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  • United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service

    ISSN: 1949-162X

    Small Grains 2015 Summary September 2015

  • Small Grains 2015 Summary (September 2015) 3 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

    All wheat production totaled 2.05 billion bushels in 2015, up 1 percent from the revised 2014 total. Area harvested for

    grain totaled 47.1 million acres, up 2 percent from the previous year. The United States yield is estimated at 43.6 bushels

    per acre, down 0.1 bushel from the previous year. The levels of production and changes from 2014 by type are winter

    wheat, 1.37 billion bushels, down less than 1 percent; other spring wheat, 599 million bushels, up less than 1 percent; and

    Durum wheat, 82.5 million bushels, up 53 percent.

    Oat production is estimated at 89.5 million bushels, up 27 percent from the revised 2014 total of 70.2 million bushels.

    Yield is estimated at 70.2 bushels per acre, up 2.3 bushels from the previous year and represents a new record high for the

    United States. Harvested area, at 1.28 million acres, is 23 percent above last year.

    Barley production is estimated at 214 million bushels, up 18 percent from the revised 2014 total. Average yield per acre,

    at 68.9 bushels, is down 3.8 bushels from the previous year. Producers seeded 3.56 million acres in 2015, up 17 percent

    from last year. Harvested area, at 3.11 million acres, is up 25 percent from 2014.

    This report was approved on September 30, 2015.

    Secretary of Agriculture

    Designate

    Robert Johansson

    Agricultural Statistics Board

    Chairperson

    James M. Harris

  • 4 Small Grains 2015 Summary (September 2015) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

    Contents

    Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2013-2015 .......................................... 6

    Barley Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2013-2015 ..................................... 8

    All Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2013-2015 .............................. 10

    Winter Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2013-2015 ........................ 12

    Other Spring Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2013-2015 .............. 14

    Durum Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2013-2015 ....................... 15

    Wheat Production by Class – United States: 2013-2015 ...................................................................................................... 15

    Winter Wheat Production Distribution by Class – States: 2014 and 2015 ............................................................................ 16

    Other Spring Wheat (excluding Durum) Production Distribution by Class – States: 2014 and 2015 .................................. 17

    Winter Wheat Heads per Square Foot – Selected States: 2011-2015 ................................................................................... 18

    Rye Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2013-2015 ........................................ 19

    Small Grain Annual Summary Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic

    Units – United States: 2014-2015 ......................................................................................................................................... 20

    Small Grain Annual Summary Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric

    Units – United States: 2014-2015 ......................................................................................................................................... 20

    Crop Comments .................................................................................................................................................................... 21

    Statistical Methodology ......................................................................................................................................................... 23

    Information Contacts ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

  • Small Grains 2015 Summary (September 2015) 5 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

    This page intentionally left blank.

  • 6 Small Grains 2015 Summary (September 2015) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

    Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2013-2015

    State Area planted

    1 Area harvested

    2013 2014 2015 2013 2014 2015

    (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres)

    Alabama ....................... Arkansas ....................... California ...................... Colorado ....................... Georgia ......................... Idaho ............................. Illinois ............................ Indiana .......................... Iowa .............................. Kansas .......................... Maine ............................ Michigan ....................... Minnesota ..................... Missouri ........................ Montana ........................ Nebraska ...................... New York ...................... North Carolina ............... North Dakota ................. Ohio .............................. Oklahoma ..................... Oregon .......................... Pennsylvania ................ South Carolina .............. South Dakota ................ Texas ............................ Utah .............................. Virginia .......................... Washington ................... Wisconsin ..................... Wyoming ....................... United States ................

    60 11

    150 55 50 70 40 20

    220 100

    28 50

    240 30 50

    150 75 35

    225 50

    60 30 95 20

    260 450 40 10 20

    255 31

    2,980

    50 12

    120 45 60 70 35 20

    145 85

    32 55

    230 25 45

    110 55 33

    235 50

    60 30 90 21

    250 450 20 10 25

    255 30

    2,753

    55 11

    120 45 65 75 40 15

    125 95

    30 75

    280 30 50

    135 70 35

    275 70

    40 35 95 24

    325 520 20 12 18

    280 23

    3,088

    20 7

    15 12 18 15 25 10 60 20

    26 30

    105 14 22 25 46 13

    135 25

    7

    13 50 9

    120 40 5 2 5

    105 10

    1,009

    15 8

    10 9

    20 15 25 10 55 15

    31 40

    125 13 16 30 40 17

    105 35

    10 18 60 10

    100 45 3 3 5

    140 7

    1,035

    20 8

    10 10 25 15 25 5

    57 40

    29 50

    160 14 22 40 40 16

    140 40

    7

    11 65 9

    145 55 2 4 5

    195 12

    1,276

    See footnote(s) at end of table. --continued

  • Small Grains 2015 Summary (September 2015) 7 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

    Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2013-2015 (continued)

    State Yield Production

    2013 2014 2015 2013 2014 2015

    (bushels) (bushels) (bushels) (1,000 bushels) (1,000 bushels) (1,000 bushels)

    Alabama ....................... Arkansas ...................... California ...................... Colorado ....................... Georgia ........................ Idaho ............................ Illinois ........................... Indiana ......................... Iowa .............................. Kansas ......................... Maine ........................... Michigan ....................... Minnesota ..................... Missouri ........................ Montana ....................... Nebraska ...................... New York ...................... North Carolina .............. North Dakota ................ Ohio .............................. Oklahoma ..................... Oregon ......................... Pennsylvania ................ South Carolina .............. South Dakota ................ Texas ........................... Utah .............................. Virginia ......................... Washington .................. Wisconsin ..................... Wyoming ...................... United States ................

    60.0 73.0 80.0 65.0 60.0 73.0 69.0 71.0 66.0 42.0

    67.0 62.0 57.0 53.0 54.0 65.0 67.0 70.0 62.0 63.0

    38.0

    100.0 62.0 59.0 77.0 46.0 62.0 70.0 68.0 65.0 57.0

    64.1

    65.0 90.0

    100.0 60.0 54.0 82.0 80.0 74.0 64.0 56.0

    70.0 69.0 63.0 65.0 69.0 80.0 63.0 67.0 73.0 63.0

    38.0 85.0 58.0 62.0 93.0 38.0 69.0 78.0 70.0 62.0 59.0

    67.9

    50.0 60.0 60.0 80.0 45.0 86.