Unit 1 Lessons for life

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Transcript of Unit 1 Lessons for life

  • TALK ABOUT YOUR FAVOURITE SAYING PERSONALITY TYPES CALL MY BLUFF PRESENTING YOURSELF WRITE A COVERING LETTER

    1 Work in pairs. Look at the photo and the Tuareg proverbs. What do these tell you about the Tuareg outlook on life?

    Better to walk without knowing where than to sit doing nothing.

    In life, it is always possible to reach agreement in the end.

    2 1.1 Listen to two people talking about important lessons they have learned in life. Answer the questions.

    1 What lesson have they tried to follow?2 What experience illustrated the importance of the lesson?3 Which lesson is similar to one of the Tuareg proverbs?

    3 1.1 Complete the phrases the speakers use to describe life lessons. Then listen and check.

    1 The most lesson anyone has ever taught me 2 Thats become a sort of principle for me 3 Its me in very good .4 Heres a good rule of .5 But its a lot easier than .6 I always make a of not reacting too quickly to

    things I disagree with.

    4 Think of an occasion when you learned an important lesson. Describe what happened to your partner. What did you do about it? What principle do you now try to follow?

    Better to walk without knowing where than to sit doing nothing.Better to walk without knowing where than to sit doing nothing.Better to walk without knowing where than to sit doing nothing.Better to walk without knowing where than to sit doing nothing.

    In life, it is always possible to reach agreement in the end.In life, it is always possible to reach agreement in the end.In life, it is always possible to reach agreement in the end.In life, it is always possible to reach agreement in the end.

    F E A T U R E S10 Learning from the

    pastThe lessons we learn from experience and from others

    12 Who do you think you are?Understanding what defi nes who we are

    14 Immortal wordsThe language of Shakespeare

    18 Arctic wisdomA video about how Inuit elders pass on their knowledge

    A Tuareg tribesman prays at twilight, LibyaPhotograph by Bobby Model

    Unit 1 Lessons for life

    9

    LIFE ADV.indb 9 30/11/2012 09:49

    http://ngl.cengage.com/elt

  • 1a Learning from the pastReading1 Work in pairs. Read the quotation. Do

    you think this is good advice? Is it easy to act on? Discuss with your partner.

    Learn from the mistakes of others. You cant live long enough to make them all yourself. Eleanor Roosevelt, Diplomat

    2 Read the article. Match the people with the types of lesson they taught (ac). There is one extra type of lesson.

    1 Confucius2 Nelson Mandela

    a a lesson that is diffi cult to act onb a lesson that has been misinterpretedc a lesson that has been forgotten

    3 Read the article again. According to the text, are the sentences true (T) or false (F)?

    1 Sometimes people dont want to understand the lessons of the past.

    2 A lot of Chinese people feel that their society has turned its back on the past.

    3 Chinas rapid development has begun to slow down.

    4 Nelson Mandela wanted the two sides in South Africa to stop fi ghting.

    5 Mandela was not opposed to violence in principle.

    6 The writer suggests that most people are too selfi sh.

    4 Find expressions in the article for these defi nitions.

    1 show the right direction (paragraph 1)

    2 summarises an idea or approach (paragraph 3)

    3 work hard towards a goal (paragraph 5)

    4 copy someones behaviour (paragraph 5)

    5 paying attention to danger (paragraph 5)

    WORDBUILDING suffi x -nessWe can add -ness to the end of an adjective to make nouns describing human qualities.kindness, thoughtfulness, unselfi shness

    For further information and practice, see Workbook page 11.

    Learn from the mistakes of others. You cant live long enough to make them all yourself.Learn from the mistakes of others. You cant live long enough to make them all yourself. Eleanor Roosevelt, Diplomat

    Learn from the mistakes of others. You cant live long enough to make them all yourself. Eleanor Roosevelt, Diplomat

    L E A R N I N G F R O M

    T H E P A S T

    Why do we never seem to learn the lessons of the past? e actions of others could point the way for us in the future. But either we forget these lessons or we deliberately choose to misinterpret them, or knowing them, we simply fail to act on them.

    Because of the economic boom in China, its government has become worried in recent years about sel sh motives overtaking society. Many Chinese have been saying for some time that the traditional values of harmony, respect and hard work have been lost. So a few years ago the government focused attention again on the teachings of Confucius, the ancient philosopher.

    Prior to the 1990s, Confucianism had not been fashionable, but now, in a country which is currently developing at a dizzying speed, it o ers a sense of stability and order. e Confucian saying that nowadays sums up the governments philosophy is harmonious society.

    Sometimes it is di cult to learn from the past because the standards of the teacher are so high. is is certainly the case with Nelson Mandela, who preached the message of reconciliation to two sides in South Africa who hated each other deeply. Mandela had always been ideologically committed to peace, and while he was living in prison, he became determined that reconciliation was the only way to unite his divided country:

    All those who strive for peace know that in the long term they will have to begin this dialogue. Yet few are able to follow the example set by Mandela, because it requires such a high degree of unsel shness. It seems that heeding this warning not to be sel sh is perhaps the hardest lesson of all for people to learn.

    If you want to make peace with your enemy, you

    have to work with your enemy.

    dizzying (adj) /dzi/ very fast and confusingreconciliation (n) /rek()nsle()n/ making peace and

    re-establishing relations

    Consideration for others is the basis

    of a good life, a good society.

    10

    reading words of wisdom language focus time phrases speaking your favourite saying

    LIFE ADV.indb 10 30/11/2012 09:49

  • 7 Complete the sentences by writing facts about yourself. Then exchange this information with your partner.

    1 Currently I 2 A few years ago, I 3 I for several years.4 Sooner or later I 5 Generally I

    Currently Im looking for a new job.

    8 Work with a new partner. Tell your new partner two interesting facts you learned about your first partner.

    Speaking9 Match the two parts of these English

    sayings. Use the time phrases to help you, where necessary.

    1 The only easy day was 2 You always 3 It will all be OK 4 No one has ever 5 Dont sweat

    a become poor by giving.b yesterday.c have a choice.d the small stuff.e in the end.

    10 Work in groups. Discuss your favourite sayings. Follow these steps:

    Thinkofasayingfromyourcountryor from English that you like or has helped you in life.

    Writethesayingonapieceofpaper. Putallthesayingsinapileinthe

    middle. Taketurnstotakeapaperandread

    the saying. Togetherdiscussthemeaningand

    guess whose favourite saying it is. Ask the person why they chose it.

    Language focus time phrases5 Look at the article. Identify the verb that accompanies these

    time phrases and name the tense used in each case.

    1 in recent years2 for some time3 a few years ago4 prior to the 1990s

    5 currently6 nowadays7 while8 in the long term

    TIME PHRASESCertain time phrases are commonly (but not always) used with certain tenses.

    Present simpleoften, never, every week, generally

    Present continuous now, at the moment, this week

    Past simplethree days ago, last week, at the time

    Past continuouswhile, at the time

    Present perfect simplealready, just, recently, so far, over the last two years, how long, for, since, ever, never

    Present perfect continuoushow long, for, since

    Past perfect simple and continuousalready, before that, up to then

    will, going to and present continuous for futurenext week, in three days time, soon, on Friday

    For further information and practice, see page 157.

    6 Work in pairs. Look at the language focus box. Choose the correct time phrase to complete the sentences. Then compare answers with your partner. Sometimes there is more than one answer.

    at the moment at the time before that ever for some time in the coming years nowadays often over the last 25 years 50 years ago

    a Military service was compulsory in the UK 1 . But 2 young people dont have to go to the army. I think this will change 3 because there is a feeling that young people need the discipline that military service gives you.

    b 4 people have definitely become more greedy. Ive been arguing 5 that it is not acceptable for the president of a bank to earn 150 times what a cashier earns.

    c People 6 complain that young people dont show respect to their elders anymore. Im having the same debate with my daughter 7 . She says you cant just demand someones respect; you have to earn it.

    d When I was 40 I decided to stop working so hard. 8 , I was working 60 hours a week and I was exhausted. It was the best decision that I have 9 made. 10 I had had no time to spend with my family or just to enjoy life.

    11

    Unit 1 Lessons for life

    TALK ABOUT YOUR FAVOURITE SAYING PERSONALITY TYPES CALL MY BLUFF PRESENTING YOURSELF WRITE A COVERING LETTER

    LIFE ADV.indb 11 30/11/2012 09:49

  • 4 1.2 Listen again and choose the correct option (ac) to complete the sentences.

    1 Annes friends feel about her commitment to animal rights.a surprised b angry