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  • United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service

    ISSN: 1949-162X

    Small Grains 2020 Summary September 2020

  • Small Grains 2020 Summary (September 2020) 3 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

    All wheat production totaled 1.83 billion bushels in 2020, down 5 percent from the revised 2019 total of 1.93 billion

    bushels. Area harvested for grain totaled 36.7 million acres, down 2 percent from the previous year. The United States

    yield was estimated at 49.7 bushels per acre, down 2.0 bushels from the previous year. The levels of production and

    changes from 2019 by type were: winter wheat, 1.17 billion bushels, down 11 percent; other spring wheat,

    586 million bushels, up 4 percent; and Durum wheat, 68.8 million bushels, up 28 percent.

    Oat production was estimated at 65.4 million bushels, up 23 percent from 2019. Yield was estimated at 65.1 bushels per

    acre, up 0.8 bushel from the previous year. Harvested area, at 1.00 million acres, was 21 percent above last year.

    Barley production was estimated at 165 million bushels, down 4 percent from the revised 2019 total of 172 million

    bushels. The average yield, at 77.5 bushels per acre, was down 0.2 bushel from the previous year. Producers seeded

    2.62 million acres in 2020, down 5 percent from 2019. Harvested area, at 2.13 million acres, was down 4 percent from

    2019.

    This report was approved on September 30, 2020.

    Secretary of Agriculture

    Designate

    Robert Johansson

    Agricultural Statistics Board

    Chairperson

    Joseph L. Parsons

  • 4 Small Grains 2020 Summary (September 2020) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

    Contents

    Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2018-2020 .......................................... 6

    Barley Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2018-2020 ..................................... 8

    All Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2018-2020 .............................. 10

    Winter Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and

    United States: 2018-2020 ...................................................................................................................................................... 12

    Other Spring Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and

    United States: 2018-2020 ...................................................................................................................................................... 14

    Durum Wheat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and

    United States: 2018-2020 ...................................................................................................................................................... 15

    Wheat Production by Class – United States: 2018-2020 ...................................................................................................... 15

    Winter Wheat Production Distribution by Class – States: 2019 and 2020 ............................................................................ 16

    Other Spring Wheat (excluding Durum) Production Distribution by Class – States: 2019 and 2020 .................................. 17

    Winter Wheat Heads per Square Foot – Selected States: 2016-2020 ................................................................................... 18

    Rye Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2018-2020 ........................................ 19

    Small Grain Annual Summary Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic

    Units – United States: 2019-2020 ......................................................................................................................................... 20

    Small Grain Annual Summary Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units –

    United States: 2019-2020 ...................................................................................................................................................... 20

    Crop Comments .................................................................................................................................................................... 21

    Statistical Methodology ......................................................................................................................................................... 25

    Information Contacts ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

  • Small Grains 2020 Summary (September 2020) 5 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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  • 6 Small Grains 2020 Summary (September 2020) USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

    Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2018-2020

    State Area planted 1 Area harvested

    2018 2019 2020 2018 2019 2020

    (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres)

    Alabama 2 .............................. Arkansas ................................ California ............................... Colorado 2 .............................. Georgia .................................. Idaho ...................................... Illinois ..................................... Iowa ....................................... Kansas ................................... Maine ..................................... Michigan ................................ Minnesota .............................. Missouri ................................. Montana ................................. Nebraska ............................... New York ............................... North Carolina ........................ North Dakota .......................... Ohio ....................................... Oklahoma .............................. Oregon ................................... Pennsylvania ......................... South Carolina 2 ..................... South Dakota ......................... Texas ..................................... Washington 2 .......................... Wisconsin .............................. Wyoming 2 ............................. United States .........................

    40 10

    110 95 60 40 40

    135 120 21

    75

    180 35 70

    125 69 30

    300 55 50

    20 65 19

    290 450 17

    200 25

    2,746

    (NA) 5

    90 (NA)

    70 60 70

    215 120 22

    70

    240 50 75

    120 56 22

    355 75

    100

    20 85

    (NA) 245 400

    (NA) 265

    (NA)

    2,830

    (NA) 8

    80 (NA)

    80 50 60

    170 140 26

    70

    255 35 70

    135 52 37

    365 55

    110

    20 86

    (NA) 310 470

    (NA) 300

    (NA)

    2,984

    15 7 6 7

    15 10 25 33 18 19

    50

    105 16 23 22 43 11

    105 30 10

    5

    35 7

    95 50 4

    90 9

    865

    (NA) 3 2

    (NA) 15 12 10 69 18 19

    25

    100 6

    26 18 39 7

    115 25 25

    9

    50 (NA)

    75 40

    (NA) 120

    (NA)

    828

    (NA) 5 4

    (NA) 20 14 15 73 16 22

    30

    160 10 38 29 32 12

    105 15 11

    7

    55 (NA) 140 60

    (NA) 131

    (NA)

    1,004

    See footnote(s) at end of table. --continued

  • Small Grains 2020 Summary (September 2020) 7 USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

    Oat Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2018-2020 (continued)

    State Yield Production

    2018 2019 2020 2018 2019 2020

    (bushels) (bushels) (bushels) (1,000 bushels) (1,000 bushels) (1,000 bushels)

    Alabama 2 .............................. Arkansas ............................... California ............................... Colorado 2 .............................. Georgia ................................. Idaho ..................................... Illinois .................................... Iowa ....................................... Kansas .................................. Maine .................................... Michigan ................................ Minnesota .............................. Missouri ................................. Montana ................................ Nebraska ............................... New York ............................... North Carolina ....................... North Dakota ......................... Ohio ....................................... Oklahoma .............................. Oregon .................................. Pennsylvania ......................... South Carolina 2 ..................... South Dakota ......................... Texas .................................... Washington 2