Chapter Three: Socialization Chapter Three: Socialization.

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Chapter Three: Socialization
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Transcript of Chapter Three: Socialization Chapter Three: Socialization.

Essentials of Sociology, 7th EditionSocialization into Gender
Agents of Socialization
Wild untamed
Isolated Children
What happens to a child who has had no contact with the outside world or no social interaction with others?
Language is not natural and can only be learned and the child will be unable to speak.
Anna was found in early 1940’s locked in the attic
Genie 13 year old girl (CA, 1970)
Isabelle discovered in Ohio in 1938
Children had no close bonds with caretakers
Low IQs
It was believed that children were born mentally retarded
Skeels & Dye (psychologists) believed there are social causes that led to mental retardation
Social environment of babies was very poor
The absence of stimulating social interaction was the problem, not some biological incapacity on the part of the children
Use Experimental Design to test theory
Experimental Group
13 infant whose mental retardation was very obvious and no one wanted to adopt them.
2 ½ years later
20 years later
12 infants remained in the orphanage
These children were also retarded, but they were considered to have higher intelligence
2 ½ years later
Lost 30 IQ points
High intelligence depends on early, close relations with other humans
Social skills, behavior, relationships all define who we are
A process in which we learn and internalize the attitudes, values, beliefs and norms of our culture and develop a sense of self.
Imagination of their judgment of that appearance.
We interpret their reactions
We develop a self-concept
Children go through three stages in the development of the self
The process by which children learn to take the role of the other
To put oneself in someone else’s shoes—to understand how someone else feels and thinks and to anticipate how they person will act
Significant Others
Individuals who significantly influence their lives such as parents or siblings.
Generalized Others
Development of Reasoning—Piaget
Children go through a natural process as they learn how to reason
Piaget’s Cognitive Development
Preoperational Age 2 to 7
Concrete Operational Age 7 to 12
Formal Operational After the age 12
Each child is born with id
Inborn drives that cause us to see self-gratification
Represents our conscious, the internalized norms and values or our social groups.
Attempts to balance the inborn drives, needs, or desires of the id and the demands of the superego.
The struggle between the Id and Superego
Major Agents of Socialization
Every society has institutionalized ways of carrying out the process of socialization
Those groups and institutions that both informally an formally take on the task of socialization
The Peer Group
Television and Movies
Socialization is Powerful, but the Self is Dynamic