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UNIT -2 PHYSICAL DIVISIONS OF INDIA
Fill in the blanks:-1. The Himalayan range begins at the _____________ in the west and extends
upto ____________________ in the east.2. The Himalayan Mountain is about _________ kms in length.3. The hills in the _________________ range are the most recent formation,
located in southern part of Himalayas.4. Siwaliks are also called as ________________.5. The Siwaliks are about _________ to ________________ mts above the Sea
level.6. The Himachal or the central Himalayas are about ____________ to
____________ meters in height.7. ________________ And __________________ are the famous valleys found
in the Himachal.8. _____________ means abode of snow.9. The Highest peak Mount Everest lies between _____________ and
_________________.10.The Himadri has two mountain ranges namely ___________________ and
____________________.11. Godwin Austin the highest peak lies in ____________________ range.12. ______________ Plateau lies in Greater Himalayas.13.The great northern plains of the north are also called as
______________________________.14. The Great Northern plain stretch from the plains of the river
______________ to ____________________ valley in the west.15. ___________________ is the largest of all the Physiographic divisions of
India.16. _____________________ is formed by the deposition of alluvial soil
brought down by the rivers which rise in the Himalayas.17. In Karnataka and Maharashtra the Western Ghats are called as
________________.18.___________________ is the highest peak in south India.19. The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats meet at ___________________
hills.20.India has a coastline of ___________________ kilometers.
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21.The Western Coastal plains extend from ____________________ in the North to _________________ in the South.
22. ___________________: Kerala:: Konkan coast: Goa.23.The east coast is divided into ______________ coast in the north and
___________ coast in the South.24. Chilka lake: Orissa:: ________________ : Tamilnadu.25. Totally India has ________ number of islands.26. Andaman and Nicobar: _________________:: Lakshadweep: corals.27. India’s extreme most tip is located in the __________________.28.The Eastern coastal plains comprises of the delta of rivers ___________,
___________, __________________ and ________________.29.In the East coast there are salt water lakes called _______________.30.The Eastern coastal plain extends from ________________ in the south to
_______________ in the north. MENTION THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
Western Ghats Eastern GhatsThey lie to the west of Deccan plateau They lie to the East of Deccan PlateauThey are called Sahyadris in Maharastra and Karnataka.
They are not as high and continuous as the W.G.
W.G has the highest peak the Anaimudi in the Anamalai range
The eastern Ghats are separated by river valleys here and there
Western Coastal Plains Eastern coastal PlainsIt extends from Kutch of Gujarath in the north to Kanyakumari in the south.
It extends from Kanyakumari in the south to Gangetic Delta in the north.
It lies between Arabian Sea and Western Ghats.
It lies between Eastern Ghats and Bay of Bengal.
It is 1500 kilometer long. It is divided into Malabar coast in Kerala, Karnataka coast, Konkan coast in Goa.
It is wide and flat. It is divided into Coromandal coast in the south and the Utkal coast in the north.
It has important ports like Gujarath, Mumbai, Cochin Kandla, Karwar and Mangalore.
It has deltas of river Kaveri, Krishna, Godavari and Mahanadi.It has salt water lakes called lagoons.Eg. Chilka lake Orissa and Pulicat lake in Tamil Nadu.
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Andaman and Nicobar Islands Lakshadweep IslandsThese are 204 islands located in Bay of Bengal.
These are 43 islands located in Arabian Sea.
They are formed by hard volcanic rocks.
These are coral islands.
1. What is the other name for the foothills of the Himalayas?These hills are the most recent formation and are located in the southern part. They have lesser height. They are also called ‘the Foothills’ of the Himalayas
2. Which is the recently-formed landmass in India?Siwalik Range: These hills are the most recent formation and are located in the southern part.
3. What are the advantages of Himalayas?Importance of the Himalayas: The Himalayan Mountains have influenced the life of Indians to a great extent. They provide protection to India, by obstructing the cold winds that blow from the Siberean region. They are the birth-place of many rivers. They facilitate for the generation of Hydro-electric power. They are the home for many types of plants and animals. They are a great treasure-house of minerals and are also significant for tourism and religious centers. 2. The Great Northern Plain : The Great Plains of the North are also called ‘Sutlej-Ganga plains’
4. Explain the extent of peninsular plateau?The Peninsular Plateau stretches from the south of the SutlejGanga plains upto the Indian ocean in the south. Its total area is around 16 lakh sq.kms. It stretches from the Aravalli mountains in the North West to Kanyakumari in the south. It extends approximately 1400 kms. From the Western Ghats in the west to the Rajmahal hills of Jharkhand in the east.
5. Write about the Shiwalik rangeThese hills are the most recent formation and are located in the southern part. They have lesser height. They are also called ‘the Foothills’ of the Himalayas. These hills have narrow strips of plains or valleys which are called doons. For example. Dehradun, Kota,
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Patli and Chaukhamba, Udhampur and Kotli. These are about 600-1500 meters above the sea level.
6. The Northern plains are called deposited plains. Why?These plains stretch from the plains of the river Indus in the west to the Brahmaputra valley in the east. It extends over 2400 kms long with 70 to 500 kms wide. The entire plain is formed by the deposition of alluvial soil brought down by the rivers which rise in the Himalayas.1. Draw a map of India and mark major mountain ranges, the
Eastern and Western Ghats.
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