 2005-2009. Topics Fact Sheets. Fishing gears and methods. Topics Fact Sheets. Text by

    Wilfred Thiele and Joel Prado. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome. Updated 27 May 2005. [Cited 18 August 2009]. http://www.fao.org/fishery/topic/1617/en

    N d l C d J P d 1990 D fi i i d l ifi i f fi hi i FAO  Nedelec, C., and J. Prado. 1990. Definition and classification of fishing gear categories. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, No. 222, Rev. 1.

     Watson, R., C. Revenga, and Y. Kura. 2006. Fishing gear associated with global marine catches I. Database development. Fish. Res. 79:97-102.