??Web viewthe president of North Korea has died. Which image in the cartoon symbolizes the political...

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Transcript of ??Web viewthe president of North Korea has died. Which image in the cartoon symbolizes the political...

Wake County Public School System

Social Studies Benchmark

Grade 7

Units 11 13

Grade 7 Benchmark: Units 11-13

Use the resources provided to answer the corresponding questions below.

1. What statement is best supported by the imagery of the cartoon?

a) North Korea is a harsh military dictatorship.

b) South Korea is a peaceful democracy.

c) South Koreans have a higher standard of living than North Koreans.

d) North Koreans are much more disciplined than South Koreans.

2. The skeleton like figure seated at the North Korean side of the table is meant to indicate that:

a) the people of North Korea are starving.

b) the government of North Korea is evil.

c) the people of North Korea believe in magic.

d) the president of North Korea has died.

3. Which image in the cartoon symbolizes the political divide between North Korea and South Korea?

a) the table

b) the skeleton

c) the barbed wire

d) the food

Our gathering today is being broadcast throughout Western Europe and North America. I understand that it is being seen and heard as well in the East. To those listening throughout Eastern Europe, a special word: Although I cannot be with you, I address my remarks to you just as surely as to those standing here before me. For I join you, as I join your fellow countrymen in the West, in this firm, this unalterable belief: Es gibt nur ein Berlin. [There is only one Berlin.]

In West Germany and here in Berlin, leaders understood the practical importance of libertythat prosperity can come about only when the farmer and businessman enjoy economic freedom. The German leaders reduced tariffs, expanded free trade, lowered taxes. From 1950 to 1960 alone, the standard of living in West Germany and Berlin doubled. Where four decades ago there was rubble, today in West Berlin there is the greatest industrial output of any city in Germany.

in the West today, we see a free world that has achieved a level of prosperity and well-being unprecedented in all human history. In the Communist world, we see failure, technological backwardness, declining standards of health, even want of the most basic kind--too little food. Even today, the Soviet Union still cannot feed itself. After these four decades, then, there stands before the entire world one great and inescapable conclusion: Freedom leads to prosperity. Freedom is the victor

General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!

Excerpts from President Reagans speech at the Berlin Wall; June 12, 1987

4. Which is the most likely reason for Reagans use of German at the end of the first paragraph?

a) To antagonize and insult his audience

b) To create a sense of unity with his audience

c) To keep his audience interested in his speech

d) To make it easier for his audience to understand him

5. What example does Reagan cite to demonstrate the superiority of democracy over communism?

a) future success

b) military victory

c) economic prosperity

d) political philosophy

6. Which country is Gorbachev most likely the leader of?

a) Korea

b) Germany

c) USSR

d) Poland

Source 1:

Selected Articles from the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Article 4: No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 11: (1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense.

Article 16: (1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. (2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses. (3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 18: Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 21: (1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. (2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country. (3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 23: (1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. (2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. (3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.

Source 2:

7. Which article would be used to support a protest against the practice of child marriage as it is practiced in many traditional societies, such as India?

a) Article 11

b) Article 16

c) Article 18

d) Article 21

8. Which article would be used to support a protest against the inhumane treatment of prisoners of war?

a) Article 4

b) Article 5

c) Article 11

d) Article 18

9. The content of Article 18 is most similar to the content of the:

a. Magna Carta

b. Declaration of Independence

c. Bill of Rights

d. Voting Rights Act

10. Which article would the cartoonist that created Source B use to support his view?

a) Article 16

b) Article 18

c) Article 21

d) Article 23

Source 1:

Source 2:

11. Based on image 1, the number of worldwide cases of HIV is:

a) growing steadily.

b) declining rapidly.

c) remaining the same.

d) declining steadily.

12. Between which years did the number of cases of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa increase at the highest rate?

a) 1985-1990

b) 1990-1995

c) 1995-2000

d) 2000-2005

13. The part of the world with the fewest cases of HIV is:

a) Caribbean

b) Sub-Saharan Africa

c) Oceania

d) East Asia

14. Based on image 2, it can be determined that:

a) Latin America has the largest group of adults living with HIV.

b) Sub-Saharan Africa has the greatest number of cases of HIV in children and adults.

c) Most children do not have a high risk of contracting HIV in their lifetime.

d) Eastern Asia has the smallest number of HIV cases both in adults and children.

Source 1:

Source 3:

"They were searching. They were there all the time," Immaculee remembers. "It was constantly intense. Intense, intense."

Several people had seen the Tutsi women arrive at the pastor's house, but no one had seen them leave, so after a few days, dozens of Hutus stormed the house, hoping to find the women and kill them.

"There's a little window in the bathroom. I went up and I looked through the curtains. And I saw like people running, running, running inside the house. And we heard them. I can see the spears,"

"So they come inside," she recalls. "I never been so scared in my life. I remember it was like, life swept out of your body in a second. I became dry instantly. I couldn't even find saliva to swallow."

Excerpt from an interview with Immaculee Illibagiza, a Tutsi Genocide Survivor

Source 2:

Source 4:

Background on Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups:

The two ethnic groups are actually very similar - they speak the same language, inhabit the same areas and follow the same traditions. However, Tutsis are often taller and thinner than Hutus, with some saying their origins lie in Ethiopia.

The Belgians considered the Tutsis to be superior to the Hutus. Not surprisingly, the Tutsis welcomed this idea, and for the next 20 years they enjoyed better jobs and educational opportunities than their neighbours. Resentment among the Hutus gradually built up, culminating in a series of riots in 1959. More than 20,000 Tutsis were killed, and many more fled to the neighboring countries of Burundi, Tanzania and Uganda.

When Belgium relinquished power and granted Rwanda independence in 1962, the Hutus took their place. Over subsequent decades, the Tutsis were portrayed as the scapegoats for every crisis.

15. Based on source 4, it is reasonable to conclude that the conflict between the Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda:

a) resulted from long term conflicts and tensions from colonial rule.

b) was a sudden and quick conflict that occurred spontaneously.

c) had no known cause and was a random act of violence.

d) had been planned by the Hutus for a