Cubism Cubism is an early-20th- century art movement pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso,...

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Transcript of Cubism Cubism is an early-20th- century art movement pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso,...

  • CubismCubismis an early-20th-centuryart movementpioneered byGeorges BraqueandPablo Picasso, and Juan Gris.

  • PICASSOThe greatest artist of the 20th century 1881 - 1973

  • EARLY YEARSFather a high school art teacherUsed mothers maiden name to sign art workMade first paintings at age 10At age 19, left Spain for Paris

  • PICASSOFirst paintings looked like that of French painters works.

  • Picasso The Alter BoyPicasso1896

  • BLUE PERIODBetween 1900 and 1902.Best friend died.Almost starved to death during this period.

  • BLUE PERIOD

  • ROSE PERIODMet a girlFell in lovePainted in Rose colors

  • CUBISMInspired by CezanneOne of most important periods of modern artVisit to Greece and Africa during summer of 1906 impacted work.

  • CEZANNES INFLUENCE

  • ProtocubismIn 1906, Picasso moved to Gosol, Spain where he changed his style. New works were influenced by Greek, Iberian, and African art. He began to use more geometrical figures in his artwork. Reservoir at Horta Horta de Ebro, summer 1909 Oil on canvas 23 3/4 x 19 3/4 in.

  • ANALYTIC CUBISMCharacterized by fragmented motifs Monochromatic colors schemes

  • ANALYTIC CUBISM

  • SYNTHETIC CUBISMDecorativeColor plays a part in this type of cubism although works still remain fragmented

  • SYNTHETIC CUBISMStill Life with Chair-Caning Paris, [May] 1912 Oil and oilcloth on canvas, with rope frame 10 5/8 x 13 3/4 in.

  • SYNTHETIC CUBISM

  • YEARS BETWEEN WARCollaboration between Picasso and Braque was ended by the First World War Continued to push Cubism into new paths. During the '30s Picasso became connected with the Surrealist movement.

  • NEW DIRECTIONThe DreamThe Three Musicians

  • NEW DIRECTION

  • GUERNICAGuernica , Paris, 1 May to 4 June 1937, Oil on canvas

  • LATE YEARS

  • LATE YEARSTurned enthusiastically to sculpture, pottery, and printmakingPreoccupied with a series of mistresses and girlfriends

  • ObituaryPicasso leaves four children, a son, Paulo, born to his late first wife, the dancer Olga Khoklova; a daughter, Mrs. Pierre Widmaier, born to his mistress Marie-Therese Walter, and a son, Claude, and daughter, Paloma, both the children of Francoise Gilot, another mistress, now the wife of the biologist Dr. Jonas Salk.

    Avant-garde means new and unusual or experimental ideas, especially in the arts, or the people introducing them.

    Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century.[2]The term is broadly used in association with a wide variety of art produced in Paris (Montmartre,MontparnasseandPuteaux) during the 1910s and extending through the 1920s. Variants such asFuturismandConstructivismdeveloped in other countries.A primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation ofthree-dimensionalform in the late works ofPaul Czanne, which were displayed in a retrospective at the 1907Salon d'Automne.[3]In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted forminstead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.[4]

    *Pablo Ruiz y Picasso was born in Malaga,Spain, on October 2, 1881 of Jose Ruiz Blasco Picasso and Maria Picasso y Lopez. He had used his father's last name as his own, but signed his mothers maiden name until 1901 when he decided to stop using Ruiz completely and just go with Pablo Picasso. He had always been an art genius and had been painting since he was ten. *Pablo Ruiz y Picasso was born in Malaga,Spain, on October 2, 1881 of Jose Ruiz Blasco Picasso and Maria Picasso y Lopez. He had used his father's last name as his own, but signed his mothers maiden name until 1901 when he decided to stop using Ruiz completely and just go with Pablo Picasso. He had always been an art genius and had been painting since he was ten. **Picasso made three trips to Paris between 1900 and 1902. He finally moved there in 1904. This is where he went through what is known now as his blue period. During this time he used mainly different shades of blue and portrayed the seedy parts of town including beggars, alcoholics, and prostitutes.*After he moved to Paris he met Fernande Oliver who influenced the mood of his work from dark and gloomy blues to light and happy reds and pinks which led this period in time to be called the Rose Period. At this time he painted many pictures of a circus that he visited often during his stay in Paris.*In 1906, Picasso moved to Gosol, Spain where he changed his style. His new works where influenced by Greek, Iberian, and African art. He began to use more geometrical figures in his artwork During this time he also made a picture that resembled fractured glass that was, at the time, a very radical idea*Between 1908 and 1911 Picasso and George Braque painted landscape paintings in a new style. This style was termed cubism by a critic who described the work as being made of "little cubes". They created this style by breaking down and analyzing a object. The main color scheme was browns and other muddy colors (monochromatic color).*In 1912, Picasso began to paste paper and pieces of oilcloth to his paintings and then paint either on them or around them. These where his first collages. This technique is called synthetic cubism. This is a more decorative, colorful style of art. He has done some synthetic cubism, but not particularly a lot.*Pablo Picasso has said that he was not a surrealist, but many of his pictures have a surrealist feel to them. During this time (World War I) he went to Rome and met and married Olga Koklova. He painted many realistic pictures of her. Later in the 1920's he painted neoclassical pictures of women and pictures inspired by greek mythology.*Pablo Picasso has said that he was not a surrealist, but many of his pictures have a surrealist feel to them. During this time (World War I) he went to Rome and met and married Olga Koklova. He painted many realistic pictures of her. Later in the 1920's he painted neoclassical pictures of women and pictures inspired by greek mythology.*Guernica Guernica was a work that was done to express his outrage of the German bombing of the Basque town of Guernica on April 26, 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. The painting is not a portrayal of the actual bombing, but a symbol of the act itself*After World War II Picasso moved towards more somber death like pictures. He married painter Francoise Gilot. He had two children with her, Claude and Palmoa. He later met another woman named Jacqueline Rosque whom he married in 1961. He died April 8, 1973.*