Application Virtualization How to deliver Applications in a VDI & RDS scenario Nicola Ferrini IT...

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Transcript of Application Virtualization How to deliver Applications in a VDI & RDS scenario Nicola Ferrini IT...

  • Slide 1
  • Application Virtualization How to deliver Applications in a VDI & RDS scenario Nicola Ferrini IT PRO Trainer
  • Slide 2
  • Folder Redirection Offline files Microsoft Virtualization Modes Remote Desktop Services
  • Slide 3
  • Presentation Virtualization (VDI)
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  • VDI: What Is VDI? Centralizes the storage, execution, and management of Windows desktops Key deployment scenarios of VDI are persistent virtual machines and pooled virtual machines Stores and maintains the user work area in the data center Enables technologies such as Hyper-V and Remote Desktop Services
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  • Key Benefits of VDI Improved access to data and applications from any device Improved data security and compliance Simplified management and deployment of applications Improved business continuity Integrated management of physical, virtual, and session-based desktops Centralized data storage and backup
  • Slide 6
  • Types of VDI Pooled virtual desktops Personal virtual desktops Each virtual machine is like a traditional personal computer, where user data, settings, applications, and operating systems are stored, and each user is assigned a personal virtual desktop. Identically configured virtual machines are in the pool and users can connect to any virtual machine. After users log off, all changes are discarded, so user data must be stored outside the virtual machine.
  • Slide 7
  • VDI Components in Windows Server 2008 R2 Active Directory Remote Desktop Web Access Remote Desktop Connection Broker Remote Desktop Virtualization Host Remote Desktop Session Host Remote Desktop Gateway
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  • RD Connection Broker in VDI Deployments Brokering involves: Identifying a virtual machine for the user Preparing the virtual machine for remote connection Sending virtual machine details to a session host server Monitoring user sessions in a virtual desktop pool scenario RD Connection Broker enables user connections to connect to an appropriate endpoint
  • Slide 9
  • Configuring Virtual Machines Supported operating systems: Windows XP Windows Vista Windows 7 Configuring virtual machines for virtual desktops: Joins virtual machines to the domain Configures the Remote Desktop functionality by: Enabling RDP and RPC for RDS Adding VDI users to Remote Desktop Users group Configuring Windows Firewall
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  • Demo: Deploying and Accessing Virtual Desktops
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  • Application Virtualization (App-V)
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  • What Is Application Virtualization? Benefits of application virtualization are : Centralized management Scalable infrastructure Accessible applications Remote Desktop Server support Reduced license compliance risks Usage reporting Application virtualization allows you to run applications on client computers as if they were installed locally
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  • Run applications as a service Access anywhere Over the web Portable devices Just in time deployment (Click-to-Run) Installer does not run Instant gratification Simple servicing Update once, deliver everywhere Users automatically stay up to date
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  • Run applications without conflicts No changes to system Safely run apps side-by-side No OS decay over time Lower migration costs State separation Store App state separate from OS state State categorized as user versus system User state stored in profile, roams with profile
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  • How Does It Work? App packaged using Sequencer Installation monitored to capture resources All app resources stored in an app image (.SFT) App image placed on server for distribution App streamed to client over network SMB, HTTP(S), RTSP(S) Can leverage DFSR replica and BranchCache Other distribution mechanisms possible (USB) App-V runs app in Virtual Environment (VE) App virtualization layer handles resource requests
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  • Use Microsoft Application Virtualization to stream applications on-demand Advantages: Centralized application management Support for roaming users and making applications available quickly Can run multiple versions of Office on the desktop Previously incompatible applications can run on the same desktop Centralized image simplifies updates, management & helpdesk Limitations: Requires a supporting infrastructure and resources Consider network bandwidth availability for streaming applications Integration into existing infrastructure, such as the patch management process
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  • APP-V Infrastructure
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  • What Is App-V Desktop Client? Application Virtualization Management Server Application Virtualization Desktop Client Network Requests applications to be streamed Receives the application code Sets up the runtime environment Executes the code locally
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  • Demo Infrastructure
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  • Demo: Application Virtualization in a VDI scenario
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  • App-V 4.6 Shared Cache for VDI environments In Microsoft Application Virtualization (App-V) 4.6 the Client supports using a shared read-only cache Shared read-only cache enables the Client to use disk space efficiently in a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) system You can deploy the App-V Client in a VDI scenario by using a shared read-only cache that has been populated with all the applications required for all users.
  • Slide 22
  • Presentation Virtualization (RDS)
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  • What Is RDS? RDS is presentation virtualization technology that provides access to session-based desktops, virtual machinebased desktops, and applications RDS provides the following benefits: Run an application or an entire desktop on centralized servers Manage session-based desktops, applications, or virtual machinebased desktops on centralized servers Provide an entire desktop, or just application window Provide integration of local and RemoteApp programs Enable secure remote access without establishing a VPN connection Centrally control which RD Session hosts can be accessed, who can access them, and device redirection
  • Slide 24
  • RDS Architecture RD Web Access RD Gateway RD Connection Broker Active Directory RD Licensing Server RD Virtualization Host RD Session Host RD Client
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  • RDS & VDI An Integrated Solution Remote Desktop Gateway Server Remote Desktop Connection Broker Remote App Servers RemoteApp & Desktop Web Access Server Client Authentication Hyper-V-based Remote Desktops
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  • What Is the App-V Client for Remote Desktops? App-v Management Server Client Computer Network LAN, VPN, Internet LAN Remote Desktop Server App-V Remote Desktop Client The App-V Remote Desktop Client: Uses a separate installer from the Desktop client Requires putting the Remote Desktop server into install mode to install the client
  • Slide 27
  • Demo Infrastructure
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  • Demo: Application Virtualization in a RDS scenario
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  • What Are RemoteApp Programs? A RemoteApp program: Can be accessed remotely through Remote Desktop Connection Displays on the client as if it is running on the local computer Can run along with local programs on the client computer Has its own resizable window and entry on the taskbar Can share a RD session with another RemoteApp program on the same terminal server RemoteApp programs run remotely on RD Session Host server and can integrate with locally running programs
  • Slide 30
  • What Is RemoteApp and Desktop Connections? Provides a personalized view of RemoteApp programs, session-based desktops, and virtual desktops The benefits of RemoteApp and Desktop Connections are: RemoteApp programs run from the Start menu on the client Includes published Remote Desktops and Virtual Desktops Changes are automatically reflected on the users Start menu Programs are easily accessed through Windows search Does not require domain membership Built on standard technologies You can create a RemoteApp and Desktop Connections configuration file (.wcx) and distribute it to users
  • Slide 31
  • Demo: Application Virtualization in a RemoteApp scenario
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  • Accessing RemoteApp Programs from an External Network RD GATEWAY Enables Terminal Services-based (RDP) connections without need for the broader capabilities of VPN Requires Remote Desktop Connection 6.1 Requires Microsoft Network Policy Server Needs to be domain joined DMZ External Firewall Internal Firewal l Terminal Services Gateway AD/NP Network Policy Server/Domai n Controller RDP passed to Terminal Server Validate User Access and Client Health 1 1 2 2 3 3 Terminal Server or Remote PC RDP over RCP/HTTPS RCP/HTTPS Removed Internet Home Mobile Busines s Branch Office 4 4
  • Slide 33
  • RDS Gateway In Action RDP hosts can now be put behind firewall HTTP/S used to traverse firewall AD/NPS/NAP checked before connection allowed New Remote Desktop Connection client required AD/NPS/NAP User browses to TS Web Access User initiates HTTP/S connection to TS Gateway Terminal Servers or XP/Vista TS Gateway TS Web Access Internet DMZInternal Network RDP over HTTP/S established to TSG RDP 3389 to host AD/IAS/NAP checked Vist